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chinadaily.com.cn 2023-11-08 15:26


> General Administration of Customs introduces 16 reform measures
海关总署推出“加工贸易改革16条” 支持原油、煤炭等商品进口

his aerial photo taken on Sept 12, 2023 shows a view of the container terminal of Haikou Port in Haikou, South China's Hainan province. [Photo/Xinhua]


The General Administration of Customs' latest move of introducing 16 reform measures to promote high-quality development in processing trade will further enhance the role of policy guidance in supporting the gradual transition of industries within China, an official said Tuesday.

These measures, such as supporting the processing trade of strategic commodities in the main import areas of China's central, western and northeastern regions, will leverage the resource advantages and industrial characteristics of these regions, said Huang Lingli, deputy director of GAC's commodity inspection department.


The new policies encourage the import of energy and resource commodities such as crude oil, coal, natural gas, iron ore, copper concentrate and grains, Huang said.

Processing trade refers to the business activity of importing all, or part of, the raw and auxiliary materials from abroad, and re-exporting the finished products after processing or assembly by companies within the Chinese mainland.

As a crucial component of China's foreign trade, Huang said processing trade plays a vital role in facilitating external openness, driving industrial upgrading, stabilizing supply chains, ensuring employment and improving people's livelihoods.

China's processing trade amounted to 5.57 trillion yuan ($761.22 billion) between January and September of 2023, accounting for 18.1 percent of the country's total foreign trade value, data from GAC showed.

> Anger can lead to better results in tricky tasks



Experiments suggest that people who are angry perform better on a set of challenging tasks than those who are emotionally neutral.


“These findings demonstrate that anger increases effort toward attaining a desired goal, frequently resulting in greater success,” said Dr Heather Lench, the first author of the study.


The study, published in the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, details how researchers at Texas A&M University conducted experiments involving more than 1,000 people, and analyzed survey data from more than 1,400 people, to explore the possible impact of anger on people in various circumstances.


In one experiment, students were shown images previously found to elicit anger, desire, amusement, sadness or no particular emotion at all.


Participants were subsequently asked to solve a series of anagrams.


The results reveal that for a challenging set of anagrams, those who were angry did better than those in the other possible emotional states – although no difference was seen for easy anagrams.


The researchers say one explanation could be down to a link between anger and greater persistence, with the team finding those who were angry spent more time on the difficult set of anagrams.


In another experiment, participants who were angry did better at dodging flags in a skiing video game than those who were neutral or sad, and were on a par with those who felt amusement or desire.


“This pattern could indicate that general physical arousal had a benefit for game scores, as this would be greater in anger, amused, and desire conditions compared to the sad and neutral conditions,” the researchers write.


However, no such differences in performance were found when it came to an easier video game.


One experiment suggested being angry increased the degree to which participants cheated on tasks compared with the other emotions – except amusement – while another experiment found anger was associated with lower reaction times on a task.


“People often prefer to use positive emotions as tools more than negative and tend to see negative emotions as undesirable and maladaptive,” Lench said. “Our research adds to the growing evidence that a mix of positive and negative emotions promotes wellbeing, and that using negative emotions as tools can be particularly effective in some situations.”


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