首页  | 权威发布

《粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要》(双语全文)

新华网 2019-02-19 10:34

中共中央、国务院印发了《粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要》,并发出通知,要求各地区各部门结合实际认真贯彻落实。

Photo taken on June 6, 2017 shows the construction site of the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge in the Lingdingyang waters, south China. (Xinhua/Liang Xu)

 

双语全文如下:

 

粤港澳大湾区发展规划纲要
Outline Development Plan for the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area

 


前言
Preamble

粤港澳大湾区包括香港特别行政区、澳门特别行政区和广东省广州市、深圳市、珠海市、佛山市、惠州市、东莞市、中山市、江门市、肇庆市(以下称珠三角九市),总面积5.6万平方公里,2017年末总人口约7000万人,是我国开放程度最高、经济活力最强的区域之一,在国家发展大局中具有重要战略地位。建设粤港澳大湾区,既是新时代推动形成全面开放新格局的新尝试,也是推动“一国两制”事业发展的新实践。为全面贯彻党的十九大精神,全面准确贯彻“一国两制”方针,充分发挥粤港澳综合优势,深化内地与港澳合作,进一步提升粤港澳大湾区在国家经济发展和对外开放中的支撑引领作用,支持香港、澳门融入国家发展大局,增进香港、澳门同胞福祉,保持香港、澳门长期繁荣稳定,让港澳同胞同祖国人民共担民族复兴的历史责任、共享祖国繁荣富强的伟大荣光,编制本规划。
The Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area (Greater Bay Area) consists of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region (HKSAR), the Macao Special Administrative Region (Macao SAR) as well as the municipalities of Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Huizhou, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen and Zhaoqing in Guangdong Province (hereinafter referred to as “the nine Pearl River Delta (PRD) municipalities”), covering a total area of 56 000 square kilometres with a combined population of approximately 70 million at the end of 2017. As one of the most open and economically vibrant regions in China, the Greater Bay Area plays a significant strategic role in the overall development of the country. The development of the Greater Bay Area is not only a new attempt to break new ground in pursuing opening up on all fronts in a new era, but also a further step in taking forward the practice of “one country, two systems”. The Outline Development Plan (“the Plan”) has been formulated to fully put the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China into practice; fully and accurately implement the principle of “one country, two systems”; fully leverage the composite advantages of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao; deepen cooperation among the Mainland, Hong Kong and Macao; further enhance the Greater Bay Area’s supporting and leading role in the country’s economic development and opening up; support the integration of Hong Kong and Macao into the development of the country; enhance the well-being of Hong Kong and Macao compatriots; maintain the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao; and enable compatriots in Hong Kong and Macao to share with the people in the motherland both the historic responsibility of national rejuvenation and the pride of a strong and prosperous motherland.

本规划是指导粤港澳大湾区当前和今后一个时期合作发展的纲领性文件。规划近期至2022年,远期展望到2035年。
This Plan is an important outline document guiding the current and future cooperation and development of the Greater Bay Area. The Plan covers the period from now to 2022 in the immediate term and extends to 2035 in the long term.

 

第一章 规划背景
Chapter One Background of the Plan

改革开放以来,特别是香港、澳门回归祖国后,粤港澳合作不断深化实化,粤港澳大湾区经济实力、区域竞争力显著增强,已具备建成国际一流湾区和世界级城市群的基础条件。
Ever since the reform and opening up of China, especially the return of Hong Kong and Macao to the motherland, cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao has continuously deepened and become more concrete. The Greater Bay Area, with a marked increase in its economic strength and regional competitiveness, already possesses the fundamental conditions for developing into an international first-class bay area and a world-class city cluster.

