|Internationalt Lysistrata Project: let's make love, not war.
Have you ever heard of "International Lysistrata Project"? On March 3, 2003, fifty-nine countries hosted 1,029 readings ofLysistrata,Aristophane's anti-war comedy, to protest the Bush Administration's unilateral war on Iraq.
Readings were held in theatres large and small, schools, churches, libraries, in music halls, homes, cafes, community centers, clubs, subway cars, parks, and on street corners. More than 300,000 people attended readings organized by the 1,029 Lysistrata Project "spearheads."
Readings raised an estimated $125,000 for non-profit organizations working for peace and humanitarian aid. Some readings didn't raise money, but the fact that they occurred at all resonated as a powerful symbol of world citizens united for peace. For example, a secret reading in northern Iraq was organized by members of the international press corps, who had to keep quiet about it or risk losing their jobs.
The international Lysistrata Project participants earned the newscoveragethey received. The Project was featured on multiple CNN news programs, PBS' Lehrer News Hour, and many network and local news programs. Dozens of radio programs featured stories about the project, including NPR's All Things Considered and Dutch, French, German, Canadian, Japanese and Greek stations.
Voice of the Lysistrata Project
The idea for Lysistrata Project washatchedin early January 2003, when New York actresses Kathryn Blume and Sharron Bower were inspired by Theaters Against War (THAW) to actually do something about their feelings regarding the war on Iraq.
Kathryn Blume says that the purpose of the Lysistrata Project is not education, but expression, and above all, "to make it clear that President Bush does not speak for all Americans."
"Though we are not necessarily suggesting these tactics be used to end this war,Lysistrataprovides a humorous entree into a healthy community dialogue: What CAN the women do on a local level to stop "diplomacy by violence" in our world?"
Interviewed on NPR in January, Blume said the worldwide act of theatrical dissent aims to engage participants and audiences in antiwar dialogue. One of the hopes is to provide an alternative to the constant stream of war talk issuing from the White House and dominating the mass media.
About the playLysistrata
Lysistrata, a comedy by Greek dramatist Aristophanes (447 - 385 BC), tells the story of a group of women from opposing states who unite to end thePeloponnesian War.
After matronly stormtroopers take over the building where public funds are kept, the women rise to end the war by withholding sex from their mates -- Until, desperate for intimacy, the men finally agree to lay down their swords and see their way to achieving diplomatic peace.
The originalLysistratawas performed to a war-weary audience that had already endured two decades of civil war and still had seven more to go. The Athenians' army was decimated, their economy was in ruins, and, as they didn't have enough problems, they had recently undertaken a disastrous invasion of Sicily that wiped out nearly their entire fleet.
But Aristophanes knew how to please an audience; like all his theatrical works,Lysistratais a fantasy and a happy one at that. Lysistrata helps negotiate a truce between Athens and Sparta and peace is restored across the land. The men lay down their swords, Lysistrata and her sisters open their arms (and their legs) and the bedrooms of Greece echo with the moans and sighs of conjugal bliss. Not so far out, really, when you think about it.
由于其"反战"的主题，《莉西斯特拉忒》成为亚里士多分尼最常被搬上舞台的剧作之一。在1872年，奥地利剧作家Ludwig Anzengruber曾将《莉西斯特拉忒》改编为"Die Kreuzelschreiber"（《十字划押的人》）。美国历史上第一位黑人奥斯卡影帝Sidney Poitier（西德尼·波蒂埃），就是由于其在百老汇歌剧《莉西斯特拉忒》中的出色表现，才逐步走上荧幕的。
http://www.sparknotes.com/drama/lysistrata/summary.html 戏剧 Lysistrata 学习指南