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2019年政府工作报告(双语全文)

新华网 2019-03-18 09:54

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三、2019年政府工作任务
III.Tasks for 2019

 

今年经济社会发展任务重、挑战多、要求高。我们要突出重点、把握关键,扎实做好各项工作。
This year, in pursuing economic and social development, we will face weighty tasks, many challenges, and high demands. We must have clear priorities and address crucial issues to deliver a solid performance across the board.

 

(一)继续创新和完善宏观调控,确保经济运行在合理区间。坚持以市场化改革的思路和办法破解发展难题,发挥好宏观政策逆周期调节作用,丰富和灵活运用财政、货币、就业政策工具,增强调控前瞻性、针对性和有效性,为经济平稳运行创造条件。
1. We will continue to develop new and improved approaches to macro regulation and keep the main economic indicators within an appropriate range. We will keep using market-oriented reform thinking and approaches to resolve problems in development; make good use of countercyclical macro policy regulation; add to and use flexibly financial, monetary, and employment policy instruments; make regulation more forward-looking, targeted, and effective; and create the conditions for ensuring a stable economic performance.

 

实施更大规模的减税。普惠性减税与结构性减税并举,重点降低制造业和小微企业税收负担。
We will implement larger-scale tax cuts. We will introduce both general-benefit and structural tax cuts, focusing primarily on reducing tax burdens in manufacturing and on small and micro businesses.

 

深化增值税改革,将制造业等行业现行16%的税率降至13%,将交通运输业、建筑业等行业现行10%的税率降至9%,确保主要行业税负明显降低;保持6%一档的税率不变,但通过采取对生产、生活性服务业增加税收抵扣等配套措施,确保所有行业税负只减不增,继续向推进税率三档并两档、税制简化方向迈进。抓好年初出台的小微企业普惠性减税政策落实。这次减税,着眼“放水养鱼”、增强发展后劲并考虑财政可持续,是减轻企业负担、激发市场活力的重大举措,是完善税制、优化收入分配格局的重要改革,是宏观政策支持稳增长、保就业、调结构的重大抉择。
VAT reform will be deepened: we will reduce the current rate of 16 percent in manufacturing and other industries to 13 percent, and lower the rate in the transportation, construction, and other industries from 10 to 9 percent, thus ensuring that tax burdens in our main industries are meaningfully reduced; keep the lowest bracket rate unchanged at 6 percent, while adopting supporting measures, like increased tax deductions for producer and consumer services, to see that in all industries tax burdens only go down, not up; and continue making progress toward cutting the number of VAT brackets from three to two and simplifying the VAT system. We will ensure that the general-benefit tax cut policies issued at the start of the year for small and micro businesses are put into effect. Our moves to cut tax on this occasion aim at an accommodative effect to strengthen the basis for sustained growth while also considering the need to ensure fiscal sustainability; are a major measure to lighten the burden on businesses and boost market dynamism; are an important reform to improve the tax system and achieve better income distribution; and are the result of a major decision taken at the macro policy level in support of the efforts to ensure stable economic growth, employment, and structural adjustments.


明显降低企业社保缴费负担。下调城镇职工基本养老保险单位缴费比例,各地可降至16%。稳定现行征缴方式,各地在征收体制改革过程中不得采取增加小微企业实际缴费负担的做法,不得自行对历史欠费进行集中清缴。继续执行阶段性降低失业和工伤保险费率政策。今年务必使企业特别是小微企业社保缴费负担有实质性下降。加快推进养老保险省级统筹改革,继续提高企业职工基本养老保险基金中央调剂比例、划转部分国有资本充实社保基金。我们既要减轻企业缴费负担,又要保障职工社保待遇不受影响、养老金合理增长并按时足额发放,使社保基金可持续、企业与职工同受益。
We will significantly reduce enterprise contributions to social insurance schemes. We will lower the share borne by employers for urban workers’ basic aged-care insurance, and localities may cut contributions down to 16 percent. The social insurance premium collection methods currently in operation will be kept unchanged. No locality should take any measure that increases the burden on small and micro enterprises when reforming their collection systems, or require, on their own, that longstanding arrears be paid off in a lump sum. The current policy of reducing premiums for unemployment insurance and work injury compensation insurance will continue. This year, premium payments, particularly for small and micro businesses, must be substantively reduced. We will speed up reforms in the provincial-level management of aged-care insurance funds, continue to increase the proportion of enterprise workers’ basic pension funds under central government allocation, and replenish social security funds through the injection of state capital. We must reduce burdens on enterprises, but also ensure that employees’ social security benefits are not affected and aged-care pensions increase as appropriate and are paid on time and in full, so that social security funds are sustainable and both enterprises and employees benefit.


