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Discovering London's history 发现伦敦的历史




Discovering London's history 发现伦敦的历史


有关 “trade 贸易” 的词汇


Where did William Leftwich import his ice from?


Hidden, buried beneath the bustling streets of London, this ice well, was once one of the largest of its kind - storing and supplying ice to the whole capital.


David Sorapure, Museum of London Archaeology
It was built in the 1780s. Originally, the ice well was used to store ice sourced locally and that would have come from rivers and canals and it was pretty disgusting. There was whatever you can imagine that was floating in a river or canal could have easily ended up in this ice house. But in the 1820s, William Leftwich took over the ice well. He imported his ice from Norway and it was much better quality ice.

大卫·萨拉普 伦敦考古博物馆

And it became big business here in the capital.


After being transported up the Regent's Canal, the large chunks of ice would have been brought into this egg-shaped well, 9.5 metres deep and 7.5 metres wide. When it was ready, it would've been taken to the top and distributed across London.


Grant Lipton, Director of Great Marlborough Estates
It was sold off to the local landowners, who wanted to come and buy a bit of ice, before the days of refrigerators as we know them. And the local landowners would buy it, or it was used for medical use, and people would come along and just buy a small portion.

格兰·特立顿 Great Marlborough Estates公司总监

And that wasn't its only use. It was also sold to butchers, fishmongers, restaurants, and for people entertaining.


David Sorapure, Museum of London Archaeology
What we recognise today as a sorbet - they very popular. It was a way of entertaining your guests with something that was previously only really affordable by the aristocracy. But now, because of the large commercial ice well, that more people are able to access that little luxury.

大卫·萨拉普 伦敦考古博物馆

It managed to survive the Blitz and was rediscovered during recent developments.


It's hoped that it will be open to the public via a new viewing corridor by next year. But in the meantime, this unique historical site contains only echoes of the past.



supplying 供应

sourced locally 从当地获取的

imported 进口

distributed 分发

commercial 商业的


The world famous ICEHOTEL in Sweden is a hotel made from ice from the nearby frozen Torne River. In the summer the hotel melts and the water returns to its source.

世界著名的瑞典 “冰雪酒店 ICEHOTEL” 是一家由冰搭建成的酒店,这些冰来自附近结冰的托恩河。每到夏天,酒店融化,水又回到了它的源头。


He imported his ice from Norway because it was much better quality.



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