Earle Dickson, an employee of Johnson and Johnson developed the Band-Aid@ in 1920 for hisaccident-pronewife, Josephine. His employer, Johnson and Johnson, a company launched by pharmacist Robert Johnson and his two brothers, produced large, dry, cotton andgauzedressings, which remained sterile ingerm-resistantpackaging until opened. They formed their Company upon the premise set forth by Sir Joseph Lister, ofListerinefame, at a speech given in Philadelphia in 1876, that surgical procedures should be sterile, to reduce the alarmingly highpost-operative mortality rates, which were 90% in Britain at the time.
Earle attached small pieces of thissterile gauze, produced by his employer, to the center of strips ofsurgical tapeto bandage poor Josephine's wounds. A colleague of his encouraged him to pitch his invention to Management, which he did. Management initially dismissed his idea, but later reversed its position when Earle demonstrated how easily the bandage could easily be applied by oneself. The powers that be realized the earning potential of this invention, snatched Earle's idea, and ran with it.
The original bandages Johnson and Johnson produced, were not only handmade, but were rather large in size at 2 1/2" in width, and 18" in length. Needless to say, first year sales left much to be desired. By 1924, Johnson and Johnsonrevampedthe production process of the Band-Aid@ by using machines, and by cutting down the size of the product. Sales skyrocketed, and Earle's vision became a reality.
By the time of his death in 1961, after being rewarded by Johnson and Johnson with a token vice-presidency and later with a seat on the Board of Directors, sales of the Band-Aid@ exceeded $30,000,000, and production to date exceeds one hundred billion. All of this wealth can be attributed to a frustrated husband with an idea, a clumsy, accident-prone wife, a piece of sterile gauze, and a piece of surgical tape.
post-operative mortality rates: 术后死亡率
sterile gauze: 消毒纱布
surgical tape: 外用绷带
（来源：coolquiz.com 英语点津 Annabel 编辑）