确保减税降费落实到位。减税降费直击当前市场主体的痛点和难点,是既公平又有效率的政策。全年减轻企业税收和社保缴费负担近2万亿元。这会给各级财政带来很大压力。为支持企业减负,各级政府要过紧日子,想方设法筹集资金。中央财政要开源节流,增加特定国有金融机构和央企上缴利润,一般性支出压减5%以上、“三公”经费再压减3%左右,长期沉淀资金一律收回。地方政府也要主动挖潜,大力优化支出结构,多渠道盘活各类资金和资产。我们要切实让市场主体特别是小微企业有明显减税降费感受,坚决兑现对企业和社会的承诺,困难再多也一定要把这件大事办成办好。
We will ensure tax and fee cuts are fully implemented.Tax cuts and fee reductions get right to the spot in tackling the pains and difficulties currently troubling market entities; as a policy option, they are both fair and efficient. This year, we will reduce the tax burdens on and social insurance contributions of enterprises by nearly 2 trillion yuan. This will create big pressure on government budgets at all levels. To support this lightening of the burden on enterprises, governments at all levels must tighten their belts and find workable means of raising funds. The central government needs to increase revenue and reduce expenditures. Profits turned in by designated state-owned financial institutions and enterprises directly under the central government should be increased; general expenditures should be cut by over 5 percent, spending on official overseas visits, official vehicles, and official hospitality should be cut by another 3 percent, and all funds that have long stayed unused will be taken back. Local governments also need to dig deep, take big steps to improve the mix of spending, and put various funds and assets to good use through multiple avenues. We will let market entities, especially small and micro businesses, feel the weight of their burden being meaningfully lightened, honoring our promise to enterprises and society, and seeing that no matter the number of difficulties, this important job gets done and gets done well.


着力缓解企业融资难融资贵问题。改革完善货币信贷投放机制,适时运用存款准备金率、利率等数量和价格手段,引导金融机构扩大信贷投放、降低贷款成本,精准有效支持实体经济,不能让资金空转或脱实向虚。加大对中小银行定向降准力度,释放的资金全部用于民营和小微企业贷款。支持大型商业银行多渠道补充资本,增强信贷投放能力,鼓励增加制造业中长期贷款和信用贷款。今年国有大型商业银行小微企业贷款要增长30%以上。清理规范银行及中介服务收费。完善金融机构内部考核机制,激励加强普惠金融服务,切实使中小微企业融资紧张状况有明显改善,综合融资成本必须有明显降低。
We will work hard to alleviate the difficulties faced by enterprises in accessing affordable financing.We will reform and refine monetary and credit supply mechanisms, and employ as needed a combination of quantitative and pricing approaches, like required reserve ratios and interest rates, to guide financial institutions in increasing credit supply and bringing down the cost of borrowing, ensure targeted and efficient support for the real economy, and avoid funds circulating within the financial sector without entering the real economy or being diverted out of the real economy. More targeted cuts will be made to required reserve ratios for medium and small banks; the additional funds thus released will be lent to private enterprises and small and micro businesses. We will support large commercial banks in replenishing capital through multiple channels, strengthen their capacity to supply credit, and encourage them to increase medium- and long-term loans and credit loans to the manufacturing sector. This year, loans to be granted to small and micro businesses by large state-owned commercial banks will increase by over 30 percent. Fees charged for banking and intermediary services will be overhauled. We will improve the internal assessment mechanisms of financial institutions, encourage more inclusive financial services, achieve a marked improvement in providing financing for medium, small, and micro enterprises, and see that there are definite reductions in overall financing costs.


有效发挥地方政府债券作用。今年拟安排地方政府专项债券2.15万亿元,比去年增加8000亿元,为重点项目建设提供资金支持,也为更好防范化解地方政府债务风险创造条件。合理扩大专项债券使用范围。继续发行一定数量的地方政府置换债券,减轻地方利息负担。鼓励采取市场化方式,妥善解决融资平台到期债务问题,不能搞“半拉子”工程。
We will make effective use of local government bonds.This year, 2.15 trillion yuan of special local government bonds will be issued, an 800 billion yuan increase on last year. This is designed to both provide funding for key projects and create conditions for better forestalling and defusing local governments’ debt risks. The scope of use for special local government bonds will be moderately expanded. We will continue the issuance of some local government bonds to replace outstanding debts in order to reduce the interest payment burdens of local governments. We will encourage the adoption of market approaches to solve the issue of maturing debts on financing platforms and make sure that projects financed by such debts are not stopped half way.


多管齐下稳定和扩大就业。扎实做好高校毕业生、退役军人、农民工等重点群体就业工作,加强对城镇各类就业困难人员的就业帮扶。对招用农村贫困人口、城镇登记失业半年以上人员的各类企业,三年内给予定额税费减免。加强对灵活就业、新就业形态的支持。坚决防止和纠正就业中的性别和身份歧视。
We will use multiple channels to achieve stable and expanding employment.We will work to ensure employment for key groups such as college graduates, demobilized military personnel, and rural migrant workers; and we should give greater employment support for urban jobseekers facing difficulties in securing employment. Enterprises hiring staff from rural poor people or urban residents registered as unemployed for at least six months will be entitled to a fixed amount of tax and fee deductions for three years. We will strengthen support for flexible employment and new forms of employment. We will resolutely protect against and stop gender and identity discrimination in employment.

