November 17, 2009
At the invitation of President Hu Jintao of the People's Republic ofChina, President Barack Obama of the United States of America is payinga state visit to China from November 15-18, 2009. The Presidents heldin-depth, productive and candid discussions on U.S.-China relations andother issues of mutual interest. They highlighted the substantialprogress in U.S.-China relations over the past 30 years since the establishment of diplomatic ties, and they reached agreement to advanceU.S.-China relations in the new era. President Obama will have separate meetings with Wu Bangguo, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress and Premier Wen Jiabao. President Obama also spoke with and answered questions from Chinese youth.
I. The U.S.-China Relationship
The United States and China agreed that regular exchanges between leaders of the two countries are essential to the long-term, sound, and steady growth of U.S.-China relations. The two sides are of the view that the three meetings between the two presidents and other important bilateral exchanges this year have strengthened relations. President Obama invited President Hu to make a visit to the United States next year, and President Hu accepted the invitation with pleasure. Leaders of the two countries will continue to maintain close communication through mutual visits, meetings, telephone conversations and correspondence.
The United States and China spoke highly of the important role ofthe U.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue and recognized that the Dialogue offers a unique forum to promote understanding, expand common ground, reduce differences, and develop solutions to common problems. Both sides believed that the first round of the Dialogue held in Washington, D.C., in July this year was a fruitful one and agreed to honor in good faith the commitments made and hold the second round in Beijing in the summer of 2010. The two sides agreed that they will continue to use the direct communication links among senior leaders to maintain timely communication on major and sensitive issues,institutionalize the annual exchange of visits by the two foreign ministers and encourage senior officials of other departments of the two countries to exchange visits on a regular basis.
The United States and China commended the outcomes of the visit to the United States by General Xu Caihou, Vice Chairman of the Chinese Central Military Commission, in October this year, and stated that they will take concrete steps to advance sustained and reliable military-to-military relations in the future. The two sides will prepare for the visit to the United States by General Chen Bingde,Chief of the General Staff of China's People's Liberation Army, and the visits to China by Robert Gates, the U.S. Secretary of Defense, and Admiral Michael Mullen, Chairman of the U.S. Joint Chiefs of Staff. The two sides will actively implement various exchange and cooperation programs agreed between the two militaries, including by increasing the level and frequency of exchanges. The goal of these efforts is to improve their capabilities for practical cooperation and foster greater understanding of each other's intentions and of the international security environment.
The United States and China agreed to deepen counter-terrorism consultation and cooperation on an equal and mutually beneficial basisand to strengthen law-enforcement cooperation. They agreed to exchange evidence and intelligence on law enforcement issues in a timely and reciprocal manner. The two countries will undertake joint investigations and provide investigative assistance on cases of mutualinterest. The United States and China will strengthen cooperation on criminal investigations and deepen collaboration in combating embezzlement as well as in counter-narcotics and pre-cursor chemical control and in combating unlawful migration. They also will boost joint efforts to combat transnational crime and criminal organizations as well as money laundering and the financing of terrorism including counterfeiting and recovery of illicit funds. They will work to combat smuggling and human trafficking.
The United States reaffirmed its support for Expo 2010 Shanghai.
The United States and China applauded the rich achievements inscientific and technological cooperation and exchanges between the two countries over the past 30 years since the signing of the U.S.-China Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology andagreed to further upgrade the level of exchanges and cooperation inscientific and technological innovation through the U.S.-China Joint Commission on Science and Technology Cooperation.
The United States and China look forward to expanding discussions onspace science cooperation and starting a dialogue on human space flightand space exploration, based on the principles of transparency,reciprocity and mutual benefit. Both sides welcome reciprocal visitsof the NASA Administrator and the appropriate Chinese counterpart in2010.
The United States and China agreed to strengthen their cooperation on civil aviation, and confirmed their intent to expand the Memorandum of Agreement for Technical Cooperation in the field of Civil Aviationbetween the Federal Aviation Administration of the United States of America and the Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC). The two sides welcomed cooperation by public and private bodies on the development of high speed railway infrastructure.
The United States and China undertook to implement the newly signed Memorandum of Understanding Between the Department of Agriculture of the United States of America and the Ministry of Agriculture of the People's Republic of China on Cooperation in Agriculture and Related Fields.
The two countries agreed to collaborate further in joint research inthe health sector including on stem cells. They will deepen cooperation on global public health issues, including Influenza A(H1N1) prevention, surveillance, reporting and control, and on avianinfluenza, HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. They will also enhance cooperation on food and product safety and quality.
