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不让孩子玩 当心长大找不到工作 Children 'need to play more to gain work skills'

中国日报网 2018-01-24 09:00

在一次大数据峰会上,马云曾预言:“如果我们继续以前的教学方法,对我们的孩子进行记、背、算这些东西,不让他们去玩,我保证30年后他们将找不到工作!”无独有偶,乐高的一名高管日前也放话说,如果不让孩子有充足的时间玩耍,孩子将缺乏未来所需的工作技能。

截图来自BBC网站

Children will lack the work skills they need in the future because they are not spending enough time playing, a Lego executive has warned.
乐高的一名高管日前警告说:“如果孩子没有充足的时间玩耍,他们将缺乏未来所需的工作技能。”

John Goodwin, head of Lego's charitable arm the Lego Foundation, says less time in the classroom and more time playing is the solution.
乐高旗下的慈善机构乐高基金会主席约翰•古德温说,应对方法是少在教室里上课,多花时间玩耍。

The foundation has a 25% stake in the Danish toy maker, giving it a vested interest in encouraging play.
该基金会拥有丹麦乐高公司25%的股权,因此该基金会鼓励玩耍可以保证它的既得利益。

Mr Goodwin is attending the World Economic Forum in Davos, the annual gathering of top business and political leaders, in a bid to persuade them of the importance of play.
古德温正在达沃斯参加世界经济论坛,在这个商界和政界大佬云集的年度大会上,古德温试图说服他们相信玩耍的重要性。

He took over running the foundation last year after a spell as Lego's chief financial officer.
在去年接手基金会之前,古德温曾做过乐高的财务总监。

He hopes the Davos elite will put pressure on governments to make education more play-based.
他希望达沃斯论坛的精英们能向政府施加压力,让教育更多地以游戏为本。

If not, he believes companies will find it increasingly difficult to hire the type of staff they need: "Critical thinking and problem solving starts in early childhood development. It's where the foundations are laid."
如果不这么做,他相信未来各公司将发现越来越难招到他们需要的人才:“批判性思维和解决问题的能力的培养始于幼儿期。这是打基础的阶段。”

Mr Goodwin said technological advances, particularly the growth of the internet, meant that knowledge itself had become obsolete.
古德温说,技术的进步,尤其是网络的发展,意味着知识本身已经过时。

Instead he said it was now more important to teach children how to learn, and work things out for themselves, with play being one way to achieve this goal.
他说,现在更重要的是教孩子如何学习,如何自己解决问题,而玩耍则是达到这一目标的一个途径。

Yet in a warning that will be familiar to many parents, the Lego Foundation chief says the "increasingly overscheduled world" of children has resulted in less time for them to do so.
但是,古德温警告说,孩子们“排得越来越满的日程”让他们玩耍的时间变少了。这一警告也是许多家长所熟知的事实。

This could have "serious long term consequences" for companies, he said.
古德温说,这将给企业带来“严重的长远后果”。

Mr Goodwin is not the first to warn about the issue: several studies have linked a drop in play with negative consequences.
古德温不是第一个就该问题提出警告的人,许多研究都曾指出玩耍时间减少引发的负面影响。

Dr Peter Gray, a US psychologist and professor at Boston College, has argued that the fact children play less has led to an increase in childhood mental disorders including anxiety and depression, as well as a decline in empathy.
美国心理学家、波士顿学院教授皮特•格雷博士指出,孩子玩耍时间减少会导致儿童期精神障碍的情况增加,包括焦虑、抑郁和同理心减弱。

"In play, children themselves must decide what to do and how, and they must solve their own problems… and thereby develop competence and confidence," he wrote recently.
格雷博士最近写道:“在玩耍过程中,孩子们自己必须决定做什么、怎么做,他们必须解决自己的问题……从而让能力和自信心得到增强。”

Architect Frank Lloyd Wright and artist Paul Klee were also strong advocates of "block play" for children, to help develop spacial awareness and imagination.
建筑师弗兰克•劳埃德•赖特和艺术家保罗•克利也都非常支持让孩子玩积木游戏,他们认为玩积木游戏可以培养空间意识和想象力。

其实在很久以前,就有一句谚语一针见血地说出了不让孩子玩的后果:
All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy. 只工作不玩耍,聪明杰克也变傻。

如果你觉得自己脑子越来越不好用,可能就是因为你玩得太少了!

英文来源:BBC
翻译&编辑:丹妮

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