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全球人均垃圾产量排行榜出炉  加拿大居首 Canada produces the most waste in the world

中国日报网 2019-07-16 13:41

如何处理垃圾是各国普遍面临的难题。最新数据显示,加拿大是世界上人均垃圾产量最多的国家,保加利亚排名第二,排在第三位的是美国。

 

A newly-built waste collection point at a residential community in Deshengmen, Xicheng district, Beijing on July 15, 2019. [Photo/IC]

The world is drowning in trash, and the waste generation rates are only increasing, according to the World Bank. Due to population growth and urban areas growth, the amount of trash countries produce is only expected to rise – by some estimates as much as 70% between 2016 and 2050.

世界银行的数据显示,地球正被垃圾淹没,而垃圾产生率只会不断上升。由于人口增长和城市扩张,预计2016年至2050年间,各国产生的垃圾总量将增长70%。

While much of the focus is on individuals and families and the amount of trash they generate, residential trash is only a fraction of the garbage produced by certain industries.

虽然人们关注的大多是个人和家庭及其产生的垃圾数量,但和某些行业产生的垃圾相比,居民生活垃圾只是小巫见大巫。

Between 30% and 35% of the total amount of generated waste in most developed countries is attributed to building sector activities such as building construction, renovation, and demolition processes, according to the official EU statistical data.

欧盟官方统计数据显示,在大多数发达国家,30%至35%的垃圾来自建筑行业活动,比如建筑施工、翻新和拆除过程。

In many countries on our list, the construction industry is often the largest culprit, generating more than 90% of the total waste produced in a country. China is a notable exception, where more than half of the waste is agricultural or industrial.

在榜单上的许多国家,建筑业往往是垃圾的最大来源,超过90%的垃圾都来自于建筑业。中国是个明显的例外,超过一半的垃圾来自农业或工业。

culprit ['kʌlprɪt]:n.犯人,罪魁祸首

Photo by Vivianne Lemay on Unsplash

 

Many countries have recognized the importance of properly and safely disposing of trash and have passed laws regulating how cities and corporations get rid of the waste they are producing.

许多国家已经认识到妥善和安全处理垃圾的重要性,并通过了法律来规范城市和企业如何处理它们产生的垃圾。

Some developing countries are struggling because governments often lack the funding to solve waste management challenges. Many are focusing on advocating recycling. In the United States, for example, some states will even pay you to recycle.

一些发展中国家正面临这方面的困境,因为政府经常缺乏资金来应对废物管理方面的挑战。许多国家正致力于提倡回收利用。例如,在美国,有些州甚至会付钱让你回收利用垃圾。

To identify the largest producers of waste, 24/7 Tempo calculated the special waste and regular municipal solid waste per capita produced by each country, using data from the World Bank’s “What a Waste” global database, last updated in September of 2018.

为了找出最大的垃圾来源国,Tempo大数据分析平台使用世界银行“有多浪费”全球数据库的数据,计算了各国人均产生的特殊废物和普通城市固体废物。该数据库的信息更新至去年9月。

 

以下是根据该数据库计算出的全世界人均垃圾产量前十位的国家:

10. Serbia  塞尔维亚

Estimated annual waste per capita: 8.9 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:8.9吨

Estimated annual waste total: 62,269,603 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:约6227万吨

 

9. Ukraine  乌克兰

Estimated annual waste per capita: 10.6 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:10.6吨

Estimated annual waste total: 474,106,025 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:约4.74亿吨

 

8. Luxembourg  卢森堡

Estimated annual waste per capita: 11.8 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:11.8吨

Estimated annual waste total: 7,016,503 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:约702万吨

 

7. Sweden  瑞典

Estimated annual waste per capita: 16.2 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:16.2吨

Estimated annual waste total: 163,199,471 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:1.63亿吨

 

6. Armenia  亚美尼亚

Estimated annual waste per capita: 16.3 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:16.3吨

Estimated annual waste total: 47,889,000 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:4789万吨

 

5. Finland  芬兰

Estimated annual waste per capita: 16.6 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:16.6吨

Estimated annual waste total: 91,698,449 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:约9170万吨

 

4. Estonia  爱沙尼亚

Estimated annual waste per capita: 23.5 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:23.5吨

Estimated annual waste total: 30,912,409 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:3091万吨

 

3. United States  美国

Estimated annual waste per capita: 25.9 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:25.9吨

Estimated annual waste total: 8,425,840,000 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:84.25亿吨

 

2. Bulgaria  保加利亚

Estimated annual waste per capita: 26.7 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:26.7吨

Estimated annual waste total: 189,141,945 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:1.89亿吨

 

1. Canada  加拿大

Estimated annual waste per capita: 36.1 metric tons

预计年人均垃圾产量:36.1吨

Estimated annual waste total: 1,325,480,289 metric tons

预计年垃圾总量:13.25亿吨

 

英文来源:今日美国

翻译&编辑:yaning

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