The Ministry of Education has worked out new policies to
further promote quality education that highlights the cultivation of
independent thinking, creative spirit and practical ability, said a senior
official. (chinadaily.com.cn 11/13/2000)
overcome disadvantages in current educational system, we must carry on the
quality education centering on moral education and emphasizing creativity
and practice all over the country.（译文）
education 的情况早已有人提出异议，并给出了一些不同的译法。如：education for all-round
education等。但上述各种译法均有不足，education for all-round development
改变了切入点，指的是让学生得到全面发展的教育；quality-oriented education 与 quality education
并无本质上的区别；而 competence-oriented education中的 competence
一词仅仅表示“能力”，这在一般的字典里都能查到，“素质教育”的内涵要远远超出 competence 所能覆盖的意义。
翻译为“优质教育”。英语中有大量“形容词+quality+名词”的用法，例如 high quality service，high quality
education，good quality equipment，good quality office space，top quality
cotton 等等 ；同时用“quality+名词”表示“高质量的某种东西”的情况也很多，最常见的例子是 quality products，而
quality products 实际上就等于 products of high quality。类似的情况还有 quality printed
output，quality display 等。再看下面的例句，注意句子中的 quality assurance systems
The aim of the guidelines is to establish quality
assurance systems for the industry and to create a sound basis for further
improvement in the areas of health, safety and the environment.
再看下面的几个例句, 其中的 quality education 均表示“高质量的教育”：
1. St Mary's
is a good school providing quality education.
2. All young people have
the right to quality education.
3. The demise of quality education,
once the jewel in Britain's crown, has been a feature of the three
Conservative administrations since 1979.
4. Making parents aware of
the virtues of the school, the buildings, the playing fields, the swimming
pool etc. isn't necessarily related to providing quality
值得注意的是，quality 一词如果用作复数名词, 或者放在 personal quality
1．A young senior manager still committed and
working to high standards would be "successful" as would an older manager
with the same qualities progressing more slowly to senior levels.
The officials, the MPs and the industrialists get together over sandwiches
to mark each candidate for their intellectual capacity, the ability to
speak, write and organize, and personal qualities like their influence on
others, their sense of responsibility or determination.
qualities and work characteristics, such as self-confidence, co-operation,
enthusiasm, leadership, attitudes, initiative and so on.
4. Hodgson et
al (1984) also found that some schools required qualifications whereas
others looked for personal qualities such as flexibility and good
interpersonal skills. （在这里，学历qualifications 和素质personal
5. The third element covers personal and social
skills, communication and relationships, the ability to work in groups and
personal qualities such as initiative, responsibility, self-reliance and
既然 quality education 不等同于“素质教育”，那么“素质教育”应该怎样译成英语呢？
有一篇专门论述“素质教育”的文章，其“素质教育”的英译是 EQO (Essential-qualities-oriented)
"Trans-century EQO (essential-qualities-oriented, called su
yhi jiao zu in Chinese) Education Project".
United Nations in China 网站报道中的“素质教育”也是essential-qualities-oriented
The (Chinese) government's recent promotion of a shift from
examination-oriented to essential-qualities-oriented schooling (suzhi
education), is being followed up with guidelines on curriculum
restructuring and textbook compilation (after the National Conference on
To overcome the drawbacks of the prevailing education
system we must promote throughout the country the
essential-qualities-oriented education that stresses the cultivation of
moral integrity and emphasizes the development of creativity of the mind
and hands-on abilities.
Caliber 一词也可以用来指人的素质。根据 Chambers 21st
Century Dictionary 的定义，caliber一词的意思是“quality；standard；ability”；Webster's
New World Dictionary将其解释为“degree of worth or value of a person or thing;
High Caliber Talent（招聘高素质人才）。类似的例子还有：persons of caliber and
substance（有素质、有内涵的人），management staff of the highest
caliber（高素质的管理人员）以及This man was a person of high caliber.（此人素质很高。）
1. He wanted someone of high caliber, with
business and administrative skills.
2. The Department of the
Environment admits it is almost impossible to recruit the caliber of
inspectors it wants on salaries starting at about ?15,000.
caliber of the new staff is impressive and the pay-bill alone will reduce
by more than ?0.25m a year.
4. Quite frankly the salaries you offer
these C P Os are much too low; if they weren't retired police officers,
you wouldn't get the caliber of person.
5. Most listed companies do
not yet have enough independent directors to fulfill the roles, and it is
even doubtful whether enough individuals of the right caliber are
available for these positions, particularly in view of the heavy legal
responsibilities that any company director incurs.
6. The Committee on
the Management of Local Government was appointed, to consider in the light
of modern conditions how local government might best continue to attract
and retain people of the caliber necessary to ensure its maximum
the wide and generally understood
variations in academic caliber between American universities.
turn one's thoughts to matters of a more intellectual caliber.
European Business Studies degree prepares students for the European fields
of business activity, and has always attracted a high caliber of student
with language skills and an urge to do business in the varied market
places of Europe.
High-caliber lecturers at UNITAR. Good lecturers
sometimes inspire students to do well in their subjects.
scientific research was of a high caliber.
Many agents are worried about the current
caliber of editors.
Lawyers in local government seek trainee solicitors
of the highest caliber.
If theatre artists of this caliber are prepared
to launch a production from Plymouth, it seems a fair bet that the Theatre
Royal management has got its act together.
The caliber of the
expedition leaders ensures that these young travelers are able to complete
trips that would be too complicated to organize for themselves.
expected six or seven caliber applicants, though others in the business
said I would be surprised by the numbers to apply.
Portfolio is a comprehensive program of executive education for
high-caliber management professionals.
Efforts should always be
rewarded and whilst good salary levels are essential to retain the right
caliber of staff, bonus payments for exceptional effort or particular
success will be rewarded by increased motivation.
"High-caliber skills for
Choosing to study for an MBA in the UK is a giant
step towards investing in your future employability by enhancing your
range of management skills.
The MBA is designed for well-qualified
managers who wish to add value to their practical experience by gaining an
in-depth understanding of up-to-date approaches to management and its
As a result, your educational experience will be
enriched by studying with high-caliber students.
The persistent concern to increase
councilor caliber through reorganization makes it equally clear that the
essential object of reorganization has been to make local government more
functional … by restructuring it...
After the next election, there will
be 80 or 90 women of remarkably high caliber on the Labor side.
just that there aren't enough sufficiently high caliber members in the
party's lower ranks.
We must make sure that the Communists play the
leading role in the organs of political power, and therefore the Party
members who occupy one-third of the places must be of high caliber. This
will be enough to ensure the Party's leadership...