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Pride & Prejudice 《傲慢与偏见》(精讲之四)
[ 2006-07-31 09:48 ]

主持人:任亚凌

北京新东方学校听力口语部教师,主讲听说速成,电影英语。曾在大学任教多年,在英语听说读写方面积累了丰富的教学经验,并曾参与编写过一套大学英语四级考试听力部分的辅导教材。同时任亚凌老师在口译和笔译方面经验丰富,把电影教学和翻译实践结合在一起,希望能使学员在电影听说的过程中,使自己的语言表达更加流畅和精确。

 

文化面面观 影片中的英伦庄园

思想火花 Mr. Collins

考考你 小试牛刀

影片对白

Collins: Dear Miss Elizabeth, I am sure my attentions have been too marked to be mistaken. Almost as soon as I entered the house, I singled you out as the companion of my future life. But before I am run away with my feelings, perhaps I may state my reasons for marrying. Firstly, that it is the duty of a clergyman to set the example of matrimony in his parish. Secondly, that I am convinced it will add greatly to my happiness. And thirdly, that it is at the urging of my esteemed patroness, Lady Catherine, that I select a wife. My object in coming to Longbourn was to choose such a one from among Mr. Bennet's daughters, for I am to inherit the estate and such an alliance will surely…suit everyone. And now nothing remains but for me to assure you in the most animated language of the violence of my affections.

Elizabeth: Mr. Collins!

Collins: And that no reproach on the subject of fortune will cross my lips once we're married.

Elizabeth: You're too hasty, sir. You forget that I have given no answer.

Collins: I must add that Lady Catherine will thoroughly approve when I speak to her of your modesty, economy and other amiable qualities

Elizabeth: Sir, I am honored by your proposal, but I regret that I must decline it.

Collins: I know ladies don't seek to seem too eager...

Elizabeth: Mr. Collins, I am perfectly serious. You could not make me happy. And I'm convinced I'm the last woman in the world who could make you happy.

Collins: I flatter myself, cousin, that your refusal is merely a natural delicacy. Besides, you should take into account that despite the manifold attractions, it is by no means certain that another offer of marriage may ever be made to you...
Elizabeth: Mr. Collins!

Collins: ...I must conclude that you simply seek to increase my love by suspense...

Elizabeth: Sir!

Collins: ...according to the usual practice of elegant females.

Elizabeth: Sir, I am not the sort of female to torment a respectable man. Please understand me, I cannot accept you.

妙词佳句,活学活用

1. single out

If you single sb. out from a group, you choose them and give them special attention or treatment. 挑选
e.g. Mr. Collins singled out Jane first as his future wife at first, but then he switched to Elizabeth.
He was singled out by his teacher to take part in the competition.

2. hasty

匆忙的,草率的
e.g. They shouldn't have made such a hasty decision.
另外在汉语中我们的一句成语“欲速则不达”跟hasty的同根词haste有关,英语中有两种表达:
Haste makes waste
More haste, less speed.
大家不妨在这里牢记住这个表达。

3. I'm the last woman in the world who could make you happy.

这种句型的基本结构是“the last+名词+定语从句”,表达最大程度的否定或者不赞成。本句话的意思是:我是这个世界上最不可能带给你幸福的女人。
e.g. To be a teacher is the last thing in the world that I could do. 我最不愿意干的事就是当老师。
This city is the last place that I want to live in the world. 我最不愿意生活的地方就是这个城市。

4. flatter oneself that

If you flatter yourself that something good is the case, you believe that it is true, although others may disagree. 自鸣得意,自以为
e.g. They flattered themselves that they would win. 他们自以为会一定获胜。

Flatter一词还有一些其它用法:
If someone flatters you, they praise you in an exaggerated way that is not sincere, because they want to please you or to persuade you to do something. 奉承,谄媚
e.g. I knew she was just flattering me, because she wanted me to buy her scarf.
此外flattering和flattered在口语中的出现频率也很高,flattering继承了flatter的意思,作为形容词的时候有“谄媚的,讨好的”意思,但是也有“讨人喜欢的”意思,
如: How flattering your company is since so many other companies are after you.
你看你们公司多招人喜欢,那么多其他公司都跟在你们屁股后面转。
但是flattered的意思有所不同,
If you feel flattered by something that has happened, you are pleased about it because it makes you feel important or special. 表示"受宠若惊"的意思
e.g. I feel flattered by what you said. 你的话让我受宠若惊。
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