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每日新闻播报(January 12)

chinadaily.com.cn 2022-01-12 16:32

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>Rail schedule expanded
1月10日起全国铁路调图

Members of the Lisu ethnic group give fresh fruits as gifts to passengers on a bullet train in Dechang, Sichuan province, on Monday. It was the first Fuxing bullet train departing from Sichuan's Liangshan Yi autonomous prefecture, a mountainous ethnic area once afflicted by the most entrenched poverty in China. Sections of a new Chengdu-Kunming Railway, with longer bridges and tunnels shortening the line and increasing the speed, were recently put into operation. LIU ZHONGJUN/CHINA NEWS SERVICE


A new railway operating schedule introduced on Monday will help increase passenger and freight capacity for the upcoming Spring Festival travel rush.
2022年1月10日起,全国铁路将实施新的列车运行图。这将有助于提高即将到来的春运期间的客货运输能力。


The travel rush is projected to last 40 days from Jan 17 to Feb 25, with about 280 million train trips expected to be made.
2022年春运将从1月17日开始,到2月25日结束,共40天。全国铁路旅客发送量预计达到2.8亿人次。


China State Railway Group, the national rail operator, said the network will operate 10,462 passenger train routes and more than twice that number of freight train services under the new schedule.
国铁集团称,调图后,全国铁路旅客列车开行总量达到10462列,货物列车开行总量也将超过之前的两倍。


The rail operator said that it has also improved policies on freight and changing train tickets during the Spring Festival rush.
国铁集团还改进了火车票购票和退换政策,以更好地方便春运期间的出行。


Ticket services on 12306, a mobile application and website that it runs, will be extended to 1 am, except on Tuesdays. The services open to the public at 5 am each day.
铁路12306网站(含手机客户端)售票服务时间将延长至每日5时至次日凌晨1时(每周二除外)。


Ticket refund services will be available up to the time the train departs from the station. Previously, travelers were only allowed to get ticket refunds up to 25 minutes before the train departed.
退票截止时间由原来的开车前25分钟,延长至开车前。

 

>China to accelerate key projects
加快实施”十四五”重大项目

A technician oversees installation of a wind power turbine in Chuzhou, Anhui province. [Photo by Song Weixing / for China Daily]


China will accelerate the implementation of major projects outlined in the 14th Five-Year Plan (2021-2025) for social and economic development with expanded investment, according to a State Council executive meeting chaired by Premier Li Keqiang on Monday.
国务院总理李克强1月10日主持召开国务院常务会议,部署加快推进”十四五”规划《纲要》和专项规划确定的重大项目,扩大有效投资。


As the Chinese economy is in a crucial period, the country should give higher priority to stabilizing economic growth, continue its strategy of expanding domestic demand, and take targeted steps to boost consumption and investment, according to the meeting.
会议指出,当前经济运行处于爬坡过坎的关口。要把稳增长放在更加突出的位置,坚定实施扩大内需战略,有针对性扩大最终消费和有效投资。


The country will accordingly ensure the financing, land use and energy supply for critical sectors such as food and energy security, advanced manufacturing and high-tech industries, logistics and telecommunications, and urban government-subsidized housing.
会议还指出,要围绕粮食能源安全、先进制造业、交通通信等基础设施、保障性住房等领域建设,做好融资、用地、用能等保障。


The meeting vowed streamlined administrative procedures for ready-to-go projects, in particular major water-conservancy projects, to accelerate the implementation.
与此同时,对列入规划、条件具备的项目简化手续,特别是重大水利项目要抓紧实施。


>Large-scale cluster of ancient tombs discovered
广西发现7万平米大型古墓群

File photo shows potteries found at an ancient tomb in Beihai city, South China's Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region. [Photo/Beihai Museum/Handout via Xinhua]


Archaeologists recently discovered a large-scale cluster of ancient tombs dating back to the Six Dynasties period to the Sui and Tang Dynasties (222-907) in South China's Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region. Covering an area of 70,000 square meters, the cluster of some 200 tombs is located in Dashugen Village, Fucheng Township of Beihai City.
考古工作者在广西壮族自治区北海市银海区福成镇古城村委大树根村发现7万平方米古墓葬群,初步调查勘探大树根古墓群约有200座古墓,专家推测该墓葬群的年代约在六朝至隋唐时期。


The most prominent feature of the cluster is that most tomb chambers were constructed with stone pieces, but some tombs were made of brick and stone.
据介绍,该墓葬群最突出的特征是墓室普遍采用一种俗称”砂轮片”的石片构筑,也有部分墓葬以砖石合构。


Relics including pottery with diversified patterns, ironware and bricks with inscriptions were excavated from the tombs.
墓地采集遗物有陶器、瓷器、铁器等类。此外还发现少量”窅亭”铭文砖。


Experts said that these archaeological discoveries are of great research value.
专家称该墓葬群具有较高的研究价值。

 

>Autoimmune diseases spread
全球自身免疫性疾病病例激增

[Photo/Pexels]


Autoimmune diseases range from type 1 diabetes to rheumatoid arthritis, inflammatory bowel disease and multiple sclerosis.
自身免疫性疾病包括1型糖尿病、类风湿性关节炎、炎性肠病和多发性硬化症。


In each case, the immune system gets its wires crossed and turns on healthy tissue instead of infectious agents.
上述每种疾病都会使免疫系统出现错乱,攻击自身健康组织而非病原体。


In the UK alone, at least 4 million people have developed such conditions, with some individuals suffering more than one.
仅在英国,就有至少400万人患上这类疾病,有些人出现不止一种病症。


Internationally, it is now estimated that cases of autoimmune diseases are rising by 3% to 9% a year.
据估计,目前全球自身免疫性疾病病例每年增长为3%至9%。


Most scientists believe environmental factors play a key role in this rise.
大多数科学家认为环境因素在其中发挥重要影响。


Fast-food diets lack certain important ingredients, such as fiber, and evidence suggests this alteration affects a person’s microbiome – the collection of micro-organisms that we have in our gut and which play a key role in controlling various bodily functions.
快餐饮食缺乏某些重要营养成分,如膳食纤维,有证据表明这种饮食改变会影响人体内的微生物群(肠道微生物群),它们对调节身体各方面功能起着关键作用。


These changes in our microbiomes are then triggering autoimmune diseases, of which more than 100 types have now been discovered.
微生物群的这些变化便会引发自身免疫性疾病,目前已经发现了100多种该类型疾病。

 

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