BBC Learning English 英语教学

随身英语

Should you count calories? 健康饮食该不该计算卡路里?

 

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2022年4月,一项新法律在英国生效,要求餐馆和售卖食品的商铺必须标注菜肴的卡路里信息。计算每餐的卡路里总数可以帮助我们更好地控制摄入的热量,但这样做有没有坏处?本期节目讨论计算食物卡路里的利弊。

 

词汇:health 健康

Most of us want to be in peak physical condition, get in shape and be healthy. While some gym bunnies are more obsessed with looking ripped, for many of us nutrition and watching what you eat is a vital way to stay healthy. But when it comes to food, what is calorie counting, and what are the positives and negatives of it?

A law in the UK came into force in April 2022 that requires large businesses such as restaurants, takeaways, and cafes to display the calorie information of non-pre-packed food and soft drinks on their menus. It’s a strategy aimed to tackle obesity and give people a more informed choice of what goes down their gullets. According to the NHS (National Health Service), generally, the recommended daily intake of calories for male adults is 2,500 per day, while female adults should consume 2,000 to maintain their weight levels. For those of us who wish to drop a few pounds, experts advise us to consume fewer calories than the recommended daily number, eat a balanced diet, and increase our levels of physical activity. Being able to count calories and know how much we can eat is a great way to try and stay on track with our diet.

However, there are some sceptics when it comes to calorie counting. 200 calories of fresh fruit and 200 calories of junk food, for example cookies, have the same caloric value. However, there is a question of the health benefits of what you’re consuming, regardless of calories. While fresh fruit like apples contains things like vitamin C, junk food could contain an unhealthy level of sugar and fats. Likewise, fruit may fill you up and leave you not craving more food for longer than a biscuit with equal calories – meaning, overall, you eat less. Simply counting calories, while useful for weight loss, doesn’t take into account your intake of good fats, carbohydrates, and proteins – things that your body needs. So, if you’re trying to stick to a low-carb diet, just looking at numbers of calories on a menu won’t be that useful. So, always be mindful that what you’re eating is part of a healthy balanced diet.

 

词汇表

peak 巅峰
in shape 身体状况良好
gym bunny 健身迷,非常关注体形、爱健身的人
ripped 肌肉饱满、线条分明的
nutrition 营养
watch what you eat 注意饮食
calorie 卡路里
obesity 肥胖
gullet 食道,食管
intake 摄入量
consume 吃,喝
weight level 体重水平
drop a few pounds 体重减轻几磅
balanced diet 均衡饮食
physical activity 体育活动
junk food 垃圾食品
fill someone up 填饱(某人的)肚子
crave 想吃、喝,嘴馋
a low-carb diet 低碳水饮食

 

测验与练习

1.  阅读课文并回答问题。

1. What is the NHS’s recommended calorie intake for male adults?

2. What is the NHS’s recommended calorie intake for female adults?

3. According to experts, what should you do to lose weight?

4. What are the potential differences between 200 calories of fresh fruit and 200 calories of junk food?

5. What does calorie counting not take into account?

2.  选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. I’m really _______ chocolate. I just can’t stop thinking about it!

craving                  intake                            gullet                      ripped

2. Derek’s going on a diet to _______ before the summer.

weight level           drop a few pounds        junk food                balanced diet

3. He’s such a gym _______. He only goes there to look good, not be healthy.

donkey                  rabbit                             bunny                     owl

4. No thanks, I don’t want any cake. That main course _______.

consumed             filled me up                    looked ripped         craved

5. Sandra only eats meals cooked from fresh ingredients. She hates _______.

in shape                peak                               gym bunny             junk food

 

答案

1. 阅读课文并回答问题。 

1. What is the NHS’s recommended calorie intake for male adults?
The NHS recommends 2,500 calories per day for male adults, in general.

2. What is the NHS’s recommended calorie intake for female adults?
The NHS recommends 2,000 calories per day for female adults, in general.

3. According to experts, what should you do to lose weight?
You should eat fewer calories than the recommended daily number and increase levels of physical activity.

4. What are the potential differences between 200 calories of fresh fruit and 200 calories of junk food?
Fruit contains things like vitamin C, while junk food could contain high levels of fat and sugars. Fruit may also leave you feeling full for longer.

5. What does calorie counting not take into account?
It doesn’t take into account your body’s nutritional needs.

2.  选择意思恰当的单词或词组来完成下列句子。

1. I’m really craving chocolate. I just can’t stop thinking about it!

2. Derek’s going on a diet to drop a few pounds before the summer.

3. He’s such a gym bunny. He only goes there to look good, not be healthy.

4. No thanks, I don’t want any cake. That main course filled me up.

5. Sandra only eats meals cooked from fresh ingredients. She hates junk food.

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