 

第一节 发展基础
Section 1 Foundation of Development

区位优势明显。粤港澳大湾区地处我国沿海开放前沿,以泛珠三角区域为广阔发展腹地,在“一带一路”建设中具有重要地位。交通条件便利,拥有香港国际航运中心和吞吐量位居世界前列的广州、深圳等重要港口,以及香港、广州、深圳等具有国际影响力的航空枢纽,便捷高效的现代综合交通运输体系正在加速形成。
Distinctive geographical advantages. Located at the forefront of China’s opening up along the coast and with the Pan-PRD Region as its vast hinterland for development, the Greater Bay Area plays an important role in the Belt and Road Initiative. The Greater Bay Area is a highly developed transport hub. With Hong Kong as an international maritime centre, major ports such as Guangzhou and Shenzhen with throughputs among the highest in the world, and Hong Kong, Guangzhou and Shenzhen being important international aviation hubs, a modern and comprehensive transport system that is both convenient and highly efficient is rapidly taking shape.


经济实力雄厚。经济发展水平全国领先,产业体系完备,集群优势明显,经济互补性强,香港、澳门服务业高度发达,珠三角九市已初步形成以战略性新兴产业为先导、先进制造业和现代服务业为主体的产业结构,2017年大湾区经济总量约10万亿元。
Robust economic strength. The Greater Bay Area leads the country in terms of its level of economic development. It has a comprehensive industry system, with a distinctive cluster advantage and strong economic complementarity. Hong Kong and Macao have highly developed service sectors, whereas the nine PRD municipalities have initially developed an industrial structure driven by strategic emerging industries as the pilot and supported by advanced manufacturing and modern service industries as the mainstay. In 2017, the gross domestic product of the Greater Bay Area stood at around RMB 10 trillion.

创新要素集聚。创新驱动发展战略深入实施,广东全面创新改革试验稳步推进,国家自主创新示范区加快建设。粤港澳三地科技研发、转化能力突出,拥有一批在全国乃至全球具有重要影响力的高校、科研院所、高新技术企业和国家大科学工程,创新要素吸引力强,具备建设国际科技创新中心的良好基础。
High concentration of key factors of innovation. The Greater Bay Area has intensely implemented a development strategy which is innovation-driven, with pilot measures of comprehensive innovation and reform in Guangdong well underway. The development of national innovation demonstration zones has been expedited. Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao have outstanding capabilities in scientific research and development (R&D) and commercial application, and are home to numerous universities, scientific research institutes, high-tech enterprises and large-scale national scientific projects that have important national and even global influence. The Greater Bay Area is well-placed to attract various key factors of innovation, and has an excellent foundation for the development of an international innovation and technology hub.

国际化水平领先。香港作为国际金融、航运、贸易中心和国际航空枢纽,拥有高度国际化、法治化的营商环境以及遍布全球的商业网络,是全球最自由经济体之一。澳门作为世界旅游休闲中心和中国与葡语国家商贸合作服务平台的作用不断强化,多元文化交流的功能日益彰显。珠三角九市是内地外向度最高的经济区域和对外开放的重要窗口,在全国加快构建开放型经济新体制中具有重要地位和作用。
Advanced level of internationalisation. As international financial, transportation and trade centres, as well as an international aviation hub, Hong Kong offers a business environment that is highly internationalised and based on the rule of law. It also has a global business network and is among the freest economies in the world. Macao’s roles as a global tourism and leisure centre, as well as an economic and trade cooperation platform between China and Lusophone countries have been strengthened, further demonstrating its position in facilitating multi-cultural exchanges. As the economic region with the highest degree of external connection on the Mainland and an important window for opening up to the world, the nine PRD municipalities have significant functions and an important role to play in accelerating the establishment of a new system of open economy in the country.

合作基础良好。香港、澳门与珠三角九市文化同源、人缘相亲、民俗相近、优势互补。近年来,粤港澳合作不断深化,基础设施、投资贸易、金融服务、科技教育、休闲旅游、生态环保、社会服务等领域合作成效显著,已经形成了多层次、全方位的合作格局。
Solid cooperation foundations. Hong Kong, Macao and the nine PRD municipalities share the same cultural roots. Their people also have close ties and similar customs. The cities complement one another. Strengthened cooperation in recent years among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao in areas such as infrastructural development, investment and trade, financial services, technology education, leisure and tourism, ecological and environmental protection, and social services has yielded remarkable results. A pattern of multi-level and comprehensive cooperation has been established.

