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会讲笑话就能上火星?你准备好去应聘了吗? NASA is looking for 'jokers' to become astronauts in order to keep morale high on long journeys to Mars

中国日报网 2019-02-22 13:45


Nasa has outlined its four stage plan (pictured) which it hopes will one day allow humans to visit Mars at he Humans to Mars Summit held in Washington DC yesterday. This will entail multiple missions to the moon over coming decades.


Astronauts have traditionally been serious, sensible types with the 'right stuff' who can be trusted to fly equipment worth billions of pounds.


But any mission to Mars will need a 'joker' or 'class clown' figure to be successful, according to NASA research.


A sense of humor will be vital for any team to keep morale high on a two-year trip to Mars which could happen in the 2030s.


morale [mə'rɑːl]:n.士气,斗志


The joker role will be tested in NASA's group mission simulations at the Johnson Space Center in Houston, Texas.


Jeffrey Johnson, Professor of Anthropology at the University of Florida, Gainesville is advising NASA's Human Exploration Research Analog, a project which looks at how teams can cope with extreme periods of isolation.


He addressed the American Association for the Advancement of Science annual conference on 'Building a Winning Team for Missions to Mars'.


Professor Johnson said: 'Groups work best when they have somebody who takes on the role of class clown.


'These are people that have the ability to pull everyone together, bridge gaps when tensions appear and really boost morale.


A handout of an artist's rendering of the Mars rover Opportunity on the surface of Mars. NASA has received only silence from the rover since contact was lost during a global dust storm on the red planet in June of 2018. [Photo/IC]

'We can all think of the person at work who fulfills this role, who makes us laugh and makes the job more enjoyable. People like being around them.


'When you're living with others in a confined space for a long period of time, such as on a mission to Mars, tensions are likely to fray.


'It's vital you have somebody who can help everyone get along, so they can do their jobs and get there and back safely. It's mission critical.




Professor Johnson has studied isolated groups of people in extreme environments including Russian, Chinese, Indian and Polish explorers based in Antarctica.


Photo taken by the rover Yutu-2 (Jade Rabbit-2) on Jan 11, 2019 shows the lander of the Chang'e 4 probe. [Photo/Xinhua/China National Space Administration]

He has also looked at historical examples. Professor Johnson said that the reason Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen succeeded where Captain Scott failed in reaching the South Pole was because the Norwegians had a jolly 'clown' figure on their team.


Professor Johnson said of Amundsen: 'He had a cook named Adolf Lindstrom. People described him as being someone who laughed and was very jovial and very happy, an entertainer, keeping up people's spirits.


'In Amundsen's diary he said he had rendered greater service to the Norwegian polar expedition than any other man. He was the clown of that expedition. Scott's expedition was radically different. They broke into cliques; they didn't have a cohesive group.' 'Astronauts going to Mars need a Lindstrom,' he said.


clique [kliːk]:n.派系;小圈子


But he added: 'Being funny won't be enough to land somebody the job. They also need to be an excellent scientist and engineer and be able to pass a rigorous training regime.'


Previous missions, including the Apollo spacecraft with Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin (pictured), were very sensible. Future missions will require staff with a good sense of humour and NASA says it will be vital for any team to keep morale high on a two-year trip to Mars.

Clowns have to be positive, Professor Johnson said.


'There are people who are loving and laughable and jovial and endearing, and therefore bring people together. But others who are cruel. When I worked at the South Pole station there was lots of cruel behavior. It's better to become a mascot - get taken in by the group and loved.


jovial ['dʒəʊvɪəl; -vj(ə)l]:adj.天性快活的


'It's pretty universal - it doesn't matter whether you are Russian, Polish, Chinese, Indian. Group dynamics happen in very similar ways across all human groups.'