[ 2007-04-23 18:35 ]
the way we do things in this country - quietly, with dignity. It's what the rest
of the world has always admired us for.
4. Attend to
"照顾"的意思，例如：She attends to the old lady in the wheelchair.
此外，attend to 还表示"专心，注意"，例如：Attend to your duties, please.
5. In favour of
意为"in support of 支持"，例如：I am in favour of higher pay.
皇家头衔和称谓 Royal styles and
The style His Majesty or Her Majesty (HM) is
enjoyed by a King, a Queen (regnant), a Queen consort, and a former Queen
consort (a Queen Dowager or a Queen Mother).
Use of the style His Royal Highness
or Her Royal Highness (HRH) and the titular dignity of Prince or Princess are
governed by Letters Patent issued by King George V on 30 November1917 (published
in the London Gazette on 11 December 1917). These Letters Patent state that
henceforth, only the children of the Sovereign, the children of the sons of the
Sovereign, and the eldest son of the eldest son of The Prince of Wales would
"have and at all times hold and enjoy the style, title or attribute of Royal
Highness with their titular dignity of Prince or Princess prefixed to their
respective Christian names or with their other titles of honour." They further
state, "the grandchildren of the sons of any such Sovereign in the direct male
line (save only the eldest living son of the eldest son of the Prince of Wales)
shall have the style and title enjoyed by the children of Dukes."
Under these conventions, The Queen's children and the children of The Prince
of Wales and The Duke of York are titled Princes or Princesses and styled Royal
Highness. Likewise, The Duke of Gloucester, The Duke of Kent, Princess
Alexandra, the Hon. Lady Ogilvy, and Prince Michael of Kent enjoy the titular
dignity of Prince or Princess and the style Royal Highness as male-line
grandchildren of King George V. However, none of their children has a royal
title. For example, the children of Prince Michael of Kent are known as Lord
Frederick Windsor and Lady Gabriella Windsor (the courtesy titles as children of
dukes). They are not entitled to any royal title. The children of The Princess
Royal, Princess Alexandra, and the late Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon,
are not entitled to any royal title since princesses do not transmit their
titles to their children unless they are the heiress presumptive. Princess
Margaret's son enjoys the courtesy title Viscount Linley as the son and heir of
the Earl of Snowdon, while her daughter enjoys the courtesy title Lady. The
children of the Princess Royal and Princess Alexandra have no titles, because
Captain Mark Philips and Sir Angus Ogilvy do not hold hereditary peerages.
Women marrying sons and male-line grandsons of a Sovereign are normally
styled Her Royal Highness followed by the feminised version of her husband's
highest title. The wives of royal peers are known as "HRH The Duchess of ..." or
" HRH The Countess of ..." Thus, the wives of the Duke of Kent, the Duke of
Gloucester, and the Earl of Wessex are "HRH The Duchess of Kent," "HRH The
Duchess of Gloucester," and "HRH The Countess of Wessex," respectively. Before
her divorce, the late Diana, Princess of Wales enjoyed the title and style of
"HRH The Princess of Wales." However, when a woman marries a prince who does not
hold a peerage, she is known as HRH Princess [Her husband's Christian name],
followed by whatever territorial or titular designation. For example, the former
Baroness Marie-Christine von Reibnitz enjoys the title and style of "HRH
Princess Michael of Kent," and not "HRH Princess Marie-Christine of Kent."
Similarly, the former Birgitte Eva van Deurs was titled "HRH Princess Richard of
Gloucester" from her wedding until her husband succeeded to his father's Dukedom
in 1974. The widows of princes remain HRH. However, under Queen Elizabeth II's
21 August 1996 Letters Patent, a divorced wife of a Prince of the United Kingdom
of Great Britain and Ireland "shall not be entitled to hold and enjoy the style,
title or attribute of Royal Highness."
There has been one exception to the convention that wives of princes take
their husband's rank. In Letters Patent dated 28 May 1937, King George VI
specifically denied the style HRH to the wife of the Duke of Windsor, the former
King Edward VIII. Therefore, the former Wallis Warfield Simpson was known as
"Her Grace The Duchess of Windsor," not "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of
It should also be noted due a reluctance by the public to universally support
the second wife of The Prince of Wales, it has been announced by Clarence House
that should The Prince of Wales become King, that his wife HRH The Duchess of
Cornwall will not be known as HM The Queen but will take the lesser title of HRH
The Princess Consort. Out of respect for the late Diana, Princess of Wales, it
was also announced that HRH The Duchess of Cornwall would not be known as HRH
The Princess of Wales.