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2020年政府工作报告(双语全文)

新华网 2020-06-01 10:10

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六、确保实现脱贫攻坚目标,促进农业丰收农民增收
VI. Achieving poverty reduction goals and working for good harvests and growth in rural income


落实脱贫攻坚和乡村振兴举措,保障重要农产品供给,提高农民生活水平。
We will implement poverty reduction and rural revitalization measures, ensure the supply of important agricultural products, and raise rural living standards.


坚决打赢脱贫攻坚战。加大剩余贫困县和贫困村攻坚力度,对外出务工劳动力,要在就业地稳岗就业。开展消费扶贫行动,支持扶贫产业恢复发展。加强易地扶贫搬迁后续扶持。深化东西部扶贫协作和中央单位定点扶贫。强化对特殊贫困人口兜底保障。搞好脱贫攻坚普查。继续执行对摘帽县的主要扶持政策。接续推进脱贫与乡村振兴有效衔接,全力让脱贫群众迈向富裕。
We will win the fight against poverty.
We will channel greater energy into eliminating poverty in all remaining poor counties and villages, and ensure rural migrant workers from these areas have stable jobs in places where they work. We will launch programs to boost the consumption of products from poor areas, and support businesses involved in poverty alleviation in resuming operations. Follow-up support will be provided to people relocated from inhospitable areas.
We will deepen collaboration on poverty alleviation between the eastern and western regions, and encourage stronger assistance for targeted poor areas from central Party and government departments, offices of other political parties, as well as state-owned enterprises, public institutions, and universities under the central government.
We will work harder to ensure that the basic needs of the most vulnerable groups are met. A poverty reduction survey will be conducted nationwide. For counties that have recently eliminated poverty, major support policies will remain in place. We will continue to promote both poverty alleviation and rural revitalization in an all-out effort to help people who have risen out of poverty move toward prosperity.

 

着力抓好农业生产。稳定粮食播种面积和产量,提高复种指数,提高稻谷最低收购价,增加产粮大县奖励,大力防治重大病虫害。支持大豆等油料生产。惩处违法违规侵占耕地行为,新建高标准农田8000万亩。培育推广优良品种。完善农机补贴政策。深化农村改革。加强非洲猪瘟等疫病防控,恢复生猪生产,发展畜禽水产养殖。健全农产品流通体系。压实“米袋子”省长负责制和“菜篮子”市长负责制。14亿中国人的饭碗,我们有能力也务必牢牢端在自己手中。
We will work to bolster agricultural production.
We will keep total crop acreage and grain output stable, raise the multiple cropping index, increase the minimum purchase price of rice, give more rewards to major grain-producing counties, and take effective measures to prevent and control major diseases and pests. We will support the production of soybeans and other oil crops.
The acquisition of farmland for other purposes in violation of laws and regulations will be penalized. The area of high-standard cropland will be increased by 5.33 million hectares. We will breed superior crop varieties and promote their wider use. We will improve the policy on subsidies for agricultural machinery purchases. We will further rural reform. We will step up efforts to prevent and control animal epidemics like African swine fever, promote a recovery in the production of hogs, and develop livestock, poultry, and aquaculture farming. The distribution of agricultural products will be improved.
We will fully implement the system of provincial governors assuming responsibility for the “rice bag” and city mayors for the “vegetable basket.” It is imperative, and it is well within our ability, to ensure the food supply for 1.4 billion Chinese people through our own efforts.

