In this chapter you learned how to define a cohesive
A cohesive paragraph is a group of sentences related to one
another by a single idea or subject.
You also looked at
topic sentences, which
summarise the main idea and
help the reader predict what the
chapter is about
supporting sentences, which
expand or develop the main idea
explain, eg identify
causes, effects or reasons
provide specific details
link sentences together
show the relationship between
help the reader move quickly between
Everything you have learned in this chapter will help you
to write cohesive paragraphs when you revise your documents.
There are two summary exercises in this
In the first exercise, you're going to practise writing a
SUMMARY EXERCISE 1
Write a short paragraph about
The benefits of traveller's cheques when travelling
You will need to think of a topic sentence and two or three
supporting sentences. You should also use some transitions.
Look at the following suggested answer:
When travelling overseas, traveller's cheques are much
safer than cash. First, traveller's cheques cannot be used by someone else.
Second, they are protected against loss or theft.
The first topic sentence introduces the main idea:
"Traveller's cheques are much safer than cash". The second and third sentences
provide reasons that support this idea: "Traveller's cheques cannot be used by
someone else." and "They are protected against loss or theft". The transitions
show the sequence of the reasons.
SUMMARY EXERCISE 2: LETTER TO MR PERRY
In Chapter 3 you drafted a letter to Mr Perry. Then you
revised it for completeness.
In this exercise, you'll revise the letter to Mr Perry
again. This time, you'll try to make the paragraphs cohesive.
To do this exercise, you'll need the letter which you
revised in Chapter 3.
Check the cohesiveness of each paragraph.
If a paragraph is cohesive, it has
a short topic sentence which
summarises the main idea
1-5 supporting sentences which are
related to the main idea
transitions which link the sentences
If a paragraph doesn't have any of these, you need to
revise it to make it cohesive.
You should write your revision on a piece of
When you finish revising the paragraphs in your letter to
Mr Perry, keep both the "first draft" and this "second revision". You'll need
them in Chapters 5 - 6 and 8.
You've now completed Chapter 4!
In this chapter you continued to look at the fourth stage
of the Writing Process: Revise
So, now you know how to
1) define a cohesive paragraph and
2) write cohesive paragraphs which include
a topic sentence
supporting sentences and
In the next chapter, you'll continue to learn how to revise
your documents. You'll find out how to revise your sentences so they are clear
See you there!
（来源：中国物流论坛 实习生江巍 英语点津 Annabel 编辑）