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中华人民共和国香港特别行政区维护国家安全法(双语全文)

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中华人民共和国香港特别行政区维护国家安全法
The Law of the People’s Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region

(2020年6月30日第十三届全国人民代表大会常务委员会第二十次会议通过)


目录
Contents


第一章 总则
Chapter I General Principles


第二章 香港特别行政区维护国家安全的职责和机构
Chapter II The Duties and the Government Bodies of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for Safeguarding National Security


第一节 职责
Part 1 Duties


第二节 机构
Part 2 Government Bodies


第三章 罪行和处罚
Chapter III Offences and Penalties


第一节 分裂国家罪
Part 1 Secession


第二节 颠覆国家政权罪
Part 2 Subversion


第三节 恐怖活动罪
Part 3 Terrorist Activities


第四节 勾结外国或者境外势力危害国家安全罪
Part 4 Collusion with a Foreign Country or with External Elements to Endanger National Security


第五节 其他处罚规定
Part 5 Other Provisions on Penalty


第六节 效力范围
Part 6 Scope of Application


第四章 案件管辖、法律适用和程序
Chapter IV Jurisdiction, Applicable Law and Procedure


第五章 中央人民政府驻香港特别行政区维护国家安全机构
Chapter V Office for Safeguarding National Security of the Central People’s Government in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region


第六章 附则
Chapter VI Supplementary Provisions

 

 

第一章 总则
Chapter I General Principles

 

第一条 为坚定不移并全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、高度自治的方针,维护国家安全,防范、制止和惩治与香港特别行政区有关的分裂国家、颠覆国家政权、组织实施恐怖活动和勾结外国或者境外势力危害国家安全等犯罪,保持香港特别行政区的繁荣和稳定,保障香港特别行政区居民的合法权益,根据中华人民共和国宪法、中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法和全国人民代表大会关于建立健全香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制的决定,制定本法。
Article 1 This Law is enacted, in accordance with the Constitution of the People’s Republic of China, the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and the Decision of the National People’s Congress on Establishing and Improving the Legal System and Enforcement Mechanisms for Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, for the purpose of:
 ensuring the resolute, full and faithful implementation of the policy of One Country, Two Systems under which the people of Hong Kong administer Hong Kong with a high degree of autonomy;
 safeguarding national security;
 preventing, suppressing and imposing punishment for the offences of secession, subversion, organisation and perpetration of terrorist activities, and collusion with a foreign country or with external elements to endanger national security in relation to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region;
 maintaining prosperity and stability of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; and
 protecting the lawful rights and interests of the residents of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

 

第二条 关于香港特别行政区法律地位的香港特别行政区基本法第一条和第十二条规定是香港特别行政区基本法的根本性条款。香港特别行政区任何机构、组织和个人行使权利和自由,不得违背香港特别行政区基本法第一条和第十二条的规定。
Article 2 The provisions in Articles 1 and 12 of the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region on the legal status of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region are the fundamental provisions in the Basic Law. No institution, organisation or individual in the Region shall contravene these provisions in exercising their rights and freedoms.


第三条 中央人民政府对香港特别行政区有关的国家安全事务负有根本责任。
Article 3 The Central People’s Government has an overarching responsibility for national security affairs relating to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.


香港特别行政区负有维护国家安全的宪制责任,应当履行维护国家安全的职责。
It is the duty of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region under the Constitution to safeguard national security and the Region shall perform the duty accordingly.


香港特别行政区行政机关、立法机关、司法机关应当依据本法和其他有关法律规定有效防范、制止和惩治危害国家安全的行为和活动。
The executive authorities, legislature and judiciary of the Region shall effectively prevent, suppress and impose punishment for any act or activity endangering national security in accordance with this Law and other relevant laws.


第四条 香港特别行政区维护国家安全应当尊重和保障人权,依法保护香港特别行政区居民根据香港特别行政区基本法和《公民权利和政治权利国际公约》、《经济、社会与文化权利的国际公约》适用于香港的有关规定享有的包括言论、新闻、出版的自由,结社、集会、游行、示威的自由在内的权利和自由。
Article 4 Human rights shall be respected and protected in safeguarding national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The rights and freedoms, including the freedoms of speech, of the press, of publication, of association, of assembly, of procession and of demonstration, which the residents of the Region enjoy under the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the provisions of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights as applied to Hong Kong, shall be protected in accordance with the law.


第五条 防范、制止和惩治危害国家安全犯罪,应当坚持法治原则。法律规定为犯罪行为的,依照法律定罪处刑;法律没有规定为犯罪行为的,不得定罪处刑。
Article 5 The principle of the rule of law shall be adhered to in preventing, suppressing, and imposing punishment for offences endangering national security. A person who commits an act which constitutes an offence under the law shall be convicted and punished in accordance with the law. No one shall be convicted and punished for an act which does not constitute an offence under the law.