 

拓展农民就业增收渠道。支持农民就近就业创业,促进一二三产业融合发展,扩大以工代赈规模,让返乡农民工能打工、有收入。加强农民职业技能培训。依法根治拖欠农民工工资问题。扶持适度规模经营主体,加强农户社会化服务。支持农产品深加工。完善乡村产业发展用地保障政策。增强集体经济实力。增加专项债券投入,支持现代农业设施、饮水安全工程和人居环境整治,持续改善农民生产生活条件。
We will create more channels for rural residents to find employment and increase their incomes.
We will help rural residents seek employment or start businesses in places close to their homes, promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, and expand work-relief programs to ensure that those who return to their homes have a job and income. We will step up vocational skills training for rural residents. We will take legal measures to address at the root wage arrears owed to rural migrant workers. We will support the development of appropriately scaled agricultural operations, and improve commercial services for farmers. Intensive processing of farm products will be encouraged. We will improve support policies for rural land used for industrial development. We will strengthen collective economies.
We will invest more funds raised through special bonds to support modern agricultural facilities, safe drinking water projects, and the improvement of living environments. This will promote steady improvements in rural living and working conditions.

 

七、推进更高水平对外开放,稳住外贸外资基本盘
VII. Promoting higher-standard opening up and stabilizing the overall performance of foreign trade and foreign investment


面对外部环境变化,要坚定不移扩大对外开放,稳定产业链供应链,以开放促改革促发展。
Faced with changes in the external environment, we must stay committed to opening our door wider to the world, keep our industrial and supply chains stable, and make opening up a catalyst for reform and development.


促进外贸基本稳定。围绕支持企业增订单稳岗位保就业,加大信贷投放,扩大出口信用保险覆盖面,降低进出口合规成本,支持出口产品转内销。加快跨境电商等新业态发展,提升国际货运能力。推进新一轮服务贸易创新发展试点。筹办好第三届进博会,积极扩大进口,发展更高水平面向世界的大市场。
We will stabilize the overall performance of foreign trade.
To help businesses get more orders and keep their employees on, we will increase credit supply, extend the coverage of export credit insurance, lower compliance costs for imports and exports, and support the domestic sale of export products.
We will accelerate the growth of cross-border e-commerce and other new forms of business, and enhance our international shipping capacity. We will advance a new round of trials for innovative development of trade in services. We will make good preparations for the third China International Import Expo, work actively to expand imports, and foster a large globally-oriented market of higher standards.

 

积极利用外资。大幅缩减外资准入负面清单,出台跨境服务贸易负面清单。深化经济特区改革开放。赋予自贸试验区更大改革开放自主权,在中西部地区增设自贸试验区、综合保税区,增加服务业扩大开放综合试点。加快海南自由贸易港建设。营造内外资企业一视同仁、公平竞争的市场环境。
We will step up utilization of foreign capital.
The negative list for foreign investment will be significantly shortened, while a negative list will also be drawn up for cross-border trade in services. We will advance reform and opening up in special economic zones. We will grant greater autonomy in reform and opening up to pilot free trade zones, open new pilot free trade zones and integrated bonded areas in the central and western regions, and launch further comprehensive trials on opening up the service sector. The development of a free trade port in Hainan will be accelerated. We will foster an enabling market environment in which all companies, Chinese and foreign, are treated as equals and engaged in fair competition.

 

高质量共建“一带一路”。坚持共商共建共享,遵循市场原则和国际通行规则,发挥企业主体作用,开展互惠互利合作。引导对外投资健康发展。
We will focus on quality in the joint pursuit of the Belt and Road Initiative.
Staying committed to achieving shared growth through consultation and collaboration, we will uphold market principles and international rules, give full scope to enterprises as the main actors, and work with our BRI partners for mutually beneficial outcomes. We will guide the healthy development of outbound investment.

 

推动贸易和投资自由化便利化。坚定维护多边贸易体制,积极参与世贸组织改革。推动签署区域全面经济伙伴关系协定,推进中日韩等自贸谈判。共同落实中美第一阶段经贸协议。中国致力于加强与各国经贸合作,实现互利共赢。
We will promote liberalization and facilitation of trade and investment.
We will firmly safeguard the multilateral trading regime, and actively participate in reform of the WTO. We will work for the signing of the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership, and advance free trade negotiations with Japan and the Republic of Korea as well as other countries. We will work with the United States to implement the phase one China-US economic and trade agreement. China will continue to boost economic and trade cooperation with other countries to deliver mutual benefits.

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