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2021年7月新闻热词汇总

中国日报网 2021-08-01 09:00

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7月,庆祝中国共产党成立一百周年庆祝大会隆重举行;《"十四五"循环经济发展规划》;中共中央、国务院发文支持浦东新区高水平改革开放打造社会主义现代化建设引领区;女排运动员朱婷、跆拳道运动员赵帅担任东京奥运会开幕式中国体育代表团旗手;郑州突降暴雨;台风“烟花”来袭;我国将开展国际消费中心城市培育建设;海南跨境服务贸易负面清单发布;我国奥运健儿在东京奥运会上奋力拼搏。

7月新闻热词汇总

 


中国共产党成立一百周年 the centenary of CPC

庆祝中国共产党成立一百周年庆祝大会7月1日上午8时在北京天安门广场隆重举行。中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平发表重要讲话。


以下为讲话要点:

China has realized the first centenary goal -- building a moderately prosperous society in all respects. This means that we have brought about a historic resolution to the problem of absolute poverty in China, and we are now marching in confident strides toward the second centenary goal of building China into a great modern socialist country in all respects.
我们实现了第一个百年奋斗目标,在中华大地上全面建成了小康社会,历史性地解决了绝对贫困问题,正在意气风发向着全面建成社会主义现代化强国的第二个百年奋斗目标迈进。

 

The Party unites and leads the Chinese people in pursuing a great struggle, a great project, a great cause, and a great dream through a spirit of self-confidence, self-reliance, and innovation, achieving great success for socialism with Chinese characteristics in the new era.
中国共产党团结带领中国人民,自信自强、守正创新,统揽伟大斗争、伟大工程、伟大事业、伟大梦想,创造了新时代中国特色社会主义的伟大成就。

 

The CPC and the Chinese people, through tenacious struggle, have shown the world that China's national rejuvenation has become a historical inevitability. They have shown the world that the Chinese nation has achieved the tremendous transformation from standing up and growing prosperous to becoming strong.
中国共产党和中国人民以英勇顽强的奋斗向世界庄严宣告,中华民族迎来了从站起来、富起来到强起来的伟大飞跃,实现中华民族伟大复兴进入了不可逆转的历史进程!

 

The people are the true heroes, for it is they who create history.
人民是历史的创造者,是真正的英雄。

 

The leadership of the Party is the defining feature of socialism with Chinese characteristics and constitutes the greatest strength of this system. It is the foundation and lifeblood of the Party and the country, and the crux upon which the interests and wellbeing of all Chinese people depend.
中国共产党领导是中国特色社会主义最本质的特征,是中国特色社会主义制度的最大优势,是党和国家的根本所在、命脉所在,是全国各族人民的利益所系、命运所系。

 

Any attempt to divide the Party from the Chinese people or to set the people against the Party is bound to fail. The more than 95 million Party members and the more than 1.4 billion Chinese people will never allow such a scenario to come to pass.
任何想把中国共产党同中国人民分割开来、对立起来的企图,都是绝不会得逞的!9500多万中国共产党人不答应!14亿多中国人民也不答应!

 

We have upheld and developed socialism with Chinese characteristics and driven coordinated progress in material, political, cultural-ethical, social, and ecological terms, we have pioneered a new and uniquely Chinese path to modernization, and created a new model for human civilization.
我们坚持和发展中国特色社会主义,推动物质文明、政治文明、精神文明、社会文明、生态文明协调发展,创造了中国式现代化新道路,创造了人类文明新形态。

 

We are eager to learn what lessons we can from the achievements of other cultures, and welcome helpful suggestions and constructive criticism. We will not, however, accept sanctimonious preaching from those who feel they have the right to lecture us.
我们积极学习借鉴人类文明的一切有益成果,欢迎一切有益的建议和善意的批评,但我们绝不接受“教师爷”般颐指气使的说教!

 

We have never bullied, oppressed, or subjugated the people of any other country, and we never will.
中国人民从来没有欺负、压迫、奴役过其他国家人民,过去没有,现在没有,将来也不会有。

 

Chinese people will never allow any foreign force to bully, oppress, or subjugate us. Anyone who would attempt to do so will find themselves on a collision course with a great wall of steel forged by over 1.4 billion Chinese people.
中国人民也绝不允许任何外来势力欺负、压迫、奴役我们,谁妄想这样干,必将在14亿多中国人民用血肉筑成的钢铁长城面前碰得头破血流!

