BBC Learning English 英语教学

 

一分钟英语

 

如何区分 "stop doing” 和 “stop to do”

 

本集内容

相信学习英语的朋友们都知道,“stop” 作动词时的意思是 “停止”,它的后面既可以跟动词的 -ing 形式,也可以跟不定式 “to do”。“Stop doing” 和 “stop to do” 的区别是什么?看视频!

文字稿

Hi, I'm Sian from BBC Learning English. What's the difference between stop to do and stop doing something?

Well, stop what you're doing right now because that's what I'm going to tell you!

When we use stop plus ING, the activity in the ING form stops. So, I have stopped drinking coffee. I'm not drinking coffee any more, I'm only drinking water.

But when stop is followed by the infinitive, it means we stop doing another action to do the action in the infinitive. So, I stopped to buy a tea this morning. I stopped walking in order to buy a tea.

Right, I'm going to stop talking now. 

用法总结

Stop can be followed by an ING verb or a full infinitive verb. This is called a verb pattern. Which form is chosen depends on the speakers meaning.
动词 “stop” 后可跟动词-ing 形式,即 “doing”,或不定式 “to do”。这被称作动词模式(verb pattern)。具体应使用哪个动词模式要根据说话者的意思而定。

1. Stop + ING verb
Stop doing = 停止做某事

When stop is followed by an ING verb, it is the activity in the ING verb which is stopped.
当动词 “stop” 后跟动词-ing 时,动词-ing 描述的是要被停止的动作。

John has finally stopped smoking. You won't see him doing it any more.

After about an hour, they stopped playing football and rested.

She's stopped making that mistake now and her language is much better.

2. Stop + full infinitive verb
Stop to do = 停下来去做某事

When stop is followed by a full infinitive verb, it is another action which stops. The action in the full infinitive is the reason why.
当动词 “stop” 后跟不定式 “to do” 时,这表示要停下正在做的动作,去做另一个动作。“Stop to” 后接的动词是要去做的动作。

I was watching TV but I stopped to do some homework.

After about an hour of playing football, they stopped to rest.

I had to stop to change a tyre. One of mine had been punctured.

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