 

第二节 机遇挑战
Section 2 Opportunities and Challenges

当前,世界多极化、经济全球化、社会信息化、文化多样化深入发展,全球治理体系和国际秩序变革加速推进,各国相互联系和依存日益加深,和平发展大势不可逆转,新一轮科技革命和产业变革蓄势待发,“一带一路”建设深入推进,为提升粤港澳大湾区国际竞争力、更高水平参与国际合作和竞争拓展了新空间。在新发展理念引领下,我国深入推进供给侧结构性改革,推动经济发展质量变革、效率变革、动力变革,为大湾区转型发展、创新发展注入了新活力。全面深化改革取得重大突破,国家治理体系和治理能力现代化水平明显提高,为创新大湾区合作发展体制机制、破解合作发展中的突出问题提供了新契机。
The present world is fast becoming multipolar, economically globalised, information-oriented and culturally diverse. The global governance system and the international order have been changing at a faster pace. As countries worldwide have become more interconnected and interdependent, the trend of peaceful development is irreversible. A new wave of technological revolution and industrial transformation is set to begin. The Belt and Road Initiative is being pursued in earnest. These developments will help enhance the international competitiveness of the Greater Bay Area and expand the scope of the Greater Bay Area’s participation in international cooperation and competition at a higher level. Following the new vision of development, China takes forward supply-side structural reform and other reforms aiming at better quality, higher efficiency, and more robust drivers of economic growth, bringing new impetus to the transformative and innovative development of the Greater Bay Area. Major breakthroughs have been made in the comprehensive deepening of reform. The modernisation of China’s system and capacity for governance has been substantially enhanced. These developments provide new opportunities for the Greater Bay Area to develop an institution and mechanism for, and to solve prominent problems encountered in, cooperation and development.

同时,粤港澳大湾区发展也面临诸多挑战。当前,世界经济不确定不稳定因素增多,保护主义倾向抬头,大湾区经济运行仍存在产能过剩、供给与需求结构不平衡不匹配等突出矛盾和问题,经济增长内生动力有待增强。在“一国两制”下,粤港澳社会制度不同,法律制度不同,分属于不同关税区域,市场互联互通水平有待进一步提升,生产要素高效便捷流动的良好局面尚未形成。大湾区内部发展差距依然较大,协同性、包容性有待加强,部分地区和领域还存在同质化竞争和资源错配现象。香港经济增长缺乏持续稳固支撑,澳门经济结构相对单一、发展资源有限,珠三角九市市场经济体制有待完善。区域发展空间面临瓶颈制约,资源能源约束趋紧,生态环境压力日益增大,人口红利逐步减退。
Meanwhile, the development of the Greater Bay Area faces many challenges. The global economy is beset with uncertainty and instability as well as the rise of protectionism. The economic development of the Greater Bay Area also confronts issues such as overcapacity and the imbalance and mismatch of the supply and demand structure. The endogenous impetus for economic growth has to be strengthened. Under “one country, two systems”, Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao have different social systems and legal systems. They are separate customs territories. Market connectivity needs to be further improved and an efficient flow of factors of production has yet to be attained. There remains a relatively wide development gap within the Greater Bay Area and coordination and compatibility will need to be strengthened. Homogeneous competition and mismatch of resources exist in certain regions and sectors. Continuous economic growth in Hong Kong lacks sustainable and stable support. The economic structure of Macao is relatively homogeneous with limited resources for development. The market economy structure in the nine PRD municipalities calls for improvement. Regional development faces various bottlenecks, including growing constraints on resources and energy supplies, escalating pressure on ecology and the environment, and a gradual reduction in the demographic dividend.

