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有关do的习语和表达

沪江英语 2017-01-10 13:17

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下面的习语和表达都和动词do有关,为了帮助理解这些常见的有关do的短语和表达,每个均有定义和例句。

有关do的习语和表达

1.Do a double take

Definition: look twice at someone or something because you are surprised
定义:因惊讶而再看一眼

She did a double take when he walked into the room.
他走进房间时,她惊讶地又看了他一眼。

Did you see that man do a double take as he looked at the price?
你有没有看到,那个男人又惊讶地看了一眼价格?

2.Do a number on someone

Definition: trick someone, cheat someone, hurt someone very badly
定义:捉弄、欺骗某人,深深地伤害某人

I'm afraid she did a number on him when she broke up.
我担心她提出分手对他伤害很深。

That guy did a number on John to the tune of $500!
那个家伙骗了约翰500美元!

3.Do an about face

Definition: turn around, return to where someone came from
定义:转身,转向来的地方

I'd like you to do an about face and go clean your room!
我想你还是回去打扫下房间!

As soon as I got to work I realized I'd have to do an about face because I'd left my briefcase at home.
我一到上班的地方就想起来我得回去一趟,因为我把公文包忘在家了。

4.Do away with something

Definition: prohibit something, make something not available
定义:禁止某事,使其无效。

They tried to do away with coffee in some cultures to little success.
他们尝试在一些地方禁止咖啡,效果却不如人意。

Anytime they do away with something people want it even more.
任何时候,他们越是禁止,人们反而越是贪婪。

5.Do justice to something

Definition: do successfully and with honor, complete in a befitting manner
定义:成功完成,适当处理

I think that painting doesn't do justice to him.
我觉得那幅画不适合他。

Alice really did justice to the presentation.
爱丽丝的陈述做得很棒。

6.Do one's duty

Definition: complete a responsibility, do something that is expected of you
定义:尽职尽责,完成别人对你的期望。

Remember to do your duty by honoring your parents.
记住,孝敬父母是你的职责。

I'll do my duty but nothing more.
我只会做我职责范围之内的事。

7.Do one's part

Definition: do something that is required of you, join in doing something that requires many people
定义:完成被要求做的事,加入需要多人完成的某事。

He feels that volunteering is doing his part.
他觉得志愿活动是他的责任。

Do you part and get along and you'll have no problems here.
做好你的事,保持下去,就没问题了。

8.Do or die

Definition: complete a task or utterly fail
定义:非做不可,背水一战。

It's do or die time now. We're getting married!
现在非做不可了,我们结婚了!

Well John, it's do or die. Let's go!
好吧,约翰,背水一战的时候到了,上吧!

9.Do someone good

Definition: be beneficial for someone
定义:对某人有好处

I think taking the week off will do you good.
我觉得休息一周对你有好处。

She told me a massage would do me good.
她告诉我做个按摩对我有好处。

10.Do something over

Definition: repeat an action often because of a poor start
定义:由于不好的开头而重复某个动作

Let's do that over! I wasn't concentrated enough!
再做一次!我还不够专注!

I'd love to do college over if I had the chance.
如果有机会,我真想再上一次大学。

11.Do someone proud

definition: do something so well that another person is proud of you
定义:因某事做得出色使得别人为你骄傲。

David did his father proud throughout his successful life.
大卫为他父亲成功的一生而感到骄傲。

I think you'll do your family proud this year.
我认为你今年会给你们家族带来荣耀的。

12.Do someone's heart good

Definition: be good for someone emotionally
定义:使某人高兴

I think listening to some classical music would do your heart good.
我觉得听一点古典音乐会使你感到愉悦。

13.Do something by hand

Definition: build something on one's own
定义:亲自做某事

He built his house by hand.
他亲自建造了自己的房子。

I created that desk by hand.
我亲手做的这个桌子。

14.Do something in vain

Definition: do something with no reason or chance at success
定义:徒劳地做某事

Peter feels his doing the job in vain.
皮特觉得自己做的工作是徒劳无效的。

Never feel you're doing something in vain. There's always a reason.
不要觉得你在徒劳地做某件事。事情总是有其存在的理由的。

15.Do something on the fly

Definition: do something quickly without thinking
定义:快速而不加思考地做某事。

I did it on the fly, it's nothing special.
我不假思索地飞快去做了,它也没什么特别的。

Let's do it on the fly. It won't take long.
快点动手干吧,不会耗费多久的。

16.Do something on the run

Definition: do something while on the way to somewhere else
定义:在去别地时做某事。

We did it on the run while on the way to Arizona.
我们是在去亚利桑那州的途中完成这个的。

You can do it on the run. Let's go!
我们可以在途中完成的,出发吧!

17.Do something on the sly

Definition: do something without having other people notice
定义:秘密地做某事。

She did it on the sly. Her husband never had a clue.
她偷偷地做这件事,她丈夫绝不会有线索。

He made lots of money by doing it on the sly.
他偷偷地挣了很多钱。

18.Do the honors

Definition: do something like cutting a cake, or giving a speech that is an honor
定义:做一些类似于切蛋糕,或做演讲之类的被视为荣誉的事。

I'd like to let your father do the honors.
我想让你的父亲执行这份荣耀。

I'll do the honors and toast to happy and long life!
我会执行这份荣耀,为快乐长寿干杯!

19.Do the trick

Definition: complete the task, function as a solution
定义:完成任务,找到解决方案。

I think this pen will do the trick.
我觉得这只钢笔很耐用。

You'll come up with something to do the trick.
你要想办法来完成这件事。

20.Do you read me?

Definition: question asked usually in a stern manner to ask if someone understands
定义:通常是严厉地问某人是否理解自己的意思

We'll have no more talk! Do you read me?!
我们没什么好谈的,懂我的意思吗?

That's enough. Do you read me?
够了。你懂我的意思吗?

(来源:沪江英语  作者:Kenneth Beare  编辑:Julie)

 

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