The United States and China underlined that each country and itspeople have the right to choose their own path, and all countries should respect each other's choice of a development model. Both sidesrecognized that the United States and China have differences on the issue of human rights. Addressing these differences in the spirit ofequality and mutual respect, as well as promoting and protecting human rights consistent with international human rights instruments, the twosides agreed to hold the next round of the official human rightsdialogue in Washington D.C. by the end of February 2010. The United States and China agreed that promoting cooperation in the field of lawand exchanges on the rule of law serves the interests and needs of thecitizens and governments of both countries. The United States and China decided to convene the U.S.-China Legal Experts Dialogue at anearly date.
The two countries noted the importance of people-to-people and cultural exchanges in fostering closer U.S.-China bilateral relations and therefore agreed in principle to establish a new bilateralmechanism to facilitate these exchanges. The two sides are pleased tonote the continued increase in the number of students studying in eachother's country in recent years. Nearly 100,000 Chinese are nowstudying in the United States, and the U.S. side will receive moreChinese students and facilitate visa issuance for them. The UnitedStates has approximately 20,000 students in China. The United States seeks to encourage more Americans to study in China by launching a new initiative to send 100,000 students to China over the coming fouryears. China welcomed this decision by the United States. The twosides agreed to expedite negotiations to renew in 2010 the Implementing Accord for Cultural Exchange for the Period Through 2010-2012 under theCultural Agreement Between the Government of the United States ofAmerica and the Government of the People's Republic of China. TheUnited States and China agreed to jointly hold the Second U.S.-ChinaCultural Forum in the United States at an appropriate time.
II. Building and Deepening Bilateral Strategic Trust
The United States and China are of the view that in the 21stcentury, global challenges are growing, countries are moreinterdependent, and the need for peace, development, and cooperation isincreasing. The United States and China have an increasingly broadbase of cooperation and share increasingly important commonresponsibilities on many major issues concerning global stability andprosperity. The two countries should further strengthen coordinationand cooperation, work together to tackle challenges, and promote worldpeace, security and prosperity.
The two countries believe that to nurture and deepen bilateralstrategic trust is essential to U.S.-China relations in the new era. During their discussions, the Chinese side said that it resolutelyfollows the path of peaceful development and a win-win strategy ofopening-up, and is committed to promoting the building of a harmoniousworld of enduring peace and common prosperity. The United Statesreiterated that it welcomes a strong, prosperous and successful Chinathat plays a greater role in world affairs. The United States statedthat it is committed to working with other countries in addressing themost difficult international problems they face. China welcomes theUnited States as an Asia-Pacific nation that contributes to peace,stability and prosperity in the region. The two sides reiterated thatthey are committed to building a positive, cooperative andcomprehensive U.S.-China relationship for the 21st century, and willtake concrete actions to steadily build a partnership to address commonchallenges.
The United States and China underscored the importance of the Taiwanissue in U.S.-China relations. China emphasized that the Taiwan issueconcerns China's sovereignty and territorial integrity, and expressedthe hope that the United States will honor its relevant commitments andappreciate and support the Chinese side's position on this issue. TheUnited States stated that it follows its one China policy and abides bythe principles of the three U.S.-China joint communiqués. The UnitedStates welcomes the peaceful development of relations across the TaiwanStrait and looks forward to efforts by both sides to increase dialoguesand interactions in economic, political, and other fields, and developmore positive and stable cross-Strait relations.
The two countries reiterated that the fundamental principle ofrespect for each other's sovereignty and territorial integrity is atthe core of the three U.S.-China joint communiqués which guideU.S.-China relations. Neither side supports any attempts by any forceto undermine this principle. The two sides agreed that respecting eachother's core interests is extremely important to ensure steady progressin U.S.-China relations.
The United States and China believe that bilateral cooperation oncommon global challenges will contribute to a more prosperous andsecure world. They reaffirmed their commitment made on 27 June 1998not to target at each other the strategic nuclear weapons under theirrespective control. The two sides believed that the two countries havecommon interests in promoting the peaceful use of outer space and agreeto take steps to enhance security in outer space. The two sides agreedto discuss issues of strategic importance through such channels as theU.S.-China Strategic and Economic Dialogue and military-to-militaryexchanges.
The United States and China agreed to handle through existingchannels of consultations and dialogue military security and maritimeissues in keeping with norms of international law and on the basis ofrespecting each other's jurisdiction and interests.