 

第三节 重大意义
Section 3 Significance of the Plan

打造粤港澳大湾区,建设世界级城市群,有利于丰富“一国两制”实践内涵,进一步密切内地与港澳交流合作,为港澳经济社会发展以及港澳同胞到内地发展提供更多机会,保持港澳长期繁荣稳定;有利于贯彻落实新发展理念,深入推进供给侧结构性改革,加快培育发展新动能、实现创新驱动发展,为我国经济创新力和竞争力不断增强提供支撑;有利于进一步深化改革、扩大开放,建立与国际接轨的开放型经济新体制,建设高水平参与国际经济合作新平台;有利于推进“一带一路”建设,通过区域双向开放,构筑丝绸之路经济带和21世纪海上丝绸之路对接融汇的重要支撑区。
The development of the Greater Bay Area and of a world-class city cluster will facilitate the enrichment of the implementation of “one country, two systems” and foster closer cooperation between the Mainland and the two SARs, thereby creating more opportunities for the socio-economic development of the two SARs and for Hong Kong and Macao compatriots wishing to develop careers on the Mainland, as well as maintaining the long-term prosperity and stability of Hong Kong and Macao. It will facilitate the implementation of the new vision of development; the stepping up of supply-side structural reform; the accelerated development of new economic drivers; and the early realisation of innovation-driven development to support the continued growth in innovation capability and competitiveness of the Chinese economy. It will facilitate the further deepening of reform and further opening up; the building of a new system of open economy in line with international standards; and the development of a new platform for high-level international cooperation. It will facilitate the advancement of the Belt and Road Initiative. By means of two-way opening up, the Greater Bay Area will develop into an important support area for the convergence of the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road.

 

第二章 总体要求
Chapter Two Overall Requirements

第一节 指导思想
Section 1 Guiding Ideology

深入贯彻习近平新时代中国特色社会主义思想和党的十九大精神,统筹推进“五位一体”总体布局和协调推进“四个全面”战略布局,全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针,严格依照宪法和基本法办事,坚持新发展理念,充分认识和利用“一国两制”制度优势、港澳独特优势和广东改革开放先行先试优势,解放思想、大胆探索,不断深化粤港澳互利合作,进一步建立互利共赢的区域合作关系,推动区域经济协同发展,为港澳发展注入新动能,为全国推进供给侧结构性改革、实施创新驱动发展战略、构建开放型经济新体制提供支撑,建设富有活力和国际竞争力的一流湾区和世界级城市群,打造高质量发展的典范。
To fully apply Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era and the spirit of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, coordinate the implementation of the “Five-sphere Integrated Plan” and the “Four-pronged Comprehensive Strategy”, fully and faithfully implement the principle of “one country, two systems” under which the people of Hong Kong govern Hong Kong, the people of Macao govern Macao with a high degree of autonomy, act in strict adherence to the Constitution and the Basic Laws, remain committed to the new vision of development, fully understand and utilise the systemic strengths of “one country, two systems”, the unique strengths of Hong Kong and Macao, as well as the strengths of early and pilot implementation of reform and opening up in Guangdong, emancipate the mind and explore boldly, continuously deepen mutually beneficial cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, further establish a mutually beneficial relationship in regional cooperation, promote coordinated regional economic development, give new impetus to the development of Hong Kong and Macao, provide support for national supply-side structural reform, the implementation of the innovation-driven development strategy and the building of a new system of an open economy, develop a vibrant and internationally competitive first-class bay area and world-class city cluster, and build a role model of high-quality development.

 

第二节 基本原则
Section 2 Basic Principles

创新驱动,改革引领。实施创新驱动发展战略,完善区域协同创新体系,集聚国际创新资源,建设具有国际竞争力的创新发展区域。全面深化改革,推动重点领域和关键环节改革取得新突破,释放改革红利,促进各类要素在大湾区便捷流动和优化配置。
To be driven by innovation and led by reform. To implement the innovation-driven development strategy, improve the regional synergistic innovation system, pool together international innovation resources, and develop an internationally competitive innovation development area. To comprehensively deepen reform, encourage new breakthroughs in reform in key areas and core fields, reap the dividends of reform, and foster the convenient flow and optimal distribution of various factors within the Greater Bay Area.

协调发展,统筹兼顾。实施区域协调发展战略,充分发挥各地区比较优势,加强政策协调和规划衔接,优化区域功能布局,推动区域城乡协调发展,不断增强发展的整体性。
To coordinate development and plan holistically. To implement the coordinated regional development strategy, fully leverage the comparative advantages of different areas, strengthen policy coordination and planning interface, improve the positioning of different places in the region, promote coordinated development of urban and rural areas in the region, and continuously enhance the holistic nature of development.