 

实施职业技能提升行动,从失业保险基金结余中拿出1000亿元,用于1500万人次以上的职工技能提升和转岗转业培训。健全技术工人职业发展机制和政策。加快发展现代职业教育,既有利于缓解当前就业压力,也是解决高技能人才短缺的战略之举。改革完善高职院校考试招生办法,鼓励更多应届高中毕业生和退役军人、下岗职工、农民工等报考,今年大规模扩招100万人。扩大高职院校奖助学金覆盖面、提高补助标准,加快学历证书和职业技能等级证书互通衔接。
We will implement a vocational skills training initiative, and allocate 100 billion yuan from the surplus in unemployment insurance funds to provide training for over 15 million people upgrading their skills or switching jobs or industries. We will put in place better mechanisms and policies for the career development of skilled workers.Stepping up the development of modern vocational education is a strategic move that will not only ease current employment pressure, but also help to address the shortage of highly-skilled personnel. We will reform and improve the ways that vocational colleges conduct examinations and enrollment, encourage more high school graduates, demobilized military personnel, laid-off workers, and rural migrant workers to apply, and this year achieve a large-scale expansion of one million in student enrollments.We will expand the coverage of scholarships and grants for vocational college students and raise the level of financial assistance, and speed up work to align vocational technical grade certificates with academic credentials.

 

改革高职院校办学体制,加强师资队伍建设,提高办学质量。引导一批普通本科高校转为应用型大学。中央财政大幅增加对高职院校的投入,地方财政也要加强支持。设立中等职业教育国家奖学金。支持企业和社会力量兴办职业教育,加快产教融合实训基地建设。我们要以现代职业教育的大改革大发展,加快培养国家发展急需的各类技术技能人才,让更多青年凭借一技之长实现人生价值,让三百六十行人才荟萃、繁星璀璨。
 We will reform the operating mechanisms of vocational colleges, strengthen work on building the teaching workforce, and raise the quality of vocational education. We will encourage a number of regular undergraduate institutions to transform themselves into applied colleges.The central government will greatly increase fiscal support for vocational colleges, and local governments should also strengthen their support. A state scholarship for secondary vocational education will be established. We will support enterprises and private actors in providing vocational education, and speed up work to build instruction centers that integrate technical training and academic education. Through major reforms and the development of modern vocational education, we will move faster to train the different types of technicians and skilled workers urgently needed in China’s development, enabling more young people to gain professional skills and realize their potential and producing a vast range of talent ready to shine bright.


(二)激发市场主体活力,着力优化营商环境。我国有上亿市场主体,而且还在不断增加。把市场主体的活跃度保持住、提上去,是促进经济平稳增长的关键所在。要深化“放管服”改革,降低制度性交易成本,下硬功夫打造好发展软环境。
2. We will work to energize market entities and improve the business environment.There are hundreds of millions of market entities in China, and the number continues to grow. The key to promoting stable economic growth lies in maintaining and increasing their level of activity. We must push forward with reforms that delegate power, improve regulation, and upgrade services, bring down government-imposed transaction costs, and make every effort to create an enabling environment for development.


以简审批优服务便利投资兴业。市场配置资源是最有效率的形式。要进一步缩减市场准入负面清单,推动“非禁即入”普遍落实。政府要坚决把不该管的事项交给市场,最大限度减少对资源的直接配置,审批事项应减尽减,确需审批的要简化流程和环节,让企业多用时间跑市场、少费功夫跑审批。
We will cut government approvals and improve services to create a favorable environment for investment and business startups. Market allocation is the most efficient form of resource allocation. We will further shorten the negative list on market entry and promote across-the-board implementation of the policy of “entry unless on the list.” The government must act with resolve to hand matters it shouldn’t manage over to the market, and make maximum reductions to its direct allocation of resources. Every requirement for government approval that should be canceled will be canceled. When approval is required, the procedures and steps involved will be simplified. This will leave companies to spend more time doing business and less time chasing approvals.

 

今年,要对所有涉企经营许可事项实行“证照分离”改革,使企业更便捷拿到营业执照并尽快正常运营,坚决克服“准入不准营”的现象;在全国推开工程建设项目审批制度改革,使全流程审批时间大幅缩短。继续压缩专利审查和商标注册时间。
This year, all operating permits required of businesses will be separated from the business license to make it quicker and easier for companies to get a license and start operating as soon as possible; and we will put an end to the phenomenon of “letting firms in but not letting them do business.” Reform of the system for construction project approval will be introduced nationwide, and the time of approval needed at every stage of a project will be significantly shortened. We will continue to cut the time it takes to have a patent approved and a trademark registered.

