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中国2010年千万人将失业
[ 2006-11-10 14:37 ]

11月8日,国务院批转《劳动和社会保障事业发展“十一五”规划纲要》。《纲要》预测,到2010年,城镇新增劳动力供给5000万人,而从需求情况看,劳动力就业岗位预计只能新增4000万个,这将意味着届时将有1000万人失业。纲要同时指出,未来几年我国城市登记失业率力证控制在5%以下。

 

 

About 10 million urban residents will have difficulty finding jobs by 2010 due to pressure from the growing labour force, according to a new report. 

In a 2006-10 development outline published late Wednesday, the Ministry of Labour and Social Security said China, as the world's most populous country, will continue to be troubled by unemployment in future years.

China's labour supply is expected to top 830 million by 2010. In urban areas, an additional 50 million city residents will join the labour force by 2010, but only 40 million jobs will be created during this period.

The ministry will try to keep the country's registered urban unemployment rate below 5 per cent between 2006 and 2010 by creating job opportunities for an additional 45 million people, the report said.

The jobless rate was 4.2 per cent at the end of 2005.

Millions of other jobs will also have to be created to accommodate an additional 45 million rural migrant workers who have been encouraged to leave rural areas to reduce the labour surplus in the countryside, the outline said.

The current number of migrant workers is estimated at 150 million, or 11.5 per cent of the population, nearly double that of 10 years ago.

The ministry announced late last month that 9.32 million urban Chinese had found jobs in the first nine months of the year, exceeding the target of 9 million for the entire year.

Most of the employment pressure comes from laid-off workers from State or collectively-owned businesses, an increasing number of university graduates, rural labour transfer and farmers who lost their land due to industrial development or urbanization.

According to the outline, the government will continue to encourage and support the private sector and boost the development of labour-intensive industries, service industries and small and medium-sized businesses.

(China Daily)

Vocabulary:
 

labour force: 劳动力

registered urban unemployment rate: 城市登记失业率

(英语点津陈蓓编辑)

 
 
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