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chinadaily.com.cn 2023-07-20 17:22


> Report questions ethics of US Supreme Court justices

An American flag flies outside of the US Capitol dome in Washington, US, Jan 15, 2020. [Photo/Agencies]


The Supreme Court of the United States is a judicial body in the system of separation of powers in the US, and has always played an extremely important role in the balance of power.


But they have long engaged in a variety of questionable conduct, including using their positions to engage in partisan activities and selling their books through college visits, AP reported Tuesday.


A lengthy investigation by AP found that public schools generally view the justices’ visits as fundraising opportunities for their schools, with many regularly inviting the justices to lecture and the justices taking advantage.


Justice Sonia Sotomayor, for example, has earned at least $3.7 million from publishing and selling books since she took the bench in 2009. Justices Clarence Thomas and Samuel Alito have been receiving gifts, free plane trips and luxury fishing trips from a Republican billionaire.


The integrity of the Supreme Court has been called into question several times in recent years, and the findings are particularly worrying.


The Supreme Court is the final arbiter of law in the US.


It is the highest body that deals with controversial cases in the US Constitution and legal process. For a long time, the justices have disagreed over a number of socially sensitive issues such as abortion, gun ownership and homosexuality.


The Supreme Court has six conservative and three liberal justices, and its decisions are often polarized. Within the Supreme Court, the landscape of the two groups of justices is also seen as an important battleground between the Republican and Democratic parties.

> Are sports drinks good or bad for you?

Customers select sports drinks at a supermarket in Yichang, Hubei province. [Photo provided to China Daily]


Sports drinks are electrolyte-enhanced beverages. Their main purpose is to restore water and electrolytes that are lost during heavy exercise and sweating. They will contain electrolytes like sodium, potassium, calcium and magnesium. Many are carbohydrate-based, with added sugars like fructose, glucose and sucrose. Sometimes they contain caffeine.


There are also energy drinks that are often, and unfortunately, confused with sports drinks. Energy drinks typically contain large amounts of caffeine. Many contain other legal stimulants like taurine, guarana and L-carnitine. These energy drinks could reduce fatigue and enhance performance in the short term. However, they are not sports drinks and should not be used when the purpose is to replenish electrolytes and fluids.


Energy drinks can be dangerous when consumed in large quantities. According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 1,499 adolescents ages 12 to 17 went to the emergency room for an energy-drink related emergency in 2011. High amounts of caffeine can induce irregular and rapid heartbeats. Individuals may become anxious and develop sleeping problems. Those consuming energy drinks instead of sports drinks or water may become dehydrated. Also, although many ingredients in these energy drinks are marketed as being “natural,” they may be present in much larger quantities than people normally consume.


The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that children and adolescents do not use energy drinks.


Parents should keep in mind that there are other beverages that contain caffeine, including coffee and many sodas, and that many sports drinks contain very high levels of caffeine that would far exceed the daily recommended amount. Given that sports drinks really are intended to replace electrolytes and not to be used as a stimulant, it’s best for children to avoid sports drinks with added caffeine.


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