影片对白 A real
loser is somebody that's so afraid of not winning, they don't even
Beauty contest: an
A beauty contest, or beauty pageant, is a competition based mainly, though
not always entirely, on the physical beauty of its contestants. Almost
invariably, competitions for men and women are separate events, and those for
men are not referred to as beauty contests. Beauty contests for women are more
common, and winners are called beauty queens. Beauty contests for men, like Mr.
Universe, are more likely to be "body building" contests-quite unlike the
traditional "beauty contest" in which women are judged upon many attributes both
physical and otherwise. However, in the 1990s, male "beauty contests" began to
shift focus. Instead of only considering muscle mass, the competitions began to
judge the natural physical attributes of the contestants as well as their
physiques. These include Mr. World and Manhunt International.
There are also beauty contests for
children. These events are often controversial, particularly when children are
dressed provocatively and described in adult terms.
|Miss Japan Riyo
Mori adjusts her crown after being crowned Miss Universe 2007 at the
National Auditorium in Mexico City May 28, 2007.
History of beauty contests
Choosing symbolic kings and queens for May Day and other festivities is an
ancient custom in Europe in which beautiful young women symbolize their nation's
virtues and other abstract ideas. The first modern American pageant was staged
by P. T. Barnum in 1854, but his beauty contest was closed down by public
protest-he previously held dog, baby, and bird beauty contests. He substituted
daguerreotypes for judging, a practice quickly adopted by newspapers. Newspapers
held photo beauty contests for many decades: In 1880, the first "Bathing Beauty
Pageant" took place as part of a summer festival to promote business in Rehoboth
Beach, Delaware. Contests became a regular part of summer beach life, with the
most elaborate contest taking place in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where the
"Fall Frolic" attracted women from many cities and towns.
The modern beauty pageant's origin is traceable to the Miss America Pageant,
which was first held in Atlantic City in 1921, under the title "Inter-City
Beauty Contest." The Miss America Pageant eventually included preliminary
eliminations, an evening gown competition, musical variety shows, and judging by
panel. Still, the contest was at first shunned by middle-class society. Pageants
did not become respectable until World War II, when "beauty queens" were
recruited to sell bonds and to entertain troops. Scholarships and talent
competitions evoked even closer scrutiny of contestants' morals and backgrounds.
Other major contests include the yearly Miss World competition (founded by
Eric Morley in 1951), Miss Universe (founded in 1952), Miss International and
Miss Earth (founded in 2001 with environmental awareness as its concern). These
are considered the Big Four pageants, the four largest and most famous
international beauty contests. Minor contests, such as the Miss Bondi contest in
Australia, are common throughout the world in the summer months. During the
1950s, pageants thrived to promote county fairs and local products. For example,
some of Raquel Welch's titles included "Miss Photogenic" and "Miss Contour."
Across the world, women from around the world participate each year in local
competitions for the chance to represent their country's international title.
|Mrs. Texas crowned