BBC Learning English 英语教学




学习如何区分 “been” 和 “gone” 的用法



单词 “been” 和 “gone” 分别是动词 “be” 和 “go” 的过去分词,用于完成时中。虽然过去分词 “been” 和 “gone” 都可以用来谈论一段经历或旅程,但它们所表达的意思不同。“Been” 暗示旅程已结束,并已返回出发地;而 “gone” 则暗示旅程仍在进行中,未返回出发地。看视频,听讲解,通过例句学习这两个词之间的区别。


Hi, Sian here for BBC Learning English. And today, we're going to look at these two little words.

So, been and gone are both past participles, both used with the present perfect, but they don't have the same meaning. 

We use been to talk about complete visits. So, 'she has been to Paris' means that she visited Paris at some point in the past and now she's back in the UK.

Careful with pronunciation. When we say been in a sentence, it becomes /bɪn/. She's been to Paris.

But, 'she's gone to Paris' means she travelled to Paris and she's still in Paris now.

She's on holiday. She's gone to Paris.

Easy, right? Been – you go somewhere and return. Gone – you go somewhere but don't return.


Been vs gone

1 共同点


Both been and gone are past participle verbs:
动词 “been” 和 “gone” 都是动词过去分词:

be - am/are/is - was/were - been

go - go/goes - went - gone


Both been and gone are commonly used with the present perfect tense. This is formed with have/has + a past participle verb.
“Been” 和 “gone” 都用于现在完成时中。现在完成时的基本结构是 “have/has + 动词过去分词”。

have been home.

She has gone home.

2 不同点

is used for complete visits. A person goes somewhere and returns.
“Been” 表示 “旅程已经结束”,某人去过某地,但现在已经回来。

I've been to Paris.

He hasn't been to India.

Have they been to Rekyavik?

is used when someone goes somewhere and doesn't return. They left before and have not come back.
“Gone” 表示 “旅程仍在进行”,某人去了某地,但还没回来。

She's gone to Paris.

We haven't gone very far. Don't worry.

Have you gone to work already? I need a lift.

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