 

推行网上审批和服务,抓紧建成全国一体化在线政务服务平台,加快实现一网通办、异地可办,使更多事项不见面办理,确需到现场办的要“一窗受理、限时办结”“最多跑一次”。持续开展“减证便民”改革行动,不能让繁琐证明来回折腾企业和群众。建立政务服务“好差评”制度,服务绩效由企业和群众来评判。政府部门做好服务是本分,服务不好是失职。
We will encourage online approvals and services, and work faster to build a national online platform for government services, enabling access via one website and remote processing, so that more matters can be handled without the need to be physically present. For matters that do require presence in person, they should be processed at a single window, within a specified time, and without the need for a second visit. We will continue to pursue the Cut Certification to Create Convenience reform initiative, and see that businesses and the public are not saddled with running from pillar to post for certificates.
We will establish a government service evaluation system, and let businesses and the public judge if our service is up to scratch. Delivering good services is what a government is meant to do; failure to do so means failing in its duties.


以公正监管促进公平竞争。公平竞争是市场经济的核心,公正监管是公平竞争的保障。改革完善公平竞争审查和公正监管制度,加快清理妨碍统一市场和公平竞争的各种规定和做法。
We will conduct impartial regulation to promote fair competition.Fair competition is at the heart of a market economy, and impartial regulation is a safeguard for fair competition. We will reform and improve the fair competition review and impartial regulation systems, and move faster to do away with all regulations and practices that impede the functioning of a unified market and fair competition.

 

政简易从。规则越简约透明,监管越有力有效。国家层面重在制定统一的监管规则和标准,地方政府要把主要力量放在公正监管上。
Simple regulations are easy to follow. The simpler and more transparent the rules are, the more robust and effective regulation is. At the national level, the focus is on developing unified regulatory rules and standards, while local governments should concentrate most of their energy on conducting impartial regulation.

 

推进“双随机、一公开”跨部门联合监管,推行信用监管和“互联网+监管”改革,优化环保、消防、税务、市场监管等执法方式,对违法者依法严惩、对守法者无事不扰。
We will continue interdepartmental oversight conducted through the random selection of both inspectors and inspection targets and the prompt release of results. We will promote credit rating-based regulation and the Internet Plus Regulation reform initiative, develop better ways of enforcing laws on environmental protection, fire prevention, tax collection, and market oversight, and see that law breakers are punished in accordance with law and the law-abiding are let be.

 

深化综合行政执法改革,清理规范行政处罚事项,坚决治理多头检查、重复检查。对监管者也要强监管、立规矩,决不允许搞选择性执法、任性执法,决不允许刁难企业和群众。依法打击制售假冒伪劣商品等违法行为,让严重违法者付出付不起的代价。完善失信联合惩戒机制,促进各类市场主体守法诚信经营。用公正监管管出公平、管出效率、管出活力。
We will deepen the reform of coordinated law enforcement by government departments, overhaul government penalties and punitive measures, and address overlap and duplication in enforcement. Regulators themselves must also be subject to strong oversight and follow rules. There can be no tolerance for selective or arbitrary law enforcement or for making things difficult for businesses and people.We will, in accordance with law, crack down on violations of law such as the production and sale of counterfeit and substandard goods, and make the price to pay for serious offenders too dear to afford. We will improve the mechanism for joint punitive action against bad faith, and encourage all market entities to do business in accordance with law and in good faith. We will use impartial regulation to ensure a fair, efficient, and dynamic market.


以改革推动降低涉企收费。深化电力市场化改革,清理电价附加收费,降低制造业用电成本,一般工商业平均电价再降低10%。深化收费公路制度改革,推动降低过路过桥费用,治理对客货运车辆不合理审批和乱收费、乱罚款。两年内基本取消全国高速公路省界收费站,实现不停车快捷收费,减少拥堵、便利群众。取消或降低一批铁路、港口收费。专项治理中介服务收费。继续清理规范行政事业性收费。加快收费清单“一张网”建设,让收费公开透明,让乱收费无处藏身。
We will carry out reforms to promote reductions in business-related charges.
We will deepen market-oriented reforms in the electric power sector, overhaul surcharges on electricity prices, lower electricity costs in manufacturing, and cut the average electricity price for general industrial and commercial businesses by another 10 percent.We will advance the reform of the toll roads system, move to cut tolls on highways and bridges, and put a stop to unjustified requirements for approval as well as arbitrary charges and fines on passenger and freight transport vehicles. Within two years, we will remove almost all expressway toll booths at provincial borders and make nonstop, swift collection a reality. This will cut traffic congestion and make road transport more convenient. A number of railway and port charges will be abolished or lowered.We will launch an initiative to address the collection of charges by intermediary organizations. We will continue reviewing and standardizing government levied charges. We will speed up the development of a comprehensive listing system for the collection of fees and charges, making charge collecting open and transparent and leaving unauthorized charges no place to hide.


