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Pride & Prejudice 《傲慢与偏见》(精讲之六)
[ 2006-08-04 11:25 ]

主持人:任亚凌

北京新东方学校听力口语部教师,主讲听说速成,电影英语。曾在大学任教多年,在英语听说读写方面积累了丰富的教学经验,并曾参与编写过一套大学英语四级考试听力部分的辅导教材。同时任亚凌老师在口译和笔译方面经验丰富,把电影教学和翻译实践结合在一起,希望能使学员在电影听说的过程中,使自己的语言表达更加流畅和精确。

 

文化面面观 十八世纪英国的财产继承与婚姻

思想火花 理想婚姻的梦想

考考你 小试牛刀

影片对白

Lady Catherine: You can be of no loss, Miss Bennet, to understand why I am here.

Elizabeth: Indeed you're mistaken. I cannot account for this honour at all.

Catherine: Miss Bennet, I warn you, I am not to be trifled with. A report of a most alarming nature has reached me, that you intend to be united with my nephew, Mr. Darcy. I know this to be a scandalous falsehood, though not wishing to injure him by supposing it possible, I instantly set off to make my sentiments known.

Elizabeth: If you believed it to be impossible, I wonder you took the trouble of coming so far.

Catherine: To hear it contradicted, Miss Bennet.

Elizabeth: Your coming will be a rather confirmation, surely if indeed such a report exists.

Catherine: If? Do you pretend to be ignorant of it? Has it not been industriously circulated by yourself?

Elizabeth: I have never heard of it.

Catherine: And can you declare there is no foundation for it?

Elizabeth: I do not pretend to possess equal frankness with your Ladyship. You may ask a question which I may choose not to answer.

Catherine: This is not to be borne. Has my nephew made you an offer of marriage?

Elizabeth: Your Ladyship has declared it to be impossible.

Catherine: Let me be understood! Mr. Darcy is engaged to my daughter. Now what have you to say?

Elizabeth: Only this. If that is the case, you can have no reason to suppose he would make an offer to me.

Catherine: You selfish girl! This union has been planned since their infancy. Do you think it can be prevented by a young woman of inferior birth whose own sister's elopement resulted in a scandalously patched-up marriage only achieved at the expense of your uncle? Heaven and Earth! Are the shades of Pemberley to be thus polluted? Now tell me once and for all, are you engaged to him?

Elizabeth: I am not.

Catherine: Will you promise never to enter into such an engagement?

Elizabeth: I will not and I certainly never shall. You have insulted me in every possible way and can now have nothing further to say. I must ask you to leave immediately. Goodnight.

Catherine: I have never been thus treated in my entire life!

Mr. Bennet: Lizzie, what on earth is going on?

Elizabeth: Just a small misunderstanding.

Mrs. Bennet: Lizzie?

Elizabeth: For once in your life, leave me alone!

妙词佳句,活学活用

1. account for

这里是“解释;说明”的意思。
e.g. She could not account for her mistake.
她无法解释其错误。
I can't account for Peter's unhappiness.
我说不出彼得不高兴的原因。
Account的一些常用习语还有
on no account决不,在任何条件下都不
on (one's) own account为了自身
take into account 考虑;顾及

2. trifle

在这里是“嘲弄,取笑”的意思。这个词还有一些其它的用法,如:
A. to play with or toy with玩弄, 戏耍
e.g. She trifled with my affections 她玩弄我的感情。
B. To waste time or money 虚度光阴,浪费
e.g. You should not trifle with your health. 你不要疏忽你的健康。
Trifle还可以做名词,意思是"小事,琐事,微不足道的东西"。
e.g. I have no money on trifles. 我没钱买这些小东西。

3. be ignorant of / in

这个搭配是“无知识的;不知道的,不了解的”的意思。我们来看两个例子:
She is very ignorant about her own country. 她对自己的国家很不了解。
What his plans are I am quite ignorant of. 我一点也不知道他的计划是什么。

4. once and for all

“断然地,坚决地,最后地”的意思,表示已经最终永久觉得了的意思。我们来看个例子:
e.g. Once and for all, we can't agree! 最后再说一遍,我们不能同意!
Once的词组还有一个For once,"就这一次,破例一回"的意思。
e.g. For once you didn't lie after you failed your exams.
你考试没通过,就这一次没撒谎。

Once构成的其它习惯用语还有一些:
All at once 突然,同时
Every once in a while 偶尔
Once and again 一再,再三
Once and away / once for all 一劳永逸,永久地,彻底地
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