The first rule, as published in the New Scientist magazine, is to enjoy yourself.
Second on the list is remaining sociable, with a happy marriage and good family life being essential for health. Studies have shown that marriage can add as much as seven years to a man's life and two years to a woman's life.
Where you live also has a huge effect on your health. 居住环境对健康有重大影响
The world has many 'longevity' hotspots where the number of centenarians exceeds 10 in 100,000. Hawaii, Sardinia, Nova Scotia and Japan are amongst them.
A Drink 饮酒
So-called vices like wine, partying and chocolate provide the fourth rule, with countless studies showing that a little of what you fancy does you good rather than harm.
Work Your Brain 动脑
The fifth rule says that you should exercise your brain to stay active.
Last month scientists at Cambridge University said puzzles could help ward off a range of conditions, from depression to schizophrenia. Knitting, doing crosswords or just walking also help.
See the Doctor 积极就诊
It's simple really. If you're sick, get treatment fast.
Eat Healthily 健康饮食
The seventh rule is well-known - you are what you eat.
Scientists have recommended that the low-fat, high-fibre Mediterranean diet is a model for healthy eating and a long life. A recent study found that the hearts of those who had followed the diet appeared 15 years healthier than those of volunteers of a similar age.
High in fruit and vegetables, the diet also uses beans, breads and cereals. Small amounts of meat and moderate amounts of fish are also eaten.
Take Risks 冒险
Rule eight urges people to put more excitement into their lives. Intellectual challenges, travelling, or learning a new language can all add years to your life.
Embrace Technology 接受新技术
Rule nine advises those seeking a long life to embrace new technologies.
Be Happy 快乐
Merely living longer is not worth doing unless it is an enjoyable experience. Rule ten is that you should smile and feel happier in life.
Research from the Netherlands showed that older men with an optimistic outlook on life were only half as likely to suffer from cardio-vascular disease as those whose world view was more negative.