任何人未经司法机关判罪之前均假定无罪。保障犯罪嫌疑人、被告人和其他诉讼参与人依法享有的辩护权和其他诉讼权利。任何人已经司法程序被最终确定有罪或者宣告无罪的,不得就同一行为再予审判或者惩罚。
A person is presumed innocent until convicted by a judicial body. The right to defend himself or herself and other rights in judicial proceedings that a criminal suspect, defendant, and other parties in judicial proceedings are entitled to under the law shall be protected. No one shall be liable to be tried or punished again for an offence for which he or she has already been finally convicted or acquitted in judicial proceedings.


第六条 维护国家主权、统一和领土完整是包括香港同胞在内的全中国人民的共同义务。
Article 6 It is the common responsibility of all the people of China, including the people of Hong Kong, to safeguard the sovereignty, unification and territorial integrity of the People’s Republic of China.


在香港特别行政区的任何机构、组织和个人都应当遵守本法和香港特别行政区有关维护国家安全的其他法律,不得从事危害国家安全的行为和活动。
Any institution, organisation or individual in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall abide by this Law and the laws of the Region in relation to the safeguarding of national security, and shall not engage in any act or activity which endangers national security.


香港特别行政区居民在参选或者就任公职时应当依法签署文件确认或者宣誓拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法,效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区。
A resident of the Region who stands for election or assumes public office shall confirm in writing or take an oath to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China and swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China in accordance with the law.

 


第二章 香港特别行政区维护国家安全的职责和机构
Chapter II The Duties and the Government Bodies of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region for Safeguarding National Security


第一节 职责
Part 1 Duties


第七条 香港特别行政区应当尽早完成香港特别行政区基本法规定的维护国家安全立法,完善相关法律。
Article 7 The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall complete, as early as possible, legislation for safeguarding national security as stipulated in the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall refine relevant laws.


第八条 香港特别行政区执法、司法机关应当切实执行本法和香港特别行政区现行法律有关防范、制止和惩治危害国家安全行为和活动的规定,有效维护国家安全。
Article 8 In order to safeguard national security effectively, the law enforcement and judicial authorities of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall fully enforce this Law and the laws in force in the Region concerning the prevention of, suppression of, and imposition of punishment for acts and activities endangering national security.


第九条 香港特别行政区应当加强维护国家安全和防范恐怖活动的工作。对学校、社会团体、媒体、网络等涉及国家安全的事宜,香港特别行政区政府应当采取必要措施,加强宣传、指导、监督和管理。
Article 9 The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall strengthen its work on safeguarding national security and prevention of terrorist activities. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall take necessary measures to strengthen public communication, guidance, supervision and regulation over matters concerning national security, including those relating to schools, universities, social organisations, the media, and the internet.


第十条 香港特别行政区应当通过学校、社会团体、媒体、网络等开展国家安全教育,提高香港特别行政区居民的国家安全意识和守法意识。
Article 10 The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall promote national security education in schools and universities and through social organisations, the media, the internet and other means to raise the awareness of Hong Kong residents of national security and of the obligation to abide by the law.


第十一条 香港特别行政区行政长官应当就香港特别行政区维护国家安全事务向中央人民政府负责,并就香港特别行政区履行维护国家安全职责的情况提交年度报告。
Article 11 The Chief Executive of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be accountable to the Central People’s Government for affairs relating to safeguarding national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and shall submit an annual report on the performance of duties of the Region in safeguarding national security.


如中央人民政府提出要求,行政长官应当就维护国家安全特定事项及时提交报告。
The Chief Executive shall, at the request of the Central People’s Government, submit in a timely manner a report on specific matters relating to safeguarding national security.


第二节 机构
Part 2 Government Bodies


第十二条 香港特别行政区设立维护国家安全委员会,负责香港特别行政区维护国家安全事务,承担维护国家安全的主要责任,并接受中央人民政府的监督和问责。
Article 12 The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish the Committee for Safeguarding National Security. The Committee shall be responsible for affairs relating to and assume primary responsibility for safeguarding national security in the Region. It shall be under the supervision of and accountable to the Central People’s Government.


第十三条 香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会由行政长官担任主席,成员包括政务司长、财政司长、律政司长、保安局局长、警务处处长、本法第十六条规定的警务处维护国家安全部门的负责人、入境事务处处长、海关关长和行政长官办公室主任。
Article 13 The Chief Executive shall be the chairperson of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The other members of the Committee shall be the Chief Secretary for Administration, the Financial Secretary, the Secretary for Justice, the Secretary for Security, the Commissioner of Police, the head of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force established under Article 16 of this Law, the Director of Immigration, the Commissioner of Customs and Excise, and the Director of the Chief Executive’s Office.


香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会下设秘书处,由秘书长领导。秘书长由行政长官提名,报中央人民政府任命。
A secretariat headed by a Secretary-General shall be established under the Committee. The Secretary-General shall be appointed by the Central People’s Government upon nomination by the Chief Executive.