绿色发展,保护生态。大力推进生态文明建设,树立绿色发展理念,坚持节约资源和保护环境的基本国策,实行最严格的生态环境保护制度,坚持最严格的耕地保护制度和最严格的节约用地制度,推动形成绿色低碳的生产生活方式和城市建设运营模式,为居民提供良好生态环境,促进大湾区可持续发展。
To pursue green development and ecological conservation. To vigorously take forward ecological conservation, establish the approach of green development, uphold state policies on saving resources and protecting the environment, implement the most rigorous ecological protection system, adhere to the most rigorous farmland protection system and the most economical land use system, promote the adoption of green and low-carbon production methods and lifestyles as well as modes of urban development and operation, provide a good ecological environment for residents, and facilitate sustainable development of the Greater Bay Area.

开放合作,互利共赢。以“一带一路”建设为重点,构建开放型经济新体制,打造高水平开放平台,对接高标准贸易投资规则,加快培育国际合作和竞争新优势。充分发挥港澳独特优势,创新完善各领域开放合作体制机制,深化内地与港澳互利合作。
To open up and cooperate and achieve a win-win outcome. To adopt the Belt and Road Initiative as an important focal point, develop a new system for an open economy, create a high-level platform for opening up, converge with high-standard trade and investment rules, and accelerate the development of new edges in international cooperation and competition. To fully leverage the unique advantages of Hong Kong and Macao, create and improve the open cooperation systems and mechanisms in various fields, and deepen mutually beneficial cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao.

共享发展,改善民生。坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,让改革发展成果更多更公平惠及全体人民。提高保障和改善民生水平,加大优质公共产品和服务供给,不断促进社会公平正义,使大湾区居民获得感、幸福感、安全感更加充实、更有保障、更可持续。
To share the benefits of development and improve people’s livelihood. To uphold the philosophy of people-centred development, and enable all people to enjoy more benefits of reform in a more equal manner. To better protect and improve people’s livelihood, increase the supply of quality public goods and services, continuously promote social equality and justice, and afford people living in the Greater Bay Area a fuller, more protected and more sustainable sense of fulfilment, well-being and security.

“一国两制”,依法办事。把坚持“一国”原则和尊重“两制”差异有机结合起来,坚守“一国”之本,善用“两制”之利。把维护中央的全面管治权和保障特别行政区的高度自治权有机结合起来,尊崇法治,严格依照宪法和基本法办事。把国家所需和港澳所长有机结合起来,充分发挥市场化机制的作用,促进粤港澳优势互补,实现共同发展。
To adhere to “one country, two systems” and act in accordance with the law. To integrate the adherence to the “one country” principle and the respect for the differences of the “two systems”, stay committed to the basis of “one country”, and leverage the benefits of “two systems”. To integrate the upholding of the Central Government’s overall jurisdiction and the safeguarding of a high degree of autonomy in the special administrative regions, respect the rule of law, and act strictly in accordance with the Constitution and the Basic Laws. To integrate the needs of the country with the strengths of Hong Kong and Macao, fully leverage the market-driven mechanism, foster complementarity among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and achieve joint development.

 

第三节 战略定位
Section 3 Strategic Positioning

充满活力的世界级城市群。依托香港、澳门作为自由开放经济体和广东作为改革开放排头兵的优势,继续深化改革、扩大开放,在构建经济高质量发展的体制机制方面走在全国前列、发挥示范引领作用,加快制度创新和先行先试,建设现代化经济体系,更好融入全球市场体系,建成世界新兴产业、先进制造业和现代服务业基地,建设世界级城市群。
A vibrant world-class city cluster. To leverage the advantages of Hong Kong and Macao as free and open economies and of Guangdong as the pioneer of reform and opening up, continue deepening reform and further opening up, lead nationally and set an example in developing institutions and mechanisms for high-quality economic development, expedite institutional innovation as well as early and pilot implementation, develop a modern economic system, better integrate into the global market system, build a global base of emerging industries, advanced manufacturing and modern service industries, and develop an internationally competitive world-class city cluster.

