um, Uncle Frank didn't really have an accident. What happened was he...tried to
Proust scholar VS MacArthur
1. Proust scholar
A Proust scholar is someone who has devoted his or
her life's work to studying the 20th century French author Marcel Proust.
Proust's chef d'oeuvre is a work in seven volumes collectively entitled The
Remembrance of Things Past. A Proust scholar will probably focus his/her
attention on this work, but will also be interested in Proust's life and lesser
works of fiction.
The Remembrance of Things Past itself is fodder for a life's worth of study.
Written over a span of 13 years, from 1909 to the end of Proust's life in 1922,
the novel offers a thoughtful look into the social and political changes in
France during the latter part of the 19th century. The novel features over 2,000
characters and deals with such themes as the nature of memory, the conflict
between art and society, homosexuality, World War I, the rise of the middle
class and the decline of the aristocracy. Much of the work is autobiographical,
so studying Proust's life offers significant insight into the novel. Proust is
also known for his long, elaborate sentences and sensory descriptions.
A Proust scholar works at an institution of higher education and will
probably begin his study with an undergraduate course in a related but broader
field, such as French literature. Progression to a Master's Degree and Doctorate
is mandatory to become a scholar of this sort. In addition to individual study
and work with colleagues, a Proust scholar will most likely teach some graduate
and/or undergraduate courses and work with grad students developing their
A Proust scholar is a very specialized type of academic, as he/she focuses on
the life and work of a single author. However, the study of Proust has many
connections to various fields of study, such as French and European history,
human sexuality, psychology, and philosophy. A Proust scholar may choose to
focus on one or a few of these areas or may try to synthesize many of them.
2. MacArthur Foundation
Macarthur Foundation, formally known as The John
D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, is a private general-purpose
foundation created in 1978 and headquartered in Chicago. At the time of his
death, John D. MacArthur (1897-1978) was one of the three wealthiest men in
America and the owner of the nation's largest privately held insurance company,
Bankers Life and Casualty Company. Catherine T. MacArthur (1909- 1981) worked
closely with her husband and was a director of the Foundation until her death.
One of the nation's ten largest foundations, the MacArthur Foundation's
assets are around $4 billion and it distributes approximately $180 million in
grants annually. It is organized into four divisions: Human and Community
Development, focused on public education, juvenile justice, mental health policy
and neighborhood development, with special emphasis upon Chicago and Florida;
Global Security and Sustainability, with grants for conservation, international
peace, population and reproductive health, with special initiatives in Russia,
south Asia and sub-Saharan Africa; the General Program, which provides
institutional grants to such organizations as National Public Radio; and the
controversial MacArthur Fellows Program, which awards between twenty and forty
five-year fellowships, or "genius grants," of around $500,000 to "talented
persons" who "show exceptional merit and promise of continued and enhanced
creative work." The Foundation has field offices in Florida, Mexico, Brazil,
Nigeria, India, and Russia.
在这个片段里，舅舅向 Olive 解释他为什么会自杀。爸爸开始不同意舅舅说，认为这不是一个能向7岁的孩子解释的事情，但妈妈坚持，因为 Olive
1. Mainly, though, I fell in love with someone who didn't love me back.
2. I was very much in love with him.
Little Miss Sunshine《阳光小美女》（精讲之一） 考考你 参考答案
Painting blindfolded, that's far out.
The owner kicked them out of the restaurant for being
loud and disorderly.
We need to check on his work
from time to time.