您现在的位置: > Language Tips > Audio & Video > Special Speed News  
 





 
Dealing with children's bed-wetting
[ 2006-12-06 09:08 ]

This is the VOA Special English Health Report.


Many parents wish children were born with directions. Raising children is a complex job -- many would say the most complex there is.

So, from time to time, we are going to present information for parents. We will deal with subjects like diet and common childhood sickness. We will also talk about behavioral problems and other issues. And we will ask for questions to answer on the air.

Today we start with a common problem: bed-wetting. The American Academy of Pediatrics says about 40 percent of preschool-age children urinate in their sleep.

In most cases, children outgrow it. The academy says 20 percent of five-year-olds and ten percent of six-year-olds wet their bed. By the age of twelve, that number drops to three percent.

The National Institutes of Health says experts are not sure what causes bed-wetting. The most likely causes, the experts say, include slower physical development and overproduction of urine at night.

Smaller bladders fill more quickly. And some bodies take longer to develop the warning system between the brain and the bladder. Some children may not receive the message to wake up when they need to urinate.

Urologic and kidney experts at the National Institutes of Health also say some children may not produce enough antidiuretic hormone. The body usually produces more of this hormone at night so less urine is produced during sleep. The bladders of children who produce lesser amounts of antidiuretic hormone are more likely to fill up while they sleep.

Experts say feeling nervous and worried can sometimes lead children to wet the bed. Genetics may also play a part. Researchers say some family genes appear to be involved in bed-wetting.

Children sometimes think they are bad because they wet the bed. Parents may get angry. Or they may feel guilty, like they have done something wrong. Doctors say it is important to know that how a parent reacts could affect a child's self-image. We will talk more about the subject of bed-wetting next week. We will talk about different ways that doctors suggest to deal with it.

And that's the VOA Special English Health Report, written by Caty Weaver. You can download MP3 files and transcripts of our reports at voaspecialenglish.com. And to send us questions, write to special@voanews.com. Please be sure to include your name and where you are writing from. I'm Mario Ritter.



bed-wetting  : 尿床

outgrow  : to lose or discard in the course of maturation(在成熟过程中逐渐失去)

bladder  : 膀胱


点击进入更多VOA慢速


(来源:VOA  英语点津姗姗编辑)

 
 
相关文章 Related Stories
 
Cancer drugs save children's lives but have risks Efforts needed to protect children againt polio
         
 
 
 
 
 
         

 

 

 
 
  有声词典
 

48小时内最热门

     

本频道最新推荐

     
  Dealing with children's bed-wetting
  守在你身旁:By your side
  Bush meets with Iraqi Shi'ite leader
  Explore wonderful West Virginia
  《绝望主妇》1(精讲之四)

论坛热贴

     
  福娃英文名更改,为何事先不考虑好?
  男扮女装,女扮男装?
  请教高人:关于社保方面的词汇
  评头论足之妙语连篇
  常用英语口语1000句
  翻译:老乡见老乡,两眼泪汪汪