具有全球影响力的国际科技创新中心。瞄准世界科技和产业发展前沿,加强创新平台建设,大力发展新技术、新产业、新业态、新模式,加快形成以创新为主要动力和支撑的经济体系;扎实推进全面创新改革试验,充分发挥粤港澳科技研发与产业创新优势,破除影响创新要素自由流动的瓶颈和制约,进一步激发各类创新主体活力,建成全球科技创新高地和新兴产业重要策源地。
A globally influential international innovation and technology hub. To target the most advanced technologies and industries in the world, strengthen the development of innovation platforms, vigorously develop new technologies, industries, as well as types and models of business, accelerate the process of developing an economic system mainly driven and supported by innovation; to steadfastly take forward the trial of comprehensive innovative reform, fully leverage the strengths of scientific R&D and industrial innovation of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, remove bottlenecks and constraints impeding the free flow of innovation factors, further stimulate various innovation entities, and build the Greater Bay Area into a hub of global technological innovation and an important source of emerging industries.

“一带一路”建设的重要支撑。更好发挥港澳在国家对外开放中的功能和作用,提高珠三角九市开放型经济发展水平,促进国际国内两个市场、两种资源有效对接,在更高层次参与国际经济合作和竞争,建设具有重要影响力的国际交通物流枢纽和国际文化交往中心。
An important support pillar for the Belt and Road Initiative. To better leverage the roles and functions of Hong Kong and Macao in the opening up of China, enhance the development of an open economy in the nine PRD municipalities, facilitate the effective connection between domestic and international markets as well as resources, participate in international economic cooperation and competition at a higher level, and develop an influential international transport and logistics hub as well as an international cultural exchange centre.

内地与港澳深度合作示范区。依托粤港澳良好合作基础,充分发挥深圳前海、广州南沙、珠海横琴等重大合作平台作用,探索协调协同发展新模式,深化珠三角九市与港澳全面务实合作,促进人员、物资、资金、信息便捷有序流动,为粤港澳发展提供新动能,为内地与港澳更紧密合作提供示范。
A showcase for in-depth cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao. To rely on the good foundation for cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, fully leverage the functions of the key cooperation platforms in Qianhai of Shenzhen, Nansha of Guangzhou and Hengqin of Zhuhai, explore new modes of coordinated and synergistic development, enhance comprehensive and practical cooperation between the nine PRD municipalities and Hong Kong and Macao, facilitate the efficient and orderly flow of people, goods, capital and information, give new impetus to the development of Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao, and set an example of closer cooperation between the Mainland and Hong Kong and Macao.

宜居宜业宜游的优质生活圈。坚持以人民为中心的发展思想,践行生态文明理念,充分利用现代信息技术,实现城市群智能管理,优先发展民生工程,提高大湾区民众生活便利水平,提升居民生活质量,为港澳居民在内地学习、就业、创业、生活提供更加便利的条件,加强多元文化交流融合,建设生态安全、环境优美、社会安定、文化繁荣的美丽湾区。
A quality living circle for living, working and travelling. To firmly adopt the people-centred development philosophy, put into practice ideas on ecological conservation, make full use of modern information technology, achieve the smart management of city clusters, accord priority to livelihood projects, bring more convenience to the lives of people in the Greater Bay Area, raise the quality of living of residents, provide more convenience for Hong Kong and Macao residents studying, working, starting businesses and living on the Mainland, strengthen exchange and integration across different cultures, and build a beautiful bay area that is ecologically safe, environmentally attractive, socially stable and culturally vibrant.

 

第四节 发展目标
Section 4 Development Objectives

到2022年,粤港澳大湾区综合实力显著增强,粤港澳合作更加深入广泛,区域内生发展动力进一步提升,发展活力充沛、创新能力突出、产业结构优化、要素流动顺畅、生态环境优美的国际一流湾区和世界级城市群框架基本形成。
By 2022, the combined strength of the Greater Bay Area should increase substantially, the cooperation among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao should be deepened and broadened, the internal driving forces for development should be further enhanced in the region, and the framework for an international first-class bay area and world-class city cluster that is vibrant and highly innovative with an optimised industrial structure, a smooth flow of various factors and a pleasant ecological environment should essentially be formed.

