Ancient man, living in colder climates, is credited with making the
first shoes, by adding material to the top of the crude "sandals" his neighbors
in warmer climates had invented. He did so out of necessity, to give his feet
additional protection from the cold.
Early man, in warmer climates, invented the sandal to protect his feet from
sharp rocks, and did so by strapping a mat of woven grass, a strip of animal
hide, or a slab of flat wood to his feet with "thongs" he cut out of animal
hide. Some even pulled the thongs between the toes and tied them around the
ankles to tighten the fit of these crude sandals.
Wealthy ancient Egyptians wore sandals as long as 5,000 years ago, eventually
everyone began wearing them, and the Egyptians designed different shoes for
different purposes. For example, some of the sandals were make with upturned
toes to give the wearer additional protection. These improvements upon the
sandal created a need for shoemakers, and the ancient Egyptians became the first
shoemakers in the world.
Ancient Greeks invented the boot, by replacing the sandal's thongs
with solid leather. Many of these crude shoes have endured and are still worn
today. Common examples include the sandals the ancient Greeks and Romans wore,
the moccasins American Indians wore, and the
clogs people in Holland still wear.
In the Middle Ages, around the time the Crusades began, modern shoes appeared
on the scene. The Crusaders, who went on long
treks, needed durable, comfortable shoes that people then began
making for this purpose.
Eventually, the styles and types of shoes made became a fashion statement, at
the cost of comfort, instead of protective footwear. Fashion trends rapidly
changed, and the fashionable, uncomfortable shoes with pointed, six-inch toes,
gave way to another uncomfortable shoe known as the high heel.
In 1629, a shoemaker by the name of Thomas Beard, arrived in America on the
second voyage of the Mayflower, opened a shop in which he could practice his
trade, and sparked of our modern shoe industry.
(来源: coolquiz.com 英语点津 Annabel 编辑)