 

We are closer, more confident, and more capable than ever before of making the goal of national rejuvenation a reality. But we must be prepared to work harder than ever to get there.
今天,我们比历史上任何时期都更接近、更有信心和能力实现中华民族伟大复兴的目标,同时必须准备付出更为艰巨、更为艰苦的努力。

 

In the course of our struggles over the past century, the Party has always placed the united front in a position of importance.
在百年奋斗历程中,中国共产党始终把统一战线摆在重要位置。

 

We will stay true to the letter and spirit of the principle of One Country, Two Systems, under which the people of Hong Kong administer Hong Kong, and the people of Macao administer Macao, both with a high degree of autonomy.
我们要全面准确贯彻“一国两制”、“港人治港”、“澳人治澳”、高度自治的方针。

 

Resolving the Taiwan question and realizing China's complete reunification is a historic mission and an unshakable commitment of the Communist Party of China.
解决台湾问题、实现祖国完全统一,是中国共产党矢志不渝的历史任务。

 

No one should underestimate the great resolve, the strong will, and the extraordinary ability of the Chinese people to defend their national sovereignty and territorial integrity.
任何人都不要低估中国人民捍卫国家主权和领土完整的坚强决心、坚定意志、强大能力!

 

The future belongs to the young people, and the hopes also rest with them.
未来属于青年,希望寄予青年。

 

In the new era, the young people should make it their mission to contribute to national rejuvenation and aspire to become more proud, confident, and assured in their identity as Chinese people so that they can live up to the expectations of the times, the Party, and the people.
新时代的中国青年要以实现中华民族伟大复兴为己任,增强做中国人的志气、骨气、底气,不负时代,不负韶华,不负党和人民的殷切期望!

 

The image China presents to the world today is one of a thriving nation that is advancing with unstoppable momentum toward rejuvenation.
今天,中华民族向世界展现的是一派欣欣向荣的气象,正以不可阻挡的步伐迈向伟大复兴。

 

The CPC is rallying and leading the Chinese people on a new journey toward realizing the second centenary goal.
现在,中国共产党团结带领中国人民又踏上了实现第二个百年奋斗目标新的赶考之路。

 

It is certain that with the firm leadership of the Party and the great unity of the Chinese people of all ethnic groups, we will achieve the goal of building a great modern socialist country in all respects and fulfill the Chinese Dream of great national rejuvenation.
有中国共产党的坚强领导,有全国各族人民的紧密团结,全面建成社会主义现代化强国的目标一定能够实现,中华民族伟大复兴的中国梦一定能够实现!

 

The Chinese nation does not carry aggressive or hegemonic traits in its genes.
中华民族的血液中没有侵略他人、称王称霸的基因。

 

The Party cares about the future of humanity, and wishes to move forward in tandem with all progressive forces around the world. China has always worked to safeguard world peace, contribute to global development, and preserve international order.
中国共产党关注人类前途命运,同世界上一切进步力量携手前进,中国始终是世界和平的建设者、全球发展的贡献者、国际秩序的维护者!

 

 

党员数量 Party membership

中央组织部最新党内统计数据显示,截至2021年6月5日,中国共产党党员总数为9514.8万名,党的基层组织总数为486.4万个。

Membership was 3.5 percent up from the figure reported at the end of 2019, and approximately 20 times more than the figure in 1949 when the People's Republic of China (PRC) was founded, the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee said in the report.
中组部统计公报指出,全国党员总量比2019年底增长3.5%,比1949年新中国成立时的448.8万名增长约20倍。


About 2.31 million people joined the CPC in the first half of this year, the statement added.
今年上半年,全国新发展党员231.2万名。


The continuous increase of members has shown the strong vitality of the Party and the prosperity of the Party's cause.
更多的新鲜血液加入党的队伍,彰显出党的强大生机与活力,展现出党的事业兴旺发达、欣欣向荣的蓬勃气象。

 


党员队伍结构不断优化

The composition of Party membership has continuously improved, featuring a rising number of young members, higher education level, and steady growth in the proportion of female members and those from ethnic minority groups, according to the report.
党员队伍结构不断优化。年轻党员持续增加。文化程度明显提高。女党员、少数民族党员比重不断提升。


Nearly 23.68 million Party members, or 24.9 percent of the total membership, were aged 35 or younger, 0.7 percentage point higher than the rate at the end of 2019, with 52 percent of the Party members holding junior college degrees or above.
35岁及以下党员达2367.9万名,占党员总数的24.9%,比2019年底提高0.7个百分点。具有大专及以上学历的党员达4951.3万名,占党员总数的52.0%。


As of June 5, the CPC had 27.45 million female members, accounting for 28.8 percent of the total membership, compared with merely 11.9 percent in the early days of New China. Meanwhile, the proportion of members from ethnic minority groups has grown from 2.5 percent to 7.5 percent. The total number of Party members from ethnic minority groups has reached 7.135 million, with each of the 55 ethnic minority groups in China having a certain number of Party members.
与新中国成立初期相比,女党员占比由11.9%提高至28.8%,总量达2745.0万名。少数民族党员占比由2.5%提高至7.5%,总量达713.5万名,全国55个少数民族都有一定数量的党员。

 

