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chinadaily.com.cn 2023-05-29 17:39


> Americans no longer want to move for work



Here's why.

After two years of grousing that no one wants to work anymore, America's employers might have a new line of complaint: No one wants to move.


After steadily falling for decades, the rate of Americans moving for work fell to a record low of just 1.6% in the first three months of the year, according to Challenger, Gray & Christmas.
再就业服务公司Challenger, Gray & Christmas的数据显示,美国人为工作而搬家的比例在今年1-3月降到了历史新低1.6%,过去几十年来这一比例一直在稳步下降。


"This is the lowest quarterly result that we've seen, among all the job seekers we've worked with, since 1986," said the company's senior vice president, Andrew Challenger.


The trend is evidence of a decline in the dynamism of the US economy, experts say, while also undercutting the historic narrative of Americans as a population of pioneers and risk-takers boldly venturing into new terrain in pursuit of opportunity.


A confluence of factors led to Americans' declining willingness to relocate for work, according to economists.


First, despite businesses' push to bring employees back to the office, remote jobs are still plentiful for white-collar workers — that gives them options if they decide to seek new positions.


The pandemic-fueled run up in home prices, coupled with the surge in mortgage rates over the past year, also has made it much more difficult to move as housing costs have shot up much faster than incomes.


Skyrocketing housing prices are a major roadblock to mobility.


Nationwide, home prices have soared nearly 25% over the last two years, coupled with mortgage rates that have more than doubled since the start of 2022.


Meanwhile, nearly 1 in 4 existing mortgages today have a rate under 3%, the research firm said.


That's contributing to many homeowners feeling "locked in" to their current home, loath to trade it for a new place shackled to a much higher mortgage rate.

> Sichuan Hot Pot Association prepares spicy index plan
火锅统一辣度标准? 四川火锅协会回应了

Sichuan hotpot [Photo provided to chinadaily.com.cn]


A netizen made a post suggesting a more scientific and unified index for spiciness in hot pot.


The Sichuan Hot Pot Association responded that the suggestion was good and they are preparing a plan.


Yan Long, the president of the association, stated that the spiciness of hot pot can indeed be measured using professional measuring tools. Currently, the association is researching a standardized grading system for the spiciness of hot pot seasoning, including chili peppers, using a "degree" system to represent the level of spiciness, allowing consumers to choose a broth base more accurately.


Eating spicy food can produce a variety of physiological reactions, like a tingling in the tongue and lips, as well as sweating, said David Julius, a physiologist at the University of California, San Francisco. "We all enjoy sensory experiences; spicy foods make life more interesting," he said.
加利福尼亚大学旧金山分校的生理学专家David Julius解释道,吃辣时,我们的身体产生诸如舌头和嘴唇发麻、身体出汗等一系列生理反应。“我们的身体享受感官刺激,因此辛辣食物让生活更有趣。”


But not all of the potential responses are welcome, even for those who enjoy the taste.


Spicy food lovers are likely to be familiar with one immediate physical reaction — sweating.


That's because some of the spiciest foods contain compounds that bind to nerve receptors along the gastrointestinal tract, including the mouth, that are activated by heat.


Chiles, the flavorful backbone of many spicy dishes, contain the compound capsaicin, which binds to those receptors when eaten and then sends a pain signal to the brain, as Dr Julius discovered in his Nobel Prize-winning work on the topic.


The main chemicals found in peppercorns, horseradishes and mustard also bind to the same receptors, albeit less potently.


These nerves send similar signals to the brain as they would if you came into contact with actual fire, which is why you might start sweating or become flushed; that's the body's way of cooling itself down.


It can also cause gastrointestinal distress.


Eating spicy food in moderation is generally safe for people who don’t already have stomach issues.


However, it can cause inflammation to the areas that aid digestion and can sometimes lead to heartburn, stomachaches or diarrhea.


People with gastritis, which occurs when the lining of the stomach is inflamed, may be especially susceptible to increased abdominal pain.


However, spiciness may benefit health, though more research is needed.


Studies have shown that consuming spicy foods can be associated with some health benefits. For example, one study found that taking a daily supplement of capsaicin sped up metabolism, where participants burned the equivalent of an extra 200 calories per day over a 14-week period.


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