[ 2007-06-07 19:04 ]
影片对白 If you
wanna serve the Commonwealth, this is your chance.
State police of the United
In the United States, state police are a police body unique to each U.S.
state, having statewide authority to conduct law enforcement activities and
criminal investigations. In general, they perform functions outside the normal
or the county sheriff, such as enforcing traffic laws on state highways and
interstate expressways, overseeing the security of the state capitol complex, protecting the
governor, training new officers for local police forces too small to operate an
academy, providing technological and scientific support services, and helping to
coordinate multi-jurisdictional task force activity in serious or complicated
cases in those states that grant full police powers statewide. A general trend
has be to bring all of these agencies under a state Department of Public Safety.
Additionally they may be under several agencies, such as the Highway Patrol
being under the state Department of Transportation. Some states have both a
State Police and A Highway patrol, such as Arkansas and Rhode Island.
They have emerged at various times in the history of each particular state,
alternately evolving from corps of mounted rangers (the term trooper coming from
cavalry parlance) or being newly established as a fully motorized highway
Twenty-three U.S. states actually call their state police by the term "State
Police." In this case state police are general-power law enforcement officers
with statewide jurisdiction, who conduct patrols and respond to calls for
service and perform all the other aforementioned duties. The State Police may be
the name of the entire agency or it may fall under a Department of Public
Safety. These states are: Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois,
Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan,
New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode
Island, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia.
In other states the state police are known by different names. However, most
have the same jurisdiction over the entire state as the agencies that are simply
called "State Police". The names are usually historical and do not necessarily
describe the agency's function or jurisdiction. They may exist as part of or
separate from the state police:
- State Highway Patrol (Missouri, North Carolina, Ohio);
- Highway Patrol (California, Florida, Kansas,
Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, North Dakota, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South
Dakota, Tennessee, Utah, Wyoming),
- State Patrol (Colorado, Minnesota, Nebraska, Washington,
Other State Police agencies
- State Bureaus of Investigation (SBI) - the state's
- State Bureau of Narcotics - the state's [DEA].
- Department of Public Safety or DPS, exist in 30 states
(Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Hawaii,
Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota,
Mississippi, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, Nevada, North
Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas,
Utah, and Vermont), many of which contain the State Police and in some cases
the Highway Patrol.
- Motor Carrier Enforcement - another organization with
many various titles and may be part of the actual State Police or Highway
Patrol. Many belong the their state's Department of Transportation. Conducts
vehicle inspections and enforces the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Assistance
Program (MCSAP) as mandated by the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration
(FMCSA). It conducts safety inspections of commercial motor vehicles
(primarily trucks and buses), inspects highway shipments of hazardous
materials, and performs compliance reviews (safety performance audits) on
motor carriers. The DPS adopts and enforces driver and vehicle safety
regulations and hazardous materials regulations as part of this program.
- Marine Patrol
The Departed《无间道风云》（精讲之一）考考你 参考答案
Massachusetts State Police has a long tradition of excellence. Your
graduation today solidifies your acceptance into one of the finest law
enforcement agencies in our nation. As the governor of the Commonwealth of
Massachusetts I am confident each and every one of you will serve with
distinction, honor and integrity.