(三)坚持创新引领发展,培育壮大新动能。发挥我国人力人才资源丰富、国内市场巨大等综合优势,改革创新科技研发和产业化应用机制,大力培育专业精神,促进新旧动能接续转换。
3. We will continue to pursue innovation-driven development and foster new growth drivers.We will make full use of our country’s combined strengths—its abundant human resources and talent and vast domestic market, reform and develop new mechanisms for scientific and technological R&D and industrial application, and foster professionalism, to speed up the replacement of old growth drivers with new ones.

 

推动传统产业改造提升。围绕推动制造业高质量发展,强化工业基础和技术创新能力,促进先进制造业和现代服务业融合发展,加快建设制造强国。打造工业互联网平台,拓展“智能+”,为制造业转型升级赋能。支持企业加快技术改造和设备更新,将固定资产加速折旧优惠政策扩大至全部制造业领域。强化质量基础支撑,推动标准与国际先进水平对接,提升产品和服务品质,让更多国内外用户选择中国制造、中国服务。
We will work to transform and upgrade traditional industries. To promote the development of high-quality manufacturing, we will strengthen the foundations of industry and the capacity for technological innovation, boost the integrated development of advanced manufacturing and modernized services, and work faster to make China strong in manufacturing.We will create industrial internet platforms and expand Intelligent Plus initiatives to facilitate transformation and upgrading in manufacturing. We will support enterprises in speeding up technological transformation and equipment upgrading by extending the preferential policy of accelerated depreciation of fixed assets to the entire manufacturing sector. We will strengthen the supporting capacity of quality infrastructure, upgrade our standards to meet advanced international ones, and improve the quality of products and services to encourage more domestic and foreign users to choose Chinese goods and services.


促进新兴产业加快发展。深化大数据、人工智能等研发应用,培育新一代信息技术、高端装备、生物医药、新能源汽车、新材料等新兴产业集群,壮大数字经济。坚持包容审慎监管,支持新业态新模式发展,促进平台经济、共享经济健康成长。加快在各行业各领域推进“互联网+”。持续推动网络提速降费。开展城市千兆宽带入户示范,改造提升远程教育、远程医疗网络,推动移动网络扩容升级,让用户切实感受到网速更快更稳定。
We will work to speed up the growth of emerging industries.We will strengthen R&D and the application of big data and artificial intelligence technologies, foster clusters of emerging industries like next-generation information technology, high-end equipment, biomedicine, new-energy automobiles, and new materials, and expand the digital economy. We will continue accommodative and prudential regulation, support the growth of new forms and models of business, and stimulate the healthy development of the platform economy and the sharing economy. We will speed up efforts to pursue Internet Plus initiatives in all industries and sectors.We will continue to speed up broadband and lower internet rates. We will launch demo projects to extend 1,000M broadband connectivity to urban homes, upgrade networks for distance education and telemedicine, and increase the capacity of and upgrade mobile networks, to provide faster and more reliable broadband connections for internet users.

 

今年中小企业宽带平均资费再降低15%,移动网络流量平均资费再降低20%以上,在全国实行“携号转网”,规范套餐设置,使降费实实在在、消费者明明白白。
This year, average broadband service rates for small and medium enterprises will be lowered by another 15 percent, and average rates for mobile internet services will be further cut by more than 20 percent. Cellphone subscribers nationwide will be able to keep their numbers while switching carriers, and cellphone packages will be regulated to achieve solid fee cuts for all consumers to see.


提升科技支撑能力。加大基础研究和应用基础研究支持力度,强化原始创新,加强关键核心技术攻关。抓紧布局国家实验室,重组国家重点实验室体系。
We will increase our ability to provide scientific and technological support.
We will increase support for basic research and application-oriented basic research, step up original innovation, and work harder to achieve breakthroughs in core technologies in key fields. We will act quickly to undertake overall planning on national laboratories and restructure the system of key national laboratories. 

 

完善重大科技项目组织管理。健全以企业为主体的产学研一体化创新机制,支持企业牵头实施重大科技项目。加快建设科技创新资源开放共享平台,强化对中小企业的技术创新服务。扩大国际创新合作。全面加强知识产权保护,健全知识产权侵权惩罚性赔偿制度,促进发明创造和转化运用。

We will improve the organization and management of major science and technology programs.We will refine enterprise-led mechanisms for bringing together firms, universities, and research institutes to engage in innovation, and support companies in heading up major science and technology programs. We will speed up the development of platforms for sharing scientific and technological innovation resources, and provide better services to small and medium businesses to facilitate their technological innovation. Innovation cooperation with other countries will be expanded. We will strengthen intellectual property protection across the board, improve the system of punitive compensation for IP infringements, and promote invention and creation and their industrial application.

