影片对白 Not to
be rude or anything, but this isn't a great time for me to have a house-elf in
A house-elf is a fictional magical creature in the Harry Potter series of
books written by J. K. Rowling. They are small humanoids - though markedly
different from humans - that spend their lives serving one family, institution,
etc. Unless they are set free, their descendants will carry on their tasks. The
race has no real culture of its own and exists only to serve. Their usefulness
makes them status symbols of a sort, while their subservience guarantees their
status as second-class citizens in the wizarding world.
House-elves appear tied to particular houses or
families; however it is not entirely clear whether they choose to inhabit
certain houses and to serve whoever lives in them, or whether they are somehow
bonded to the families themselves. Ron Weasley comments that he wished his
family were rich enough to afford a house with a house-elf, implying that they
come with the house (and suggesting that they are, in essence, the wizard
equivalent of "mod-cons" (modern conveniences)); however, in Harry Potter and
the Goblet of Fire, a freed house-elf is asked to find a nice family, suggesting
that it is the family, rather than the house, to which a house-elf is tied.
Certainly, generations of house-elves have been shown to serve single families,
but that may be due to the family living in the same house for all that time.
House-elves wear things like pillowcases and tea cozies, because they are not
allowed clothes. If a house-elf's master were to give him any clothing, even a
single sock, the elf would be free to leave his family forever. At the end of
Chamber of Secrets, Harry tricks Lucius Malfoy into freeing his house-elf,
Dobby. Most house-elves would be offended if given clothes, for it would mean
that they had failed to properly serve their masters, but some (like Dobby)
enjoy being free. However, Dobby still doesn't want to be paid too much (in
Goblet of Fire Dobby says he turned down the salary of ten Galleons per week and
a holiday of weekends off in favor of one Galleon per week and a day off every
month, expressing pride that he had "beaten Dumbledore down" from the more
House-elves possess their own form of powerful magic, distinct from that used
by wizards and witches, which they generally use to serve their masters. Among
other things, this magic allows house-elves to instantly travel places, in a
manner similar to apparition, but the house-elves are able to do this within
Hogwarts, even though normal apparition is impossible there. Rowling has
confirmed that the House-elves apparition is not alike to the way wizards and
witches apparate so house-elves can apparate freely in Hogwarts.
As a consequence of their small stature,
house-elves can become intoxicated by drinking Butterbeer; human wizards
(including children), by contrast, have not been shown to experience any
intoxication further than 'warmth'.
J. K. Rowling's characterisation of a house-elf owes a lot to the legends of
brownies, and also to the traditional figure of a hobgoblin, a half-tamed,
amusing but tricksy goblin of the hearth (the "hob"), often euphemistically
called "Robin Goodfellow" or Puck.