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每日新闻播报(October 12)

chinadaily.com.cn 2020-10-12 16:24

The results show that people without experience of playing video games as a child did not benefit from improvements in processing and inhibiting irrelevant stimuli. Image is in the public domain.

>Playing games improves memory
A number of studies have shown playing video games can lead to structural changes in the brain, including increasing the size of some regions, or to functional changes, such as activating areas responsible for attention or visual-spatial skills.
New research from the Universitat Oberta de Catalunya has gone further, showing how cognitive changes can take place even years after people stop playing.
This is one of the conclusions of the article, published in "Frontiers in Human Neuroscience".
According to Marc Palaus, the author of the study, what most video games have in common are elements that make people want to continue playing, and that they gradually get harder and present a constant challenge.
"These two things are enough to make it an attractive and motivating activity, which, in turn, requires constant and intense use of our brain's resources. Video games are a perfect recipe for strengthening our cognitive skills, almost without our noticing," he said.

Photo by Owen Yin on Unsplash

>Birds sing softly in pandemic
San Francisco birds started singing differently in the quiet of the coronavirus lockdown, according to a study in Science.
Before, the urban white-crowned sparrow's breeding territories were almost three times as loud as rural territories, the study found.
But during the pandemic, researchers noted noise levels in urban areas were drastically lower.
In fact, they were consistent with traffic flow in the mid-1950s.
"We found birds sang more softly when noise levels were lower," researchers said.
Even though the birds were singing more softly, the study found communication distances nearly doubled, elevating species fitness and increasing mating potential.
"In addition, the signal-to-noise ratio doubled, which helps explain media reports suggesting bird songs sounded louder during the shutdown," the researchers said.

Ragnar Vorel@sonuba

>Visitor sued over negative review
An American has been sued by an island resort in Thailand over a negative TripAdvisor review, authorities said, and could face up to two years in prison if found guilty.
A recent visit to the Resort on Koh Chang Island landed Wesley Barnes in trouble after he wrote unflattering online reviews about his holiday.
Barnes was accused of causing "damage to the reputation of the hotel", and of quarrelling with staff over not paying a corkage fee for alcohol brought to the hotel.
According to the review Barnes posted in July, he encountered "unfriendly staff" who "act like they don't want anyone here".
The Sea View Resort said legal action was only taken because Barnes penned multiple reviews on different sites over the past few weeks.
At least one was posted in June on TripAdvisor accusing the hotel of "modern-day slavery" - which the site removed after a week for violating its guidelines.

A cut tree falling in Amazonas jungle, Brazil, July 28, 2008. [Photo/IC]

>World lost 100M hectares of forest
The world has lost nearly 100 million hectares of forests in two decades, marking a steady decline though a slower pace than before, a UN agency reported.
The proportion of forest to total land area fell from 31.9% in 2000 to 31.2% in 2020, some 4.1 billion hectares according to the Food and Agriculture Organization.
Deforestation has hit sub-Saharan Africa and southeast Asia particularly hard.
In contrast, in many parts of Asia, Europe and North America forest area has increased or stayed the same in the last five years, thanks to policies to restore woodlands and allow forests to expand naturally.
In China, forests make up 23.3% of land area, up from 22.3% in 2015.
In Japan, they account for 68.4%, the same as five years ago.

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