——区域发展更加协调,分工合理、功能互补、错位发展的城市群发展格局基本确立;
─Regional development should become more coordinated, and a city cluster which has a reasonable division of labour, complementary functions and coordinated development should basically be established;

——协同创新环境更加优化,创新要素加快集聚,新兴技术原创能力和科技成果转化能力显著提升;
─ The environment for coordinated innovative development should be enhanced, the aggregation of factors of innovation should be accelerated, and the innovation capacities regarding new technologies and the commercial application of scientific and technological achievements should be significantly enhanced;

——供给侧结构性改革进一步深化,传统产业加快转型升级,新兴产业和制造业核心竞争力不断提升,数字经济迅速增长,金融等现代服务业加快发展;
─Supply-side structural reform should be further deepened, the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries should be accelerated, the core competitiveness of emerging and manufacturing industries should continuously increase, the digital economy should see rapid growth, and the development of modern service industries such as financial service should be expedited;

——交通、能源、信息、水利等基础设施支撑保障能力进一步增强,城市发展及运营能力进一步提升;
─Infrastructural support and protection, such as transport, energy, information and water resources, should be further strengthened, and urban development and management should be further enhanced;

——绿色智慧节能低碳的生产生活方式和城市建设运营模式初步确立,居民生活更加便利、更加幸福;
─A green, intelligent, energy-saving and low-carbon way of production and lifestyle, as well as mode of urban development and management, should be established initially, and the lives of residents should become more convenient and happier;

——开放型经济新体制加快构建,粤港澳市场互联互通水平进一步提升,各类资源要素流动更加便捷高效,文化交流活动更加活跃。
─There should be accelerated development of the new system of an open economy, greater connectivity among Guangdong, Hong Kong and Macao markets, more effective and efficient flow of various resources and factors of production, and more vibrant cultural exchanges.

到2035年,大湾区形成以创新为主要支撑的经济体系和发展模式,经济实力、科技实力大幅跃升,国际竞争力、影响力进一步增强;大湾区内市场高水平互联互通基本实现,各类资源要素高效便捷流动;区域发展协调性显著增强,对周边地区的引领带动能力进一步提升;人民生活更加富裕;社会文明程度达到新高度,文化软实力显著增强,中华文化影响更加广泛深入,多元文化进一步交流融合;资源节约集约利用水平显著提高,生态环境得到有效保护,宜居宜业宜游的国际一流湾区全面建成。
By 2035, the Greater Bay Area should become an economic system and mode of development mainly supported by innovation, with its economic and technological strengths vastly increased and its international competitiveness and influence further strengthened; the markets within the Greater Bay Area should basically be highly connected, with very effective and efficient flow of various resources and factors of production; the coordination of regional development should remarkably improve, with the influence on neighbouring regions further strengthened; the people should become wealthier; the level of social civility should reach new heights, with cultural soft power demonstrably strengthened, Chinese cultural influence broadened and deepened, and exchange and integration between different cultures further enhanced; the levels of conservation and efficient use of resources should be significantly improved, the ecological environment should be effectively protected, and an international first-class bay area for living, working and travelling should be fully developed.

1 2 3 4 Next   >>|
中国日报网英语点津版权说明:凡注明来源为“中国日报网英语点津:XXX(署名)”的原创作品,除与中国日报网签署英语点津内容授权协议的网站外,其他任何网站或单位未经允许不得非法盗链、转载和使用,违者必究。如需使用,请与010-84883561联系;凡本网注明“来源:XXX(非英语点津)”的作品,均转载自其它媒体,目的在于传播更多信息,其他媒体如需转载,请与稿件来源方联系,如产生任何问题与本网无关;本网所发布的歌曲、电影片段,版权归原作者所有,仅供学习与研究,如果侵权,请提供版权证明,以便尽快删除。
订阅和关注
人气排行