This is the VOA Special English Agriculture Report.
Carrots are grown on farms and in family gardens
throughout the world. Carrots are easy to raise and easy to harvest. They taste
good. And they contain a lot of carotene
, which the body changes into vitamin A.
When people think of carrots, they usually picture in their mind a vegetable
that is long, thin and orange in color. But carrots come in many different sizes
and shapes. And not all carrots are orange.
For example, Paris Market
carrots are about five centimeters around. Imperator carrots are thin and about
twenty-five centimeters long. And Belgian White carrots are, as their name
For the best results, carrots should be grown in sandy soil that does not
hold water for a long time. The soil also should have no rocks.
To prepare your carrot garden, dig up the soil, loosen it and turn it over.
Then, mix in some plant material or animal fertilizer.
Weather, soil conditions and age will affect the way carrots taste. Experts
say warm days, cool nights and a medium soil temperature are the best conditions
for growing carrots that taste great.
Carrots need time to develop their full sugar content. This gives them their
taste. If they are harvested too early, they will not have enough sugar. But
carrots loose their sweetness if you wait too long to remove them from the
The best way to judge if a carrot is ready to be harvested is by its color.
Usually, the brighter the color, the better the taste.
Most people do not know that carrots can be grown during the winter months.
If the winter is not cold enough to freeze the ground, you can grow and harvest
carrots the same way as during the summer months.
If the ground does freeze in your part of the world, simply cover your carrot
garden with a thick layer of leaves or straw. This will prevent the ground from
freezing. You can remove the ground cover and harvest the carrots as they are
Carrots are prepared and eaten many different ways. They
are cut in thin pieces and added to other vegetables. They are cooked by
themselves or added to stews
. Or, once they are washed, they are eaten just as they come out of the
With the VOA Special English Agriculture Report, I'm
Steve Ember. Transcripts and archives of our reports are at
voaspecialenglish.com. And our e-mail address is email@example.com.