|Bridges are an important part of a country's infrastructure|
Helen: This is Real English from BBC Learning English. I’m Helen.
Helen: Today we’re going to look at words and phrases that have recently become part of the English language.
Helen: English has a very large vocabulary, and new words and phrases are entering it constantly. It’s important to keep up to date with real English.
Zoë: Helen, 我们今天要学的新词是？
Helen: Today’s word is infrastructure.
Zoë: Infrastructure. 这个词的意思是？
Helen: Well, infrastructure means all the basic systems a country – or an organisation – needs, such as water, power supplies, roads and buildings.
Helen: That’s it. In most of Europe and the USA, the infrastructure is very good. You have excellent roads and trains. You have a choice of power supplies and good water.
Helen: Well, many countries – in Africa for example – are still developing and don’t have very infrastructure.
Zoë: 原来是这样。所以，你可以说 the infrastructure is not good in Africa.
A: So, are we going to build the new factory in Bolivia or Brazil?
B: I think it should be in Brazil. The infrastructure is better.
Helen: So, do you think the infrastructure is good in China?
Zoë: It is getting better. The infrastructure is improving all the time.
Helen: That’s very good news.
Zoë: Yes, it is. We now have better roads and schools.
Helen: In Europe the infrastructure is very good. They have excellent roads, good train systems, good public hospitals and schools.
Zoë: Yes, I have heard that.
Helen: It’s time for us to recap, so what does infrastructure mean?
Zoë: Infrastructure 指的就是一个国家的基础设施，比如说水资源，道路交通建设，或者是建筑。
Helen: You’ve been listening to Real English from BBC Learning English. Bye for now.
Zoë: See you next time.