President Bush is showing support for the
government of Indonesia, the nation with the world's largest Muslim
population and a key ally in the war on terror. During the six-hour visit
to the hill town of Bogor, Mr. Bush conferred with Indonesian President
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono.
They met Monday in a presidential palace in Bogor - a scenic town about
60 kilometers from Jakarta.
The talks ended with words of
cooperation from the American and Indonesian leaders. But the warm welcome
Mr. Bush got at the presidential palace was not matched in the streets of
Indonesia. In Bogor and elsewhere, there were protests against the
Indonesia is a country with a democratic government, and practices a
mostly moderate form of Islam. But there is anger here over U.S. policy in
Iraq and Afghanistan, and a perceived American bias in favor of Israel.
President Bush has been portrayed by some here as anti-Islam.
Mr. Bush tried to put the protests in the most positive light, saying
they were a sign of a vibrant democracy.
"I applaud a society where people are free to come and express their
opinion," he said. "And it is to Indonesia's credit that it is a society
where people are able to protest and say what they think."
He called Indonesia an example of how democracy and modernization can
present an alternative to extremism. Mr. Bush said President Yudhoyono
understands the power of democracy and knows it is a universal right.
"Your democracy is making Indonesia strong and better able to play a
positive role in Southeast Asia and the world," he said.
During a session with reporters, President Bush defended his policies
in Iraq and elsewhere in the Middle East. He was asked at one point if
more U.S. troops might be needed in Iraq. Mr. Bush said he is getting a
lot of advice about Iraq, but cautioned that no decisions are imminent.
"I haven't made any decisions about troop increases or troop decreases,
and won't, until I hear from a variety of sources," said Mr. Bush.
For his part, President Yudhoyono said he favors a multi-facetted
approach to ending the conflict in Iraq. He said there must be an emphasis
on national reconciliation and bolstering the young Iraqi government. And,
he stressed that any long-term solution depends on the ability of other
countries to step in and help.
"We have to involve other parties," he said. "We have to probably
deploy and employ a new set-up of security forces in parallel with,
someday at a proper timetable, the disengagement of U.S. military
forces and coalition forces from Iraq."
In addition to Iraq, the talks at the Bogor Palace covered a wide range
of issues, including North Korea, the search for an end to the
Israeli-Palestinian dispute and the development of alternative fuels.
Mr. Bush came to Indonesia Monday from Vietnam, where he attended the
Asia-Pacific economic summit in Hanoi, and met with business leaders and
medical researchers in Ho Chi Minh City.