There is no threat of high inflation despite recent steep rises in food prices, a senior planning official said yesterday.
The rising consumer price index (CPI), driven up largely by more expensive food, will become stable when pork prices stabilize, Bi Jingquan, vice-minister of the National Development and Reform Commission, told a press conference in Beijing.
The CPI - a key gauge of inflation - hit a 10-year high of 5.6 percent in July and rose by an average of 3.5 percent in the first seven months of the year, of which 2.9 percentage points were contributed by rising food costs, he said.
Pork, in particular, was 70.3 percent more expensive year on year at the end of August in 36 large cities, according to the commission's statistics.
The rise was mainly because of a rise in animal-feed prices and the blue-ear epidemic which shrunk the stock of pigs.
"There are ups and downs in the prices of other goods, but not a continuous rise because demand has not vastly exceeded supply," he told the news briefing held by the State Council Information Office.
"Therefore, there is no serious inflation."
The country has experienced only some structural short supply, such as that of pork, but overall supply and demand in the economy is balanced, he said.
A series of government measures are stabilizing pork prices, but this does not necessarily mean the overall inflation rate will recede to the full-year target of 3 percent in the short term, he said.
"The 3 percent target set at the beginning of this year is only a guideline, it's natural that the actual data are below or above that target."
Pork prices stabilized in the past three weeks because of improved supply, but fluctuations in the meat market are inevitable, he said.
The odds are low that pork rates would continue to rise drastically for a long time, he said.
The skewed supply-demand situation with livestock is expected to be substantially balanced by mid-2008, he said.
Farmers have been given incentives - increased price and government subsidies - to raise more pigs.
Meanwhile, supply of alternative food is sufficient. The output of poultry, eggs and mutton has increased this year, he said.
The official ruled out the possibility of large volumes of pork imports to ease prices.
The country produced 53 percent of the world's total pork last year. It imported 30,000 tons and exported 95,000 tons through July this year.
"Because China is the world's largest pork producer, the country is very unlikely to import pork by the millions of tons every year - there is simply no country that could satisfy such a huge need."
(China Daily 09/05/2007 page1)
1. China produced what percentage of the world’s total pork last year?
2. According to the article, why have consumer prices risen so drastically in recent months?
3. July’s CPI growth, the highest in ten years, was what?
4. In order to increase supply, the article mentions pig farmers have been given what incentive?
2. Rising food prices.
4. Increased price and government subsidies.
（英语点津 Linda 编辑）
About the broadcaster:
Jonathan Stewart is a media and journalism expert from the United States with four years of experience as a writer and instructor. He accepted a foreign expert position with chinadaily.com.cn in June 2007 following the completion of his Master of Arts degree in International Relations and Comparative Politics.