This is the VOA Special English Economics
Peter Drucker, who died a year ago, was an expert on the ways of
modern organizations. He was someone who truly earned the name of "management
guru." He liked to share his
knowledge not by answering questions but by asking them.
Peter Drucker once said business people must ask themselves not "what do we
want to sell?" but "what do people want to buy?"
He taught at the Claremont Graduate School of Management in California for
more than 30 years. He also advised companies. And he wrote for the Wall
Street Journal opinion page for twenty years, until 1995. He commented on many
economic and management issues.
Peter Drucker was born in Austria in 1909. In the late 1920s, he worked as a
reporter in Frankfurt, Germany. He also studied international law.
He fled Germany as Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933. Peter Drucker spent
four years in Britain as an adviser to investment banks. He then came to the
He used his knowledge of international law to advise American businesses. He
developed this advice into books on business methods and management.
In the middle of the 1940s, Peter Drucker argued that the desire for profit
was central to business efforts. He also warned that rising wages were harming
He was later invited to study General Motors. He wrote about his experiences
in the book "The Concept of the Corporation." In it, he said that workers at all
levels should take part in decision-making, not just top managers.
Peter Drucker was a voice for change and new ways of thinking about social
and business relations. He used terms like "knowledge workers" and "management
goals." Many of his ideas have become highly valued in business training and
Some people said he often only presented information that supported his
arguments. But even his critics praised his clear reasoning.
Yet as times changed, so did his thinking. In 1993, he warned that a business
that seeks too much profit helps its competitors.
Peter Drucker lived a long life. He died on November 11 of last year at
his home in Claremont. He was 95 years old.
And that's the VOA Special English Economics Report, written by Mario Ritter.
To learn more about business thinking, and to download MP3 files and transcripts
of our reports, go to www.unsv.com. I'm Faith Lapidus.
guru : a recognized leader
in a field（权威；领袖）