 

科技创新本质上是人的创造性活动。要充分尊重和信任科研人员,赋予创新团队和领军人才更大的人财物支配权和技术路线决策权。进一步提高基础研究项目间接经费占比,开展项目经费使用“包干制”改革试点,不设科目比例限制,由科研团队自主决定使用。完善科技成果评价机制。
Technological innovation is in essence a human creative activity. We must fully respect and trust our scientists and researchers, and empower teams and leaders of innovation by placing more human, financial, and material resources at their disposal and giving them more power to make decisions on technology roadmaps. We will further increase the proportion of indirect funding for basic research projects, pilot the creation of ceilings in funding that enable the retention of unused funds, set no limits on the proportions of spending items, and give research teams the power to decide how to use funds. We will improve the assessment mechanisms for advances in science and technology.

 

要在推动科技体制改革举措落地见效上下功夫,决不能让改革政策停留在口头上、纸面上。大力简除烦苛,使科研人员潜心向学、创新突破。加强科研伦理和学风建设,惩戒学术不端,力戒浮躁之风。我国有世界上最大规模的科技人才队伍,营造良好的科研生态,就一定能够迎来各类英才竞现、创新成果泉涌的生动局面。
We will work to ensure that measures to reform science and technology management systems are fully implemented, and must not allow reform policies to become hollow promises. We will work hard to cut red tape to enable researchers to concentrate on the pursuit of learning, innovation, and breakthroughs. We will strengthen research ethics, improve academic practice, take disciplinary action against academic misconduct, and guard firmly against rash action. China has the largest pool of scientific and technological personnel in the world. If we foster a healthy research environment, we’ll be sure to see brilliant and capable people emerge in all fields and create a boundless stream of innovations.


进一步把大众创业万众创新引向深入。鼓励更多社会主体创新创业,拓展经济社会发展空间,加强全方位服务,发挥双创示范基地带动作用。强化普惠性支持,落实好小规模纳税人增值税起征点从月销售额3万元提高到10万元等税收优惠政策。改革完善金融支持机制,设立科创板并试点注册制,鼓励发行双创金融债券,扩大知识产权质押融资,支持发展创业投资。改革完善人才培养、使用、评价机制,优化归国留学人员和外籍人才服务。把面向市场需求和弘扬人文精神结合起来,善聚善用各类人才,中国创新一定能更好发展,为人类文明进步作出应有贡献。
We will do more to encourage startups and innovation nationwide.We will encourage more private actors to engage in innovation and start businesses, expand the space for economic and social development, strengthen comprehensive services, and give play to the pathfinding role of innovation and entrepreneurship demo centers. We will strengthen inclusive support for innovation and business startups, and implement preferential tax policies such as raising the VAT threshold from 30,000 to 100,000 yuan in monthly sales for small-scale taxpayers. We will reform and improve financial support mechanisms, establish a science and technology innovation board that will pilot an IPO registration system, encourage the issuing of special bonds for innovation and entrepreneurship, expand the use of intellectual property pledge financing, and support the growth of venture capital investment. We will reform and improve mechanisms for training, employing, and evaluating capable people and provide better services for students returning from overseas and foreign professionals. By combining our response to market demand with a championing of the spirit of humanity, and by bringing together and using well capable people with talents of all kinds, we will be sure to see better development in Chinese innovation, and thus do our part for the progress of human civilization.


(四)促进形成强大国内市场,持续释放内需潜力。充分发挥消费的基础作用、投资的关键作用,稳定国内有效需求,为经济平稳运行提供有力支撑。
4. We will stimulate the development of a robust domestic market and keep unlocking the potential of domestic demand.We will fully leverage the basic role of consumption and the key role of investment, ensure steady effective domestic demand, and thus boost stable economic performance.


推动消费稳定增长。多措并举促进城乡居民增收,增强消费能力。落实好新修订的个人所得税法,使符合减税政策的约8000万纳税人应享尽享。要顺应消费需求的新变化,多渠道增加优质产品和服务供给,加快破除民间资本进入的堵点。
We will promote steady growth in consumption. We will use a combination of measures to increase urban and rural personal incomes and boost capacity for consumption. We will fully implement the revised Individual Income Tax Law to see that approximately 80 million taxpayers to whom reductions apply get the most out of these policies. We will adapt to new changes in consumption needs, use multiple avenues to increase the supply of quality products and services, and act faster to resolve problems and difficulties blocking the entry of private investment.

 

我国60岁以上人口已达2.5亿。要大力发展养老特别是社区养老服务业,对在社区提供日间照料、康复护理、助餐助行等服务的机构给予税费减免、资金支持、水电气热价格优惠等扶持,新建居住区应配套建设社区养老服务设施,加强农村养老服务设施建设,改革完善医养结合政策,扩大长期护理保险制度试点,让老年人拥有幸福的晚年,后来人就有可期的未来。
The number of people in China aged 60 and above has now reached 250 million. We will take significant steps to develop elderly care, especially community elderly care services. We will provide support to institutions offering services in the community like day care, rehabilitation care, and assisted meals and assisted mobility using measures such as tax and fee cuts and exemptions, funding support, and reduced charges for water, electricity, gas, and heating. New residential areas should include facilities for community elderly care services, and we will step up the development of such facilities in rural areas. We will reform and refine policies for integrating medical and elderly care services, and extend trials for long-term care insurance to cover more areas. Only when the elderly live happily can the young have a future to look forward to.