第十四条 香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会的职责为:
Article 14 The duties and functions of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall be:


(一)分析研判香港特别行政区维护国家安全形势,规划有关工作,制定香港特别行政区维护国家安全政策;
(1) analysing and assessing developments in relation to safeguarding national security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, making work plans, and formulating policies for safeguarding national security in the Region;


(二)推进香港特别行政区维护国家安全的法律制度和执行机制建设;
(2) advancing the development of the legal system and enforcement mechanisms of the Region for safeguarding national security; and


(三)协调香港特别行政区维护国家安全的重点工作和重大行动。
(3) coordinating major work and significant operations for safeguarding national security in the Region.


香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会的工作不受香港特别行政区任何其他机构、组织和个人的干涉,工作信息不予公开。香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会作出的决定不受司法复核。
No institution, organisation or individual in the Region shall interfere with the work of the Committee. Information relating to the work of the Committee shall not be subject to disclosure. Decisions made by the Committee shall not be amenable to judicial review.


第十五条 香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会设立国家安全事务顾问,由中央人民政府指派,就香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会履行职责相关事务提供意见。国家安全事务顾问列席香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会会议。
Article 15 The Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall have a National Security Adviser, who shall be designated by the Central People’s Government and provide advice on matters relating to the duties and functions of the Committee. The National Security Adviser shall sit in on meetings of the Committee.


第十六条 香港特别行政区政府警务处设立维护国家安全的部门,配备执法力量。
Article 16 The Police Force of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish a department for safeguarding national security with law enforcement capacity.


警务处维护国家安全部门负责人由行政长官任命,行政长官任命前须书面征求本法第四十八条规定的机构的意见。警务处维护国家安全部门负责人在就职时应当宣誓拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法,效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区,遵守法律,保守秘密。
The head of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force shall be appointed by the Chief Executive. The Chief Executive shall seek in writing the opinion of the Office established under Article 48 of this Law before making the appointment. When assuming office, the head of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force shall swear to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and swear to abide by the law and to observe the obligation of secrecy.


警务处维护国家安全部门可以从香港特别行政区以外聘请合格的专门人员和技术人员,协助执行维护国家安全相关任务。
The department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force may recruit qualified professionals and technical personnel from outside the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to provide assistance in the performance of duties for safeguarding national security.


第十七条 警务处维护国家安全部门的职责为:
Article 17 The duties and functions of the department for safeguarding national security of the Hong Kong Police Force shall be:


(一)收集分析涉及国家安全的情报信息;
(1) collecting and analysing intelligence and information concerning national security;


(二)部署、协调、推进维护国家安全的措施和行动;
(2) planning, coordinating and enforcing measures and operations for safeguarding national security;


(三)调查危害国家安全犯罪案件;
(3) investigating offences endangering national security;


(四)进行反干预调查和开展国家安全审查;
(4) conducting counter-interference investigation and national security review;


(五)承办香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会交办的维护国家安全工作;
(5) carrying out tasks of safeguarding national security assigned by the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region; and


(六)执行本法所需的其他职责。
(6) performing other duties and functions necessary for the enforcement of this Law.


第十八条 香港特别行政区律政司设立专门的国家安全犯罪案件检控部门,负责危害国家安全犯罪案件的检控工作和其他相关法律事务。该部门检控官由律政司长征得香港特别行政区维护国家安全委员会同意后任命。
Article 18 The Department of Justice of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall establish a specialised prosecution division responsible for the prosecution of offences endangering national security and other related legal work. The prosecutors of this division shall be appointed by the Secretary for Justice after obtaining the consent of the Committee for Safeguarding National Security of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.


律政司国家安全犯罪案件检控部门负责人由行政长官任命,行政长官任命前须书面征求本法第四十八条规定的机构的意见。律政司国家安全犯罪案件检控部门负责人在就职时应当宣誓拥护中华人民共和国香港特别行政区基本法,效忠中华人民共和国香港特别行政区,遵守法律,保守秘密。
The head of the specialised prosecution division of the Department of Justice shall be appointed by the Chief Executive, who shall seek in writing the opinion of the Office established under Article 48 of this Law before making the appointment. When assuming office, the head of the specialised prosecution division shall swear to uphold the Basic Law of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, swear allegiance to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People’s Republic of China, and swear to abide by the law and to observe the obligation of secrecy.


第十九条 经行政长官批准,香港特别行政区政府财政司长应当从政府一般收入中拨出专门款项支付关于维护国家安全的开支并核准所涉及的人员编制,不受香港特别行政区现行有关法律规定的限制。财政司长须每年就该款项的控制和管理向立法会提交报告。
Article 19 The Financial Secretary of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region shall, upon approval of the Chief Executive, appropriate from the general revenue a special fund to meet the expenditure for safeguarding national security and approve the establishment of relevant posts, which are not subject to any restrictions in the relevant provisions of the laws in force in the Region. The Financial Secretary shall submit an annual report on the control and management of the fund for this purpose to the Legislative Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region.

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