影片对白 Of the many suburban
rituals, none is quite so cherished as the neighborhood yard sale. The shoppers
come to sift through the discarded belongings of someone they don't really know,
in the hopes of finding bargains they don't really need, each so determined to
save a few pennies, they often miss hidden treasures.
As early as the 1780s, businessmen realized they needed a commercial and
trade organization to represent their interests in the wider community.
Voluntary associations of local business leaders, usually culled from the
service professions, chambers of commerce consider a wide variety of business,
cultural, and community challenges. In addition to leadership development and
fraternal aspects, chambers of commerce often focus on issues that directly
involve local business leaders, such as zoning ordinances, property taxes,
commercial development, and public relations efforts at promoting the business
interests of the local area.
Chambers of commerce in the United States are modeled after similar
organizations in England. Many chambers in older American cities evolved from
two preceding associations: the Board of Trade and the Civic Association. While
most chambers tackle a broad range of interests, many still cling to their roots
and heavily promote trade and civic interests. Chambers of commerce also have an
emphasis on charity work and raise money for the local community.
In 1912, a group of business leaders from local and regional chambers and
trade associations founded the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. These
leaders realized that they needed an organization in Washington, D.C., that
would represent their interests regarding public policy issues. In 1926, they
built a headquarters in the nation's capital in a building designed by the
famous architect Cass Gilbert. By 1929, the chamber had more than 16,000
affiliated business organizations. The group worked closely with the government
during World War I, organizing more than 400 War Service Committees to help
coordinate business involvement in the war effort. The group remained supportive
of the government until the New Deal. Like other business interests, they
challenged President Franklin D. Roosevelt's policies, particularly over social
security and public welfare. However, during World War II, the chamber once
again rallied to aid the nation's efforts. After the war, the chamber once again
fought expansion of the federal government and became a powerful lobbying force.
In 2002 there were 3 million businesses represented by the chamber,
consisting of 3,000 state and local chambers, more than 800 business
associations, and ninety-two American chambers of commerce overseas. Keeping
with its tradition of representing local business leaders, 96 percent of its
members were small businesses with 100 or fewer employees.
1. I thought he could use a change of scenery, so I sent him to stay with
2. How'd you get the fat lip?
3. Marriage takes work!
Desperate Housewives 1《绝望主妇》1（精讲之五）
Don't bat your eyes at that guy. He'll just blow
This is the new project plan. No more
You look beautiful in the form-fitting