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卫生部:30年间中国儿童平均增高6厘米
[ 2006-12-31 09:53 ]

一项最新研究显示:我国儿童生长发育水平20年来有明显提高,并呈现逐年加快的趋势。我国儿童30年平均长高6厘米,并且还会继续增长。不过,调查结果也反映出了儿童生长发育方面值得关注的问题:一是城乡差异仍然存在,农村儿童的生长发育水平仍然低于城市儿童;二是中西部地区部分农村,营养不良仍然是影响儿童生长发育和健康的主要原因;三是城市中儿童超重和肥胖呈快速上升的趋势。

 

 

China as a nation has grown in stature since unleashing its economy more than two decades ago but so have its people, who are getting taller, Xinhua News Agency reported.

Chinese children are an average 6 cm (2.34 inches) taller and roughly 3 kg (6.6 pounds) heavier than they were 30 years ago, Xinhua said, citing a report released by the Ministry of Health on Saturday.

The average height of six-year-old boys grew from 112.3 centimeters in 1975 to 118.7 cm, according to the survey conducted in 2005.

Girls averaged 117.7 cm tall, 6.2 cm more than in 1975, the survey said. The survey has been conducted every 10 years since 1975.

China's people suffered from decades of privation, but have seen incomes and nutrition blossom more recently.

The survey polled 138,775 children in urban and suburban areas of nine major cities, including Beijing and Shanghai.

The average weight of boys in 2005 was 21.7 kg, up 3 kg from 1975, while girls averaged 20.8 kg -- 2.7 kgs heavier, Xinhua said.

Being better fed has brought problems, however, including an alarming rise in obesity -- once unheard of in China -- and related illnesses such as diabetes.

Health officials have blamed the problem on reduced consumption of grains and vegetables in favor of more fatty junk foods.

Saturday's report pointed out some adjustments made necessary by China's growth spurt, including Beijing's move this year to raise the height under which children get free public bus rides.

Despite the better nutrition in cities, countless children in China's still-backward rural areas suffered from malnutrition, the report noted.

(Agencies)

Vocabulary:

stature:height(身高,身材)

nutrition:营养

obesity:肥胖

junk food:垃圾食品

(英语点津陈蓓编辑)

 
 
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