Big cheese 重要人物
In Britain, around 600,000 tonnes of hard cheese are consumed every year - which is about 10kg per person per year or 27.4 grams per person per day (a piece of cheese the size of a matchbox). Continental Europeans eat almost twice as much cheese per person per day, mainly because breakfasts on the mainland often feature cheese.
英国人每年食用大约 60 万吨的硬奶酪，人均一年会吃掉 10 公斤，相当于每人每天 27.4 克（体积类似火柴盒大小）的奶酪。 欧洲其他国家的人比英国人更能吃奶酪，每人每天吃的奶酪几乎是英国人的两倍，这主要是因为奶酪是欧式早餐中重要的组成部分。
在一个企业里，核心领导人物往往被称为 big cheese。这个表达的字面意思是大奶酪，一个非常口语化的称呼，所以在使用时要格外注意场合，最好别直接叫领导 big cheese。
If you want to get anything done here, you need to speak to the big cheese.
Since he became the big cheese he doesn't have time for us anymore.
另一个包含 cheese 的短语是 like chalk and cheese, 字面意思是像粉笔和奶酪，常用来形容两个人的个性或面貌截然不同。
My two children are like chalk and cheese – one is tall with fair hair and blue eyes and the other is short with dark hair and dark eyes.
Me and my brother are like chalk and cheese – I'm really shy and quiet and he's really talkative and sociable.