 

婴幼儿照护事关千家万户。要针对实施全面两孩政策后的新情况,加快发展多种形式的婴幼儿照护服务,支持社会力量兴办托育服务机构,加强儿童安全保障。促进家政服务业提质扩容。发展全域旅游,壮大旅游产业。稳定汽车消费,继续执行新能源汽车购置优惠政策,推动充电、加氢等设施建设。发展消费新业态新模式,促进线上线下消费融合发展,培育消费新增长点。健全农村流通网络,支持电商和快递发展。加强消费者权益保护,让群众放心消费、便利消费。
Infant and child care is important to millions of families. In response to the new demands created by the full implementation of the two-child policy, we will move faster to develop various types of infant and child care services, encourage private actors to run childcare and early childhood education agencies, and provide better protection for the safety of our children.We will promote higher quality and an expansion of capacity in the housekeeping service sector. We will develop integrated tourism and strengthen the tourism industry. To maintain stable automobile consumption, we will continue preferential policies on the purchase of new-energy vehicles and facilitate the building of charging and hydrogenation facilities. We will develop new forms and models of consumption, promote the growth of both online and offline consumption, and foster new growth areas in consumer spending. We will improve logistics networks in rural areas and support the development of e-commerce and express delivery services. We will strengthen the protection of consumers’ rights and interests, and ensure worry-free and convenient consumption.


合理扩大有效投资。紧扣国家发展战略,加快实施一批重点项目。完成铁路投资8000亿元、公路水运投资1.8万亿元,再开工一批重大水利工程,加快川藏铁路规划建设,加大城际交通、物流、市政、灾害防治、民用和通用航空等基础设施投资力度,加强新一代信息基础设施建设。今年中央预算内投资安排5776亿元,比去年增加400亿元。
We will expand effective investment as appropriate. We will closely follow national development strategies and accelerate the implementation of a number of key projects. 800 billion yuan will be invested in railway construction, 1.8 trillion yuan will be invested in road construction and waterway projects, and work will start on a number of major water conservancy projects. We will speed up planning and construction of the Sichuan-Tibet Railway, and boost infrastructure investment for intercity transportation, logistics, utilities, disaster prevention and mitigation, and civil and general aviation. We will further develop next-generation information infrastructure. This year, 577.6 billion yuan is included in the central government budget for related investment, an increase of 40 billion yuan on last year.

 

创新项目融资方式,适当降低基础设施等项目资本金比例,用好开发性金融工具,吸引更多民间资本参与重点领域项目建设。落实民间投资支持政策,有序推进政府和社会资本合作。改革完善招投标制度。政府要带头讲诚信守契约,决不能“新官不理旧账”,对拖欠企业的款项年底前要清偿一半以上,决不允许增加新的拖欠。
We will explore new forms of project financing, lower as appropriate capital contribution requirements for infrastructure projects, make good use of developmental financial instruments, and attract more private capital into projects in key areas. We will see that policies to encourage private investment are implemented, and take systematic steps to strengthen cooperation between the government and private capital. We will undertake reforms to improve the public bidding system.
The government must set an example in acting in good faith and honoring contracts; new officials must not be allowed to get away with ignoring obligations undertaken by predecessors. Over 50 percent of overdue payments to enterprises must be made by the end of the year, and new arrears are impermissible.


(五)对标全面建成小康社会任务,扎实推进脱贫攻坚和乡村振兴。坚持农业农村优先发展,加强脱贫攻坚与乡村振兴统筹衔接,确保如期实现脱贫攻坚目标、农民生活达到全面小康水平。
5. We will make solid progress in poverty alleviation and rural revitalization and move closer to completing the tasks of building a moderately prosperous society in all respects.We will continue to prioritize the development of agriculture and rural areas, strengthen both poverty alleviation and rural revitalization, and ensure that the poverty alleviation goals are achieved and rural living standards reach the level of moderate prosperity in all respects according to plan.