Workers and peasants remain the majority of the CPC members, accounting for 33.9 percent of the total membership, with their total number currently 11.6 times the figure in 1949, data from the report shows.
工人和农民仍是党员队伍主体,占党员总数的33.9%,数量是新中国成立时的11.6倍。


Among the CPC members, 10.61 million are management personnel in enterprises, public institutions and social organizations, while 15 million are professional and technical personnel, making up 11.2 percent and 15.8 percent of the total respectively.
党员队伍中,企事业单位、社会组织管理人员1061万名、占11.2%,专业技术人员1500多万名、占15.8%。

 

党的组织体系日趋严密

All the neighborhood offices in urban areas, townships, communities and administrative villages have established primary-level Party organizations, according to the report.
全国城市街道、乡镇、社区(居委会)、行政村已建立党组织。

 

基层党组织战斗堡垒作用和党员先锋模范作用充分发挥。


Since the 18th CPC National Congress in late 2012, a total of 255,000 resident work teams have been sent to impoverished villages and more than 3 million people have been dispatched to serve as first secretaries and village officials to boost poverty eradication efforts on the front lines.
党的十八大以来,全国累计选派25.5万个驻村工作队、300多万名第一书记和驻村干部,助力打赢脱贫攻坚战。


More than 3.3 million primary-level Party organizations and 39 million Party members have been mobilized to assist the fight against COVID-19.
组织动员330多万个基层党组织、3900多万名党员干部投身新冠肺炎疫情防控。

 

 

京沪高铁 Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway

With a total length of 1,318 km and linking the capital with the eastern coastal economic hub of Shanghai, the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway is the world's longest high-speed line ever constructed in a single phase.
京沪高铁全长1318公里,是当时世界上一次建成线路最长的高速铁路,连接首都北京和华东沿海经济枢纽城市上海。

 


10年间,京沪高铁在中国高铁发展史上创造多项成绩,飞驰出一道亮丽轨迹。

A total of 1.35 billion passenger trips have been made safely on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway since it went into operation 10 years ago.
10年间,京沪高铁累计安全运送旅客13.5亿人次。


In 2019, the railway handled a record 210 million passenger trips, or 9.3 percent of China's high-speed railway traffic, with only 3.7 percent of the total high-speed railway network in operation.
2019年,京沪高铁年旅客发送量达到2.1亿人次,以我国高铁3.7%的营业里程完成了全国高铁9.3%的旅客发送量。


Over the past decade, 666 trains plied on the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway on the busiest day, while the highest daily passenger count reached around 798,000 trips.
10年来,京沪高铁单日开行旅客列车最高达666列,单日最高发送旅客79.8万人次。


In September 2017, China increased the maximum speed of bullet trains on the railway to 350 km per hour. The speed increase cut the Beijing-Shanghai journey to 4 hours and 28 minutes.
2017年9月,京沪高铁列车成功实现时速350公里商业运营,京沪之间的运行时间缩短为4小时28分钟。


High-speed trains between Beijing and Shanghai had quiet carriages at the end of last year. The facility is aimed at providing a more tranquil and comfortable ambiance for travelers.
去年底,京沪高铁推出静音车厢,旨在为乘客提供一个更加安静舒适的乘车环境。

【知识点:compartment和carriage有什么区别】

铁路客车上一节一节的车厢在英式英语中一般用coach或carriage表示,美式英语中常用car表示,乘客车厢就是passenger coach或passenger car,卧铺车厢中独立的隔间叫compartment。火车上其他功能的车厢还有:行李车厢(baggage car)、餐车(dinning car)、卧铺车厢(sleeping car)、硬座车厢(chair car)等。


A flexible pricing mechanism was also initiated, offering preferential ticket prices for commuters and frequent travelers.
此外还推出了灵活定价机制,为常旅客和商务出行人群提供优惠票价。

【知识点】

自2020年12月23日起,京沪高铁公司对京沪高铁运行时速300~350公里的高铁动车组列车公布票价进行优化调整。根据客流情况(passenger flow),区分季节、时段、席别、区段等,各站间执行票价将以公布票价为上限,实行多档次、灵活升降的票价体系,为旅客出行提供更多选择。

 

The railway has also stayed profitable since 2014. The net profit of Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway Co. Ltd. (BSHSR) surged at an annual average of 39.4 percent between 2014 and 2019. In 2020, the railway remained profitable despite the impact of COVID-19.
京沪高铁开通运营的第四年即2014年以来连续实现盈利。2014年至2019年,京沪高铁净利润年均增幅高达39.4%。在2020年新冠肺炎疫情冲击下,京沪高铁仍保持盈利韧性。


The link has connected 24 cities including Beijing, Tianjin and Shanghai. Among them, 11 cities have an urban population of over 1 million. These regions have more than one-fourth of the nation's total population.
京沪高铁所经区域人口占到全国四分之一以上,所经24座城市中城区人口100万以上的有11座。

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