打好精准脱贫攻坚战。重点解决实现“两不愁三保障”面临的突出问题,加大“三区三州”等深度贫困地区脱贫攻坚力度,加强基础设施建设,落实对特殊贫困人口的保障措施。脱贫致富离不开产业支撑,要大力扶持贫困地区发展特色优势产业。开展贫困地区控辍保学专项行动、明显降低辍学率,继续增加重点高校专项招收农村和贫困地区学生人数,用好教育这个阻断贫困代际传递的治本之策。
We will beat poverty with precision alleviation. We will give priority to our work of seeing that the basic living needs of rural poor populations are met and that such people have access to compulsory education, basic medical services, and housing. We will intensify poverty alleviation in areas of extreme poverty like the “three regions and three prefectures,( The “three regions” refers to Tibet, four prefectures of southern Xinjiang—Hotan, Aksu, Kashi, and the Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture of Kizilsu, and the areas of Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu, and Qinghai provinces with large Tibetan populations; the “three prefectures” are Liangshan in Sichuan, Nujiang in Yunnan, and Linxia in Gansu.)” strengthen infrastructure development in such areas, and ensure social safeguards for the most vulnerable groups.
The eradication of poverty and achievement of prosperity cannot happen without the support of industries. We will do more to support impoverished areas in developing businesses that leverage local strengths. We will launch an initiative to address school dropout rates and ensure attendance, and achieve clear reductions in rural student dropout rates in poor areas. We will continue to increase the size of special enrollment quotas at key universities for students from rural and poor areas, and make full use of the fundamental role of education in stopping poverty from being passed on to the next generation.

 

基本完成“十三五”易地扶贫搬迁规划建设任务,加强后续扶持。对摘帽县和脱贫人口的扶持政策要保持一段时间,巩固脱贫成果。完善考核监督,用好中央脱贫攻坚专项巡视成果。越是到脱贫攻坚的关键阶段,越要抓实抓细各项工作,确保脱贫有实效、可持续、经得起历史检验。
We will move toward completion of the 13th Five-Year Plan’s construction tasks for planned relocations of poor populations from inhospitable areas, and strengthen follow-up support. Support policies that apply to counties and populations that have recently been lifted out of poverty will be maintained for a period to consolidate progress in poverty alleviation. We will improve evaluation and oversight, and ensure that the results of special inspections on poverty alleviation by central government inspection teams serve their intended purpose. The further we get in the crucial stage of the fight, the greater the need, in every aspect of our work, to tackle real problems with attention paid to details, to be certain to deliver substantive, sustainable outcomes that stand the test of time.


抓好农业特别是粮食生产。近14亿中国人的饭碗,必须牢牢端在自己手上。要稳定粮食产量,优化品种结构。加强农田水利建设,新增高标准农田8000万亩以上。稳定生猪等畜禽生产,做好非洲猪瘟等疫病防控。
We will improve agriculture, particularly grain production. We must ensure, through our own efforts, the grain supply for almost 1.4 billion Chinese people. To this end, we will keep grain output stable and optimize the mix of crop varieties. We will strengthen farmland irrigation and water conservancy, and increase the area of high-standard cropland by no less than 5.33 million hectares. We will ensure that the production of hogs and other types of livestock, and poultry, remains stable, and strengthen the prevention and control of epidemics and diseases like African swine fever.

 

加快农业科技改革创新,大力发展现代种业,加强先进实用技术推广,实施地理标志农产品保护工程,推进农业全程机械化。培育家庭农场、农民合作社等新型经营主体,加强面向小农户的社会化服务,发展多种形式规模经营。扶持主产区发展农产品精深加工。
We will speed up reform and innovation in agricultural technologies, make a big push to develop a modern seed industry, step up efforts to encourage the widespread use of advanced practical technologies, implement programs to protect agricultural products with geographical indications, and advance the mechanization of entire agricultural production processes. We will foster new types of agricultural businesses such as family farms and farmer cooperatives, improve commercial services catering to small agricultural households, and develop a diverse range of large-scale agricultural operations. We will support major agricultural production areas in developing intensive farm product processing.

 

支持返乡入乡创业创新,推动一二三产业融合发展,壮大县域经济。务工收入是农民增收的大头。要根治拖欠农民工工资问题,抓紧制定专门行政法规,确保付出辛劳和汗水的农民工按时拿到应有的报酬。
We will provide support to people who are returning or moving to the countryside to start businesses or pursue innovations, promote the integrated development of the primary, secondary, and tertiary industries, and strengthen county economies. Income from nonagricultural work plays a big part in increasing rural incomes. We must address at the root wage arrears owed to rural migrant workers, act fast to draw up government regulations specifically with this aim, and make sure that our hard-working rural migrant workers get the pay they have earned on time.

 


扎实推进乡村建设。科学编制和实施建设规划,大力改善生产生活条件。加快实施农村饮水安全巩固提升工程,今明两年要解决好饮水困难人口的饮水安全问题,提高6000万农村人口供水保障水平。完成新一轮农村电网升级改造。新建改建农村公路20万公里。继续推进农村危房改造。因地制宜开展农村人居环境整治,推进“厕所革命”、垃圾污水治理,建设美丽乡村。
We will take solid steps to upgrade rural infrastructure. To significantly improve living and working conditions, we will design sound development plans and put them into effect. Implementation will be accelerated of programs to consolidate and build on progress already made in providing safe drinking water in rural areas. Remaining problems in access to safe drinking water will be resolved within two years so that an additional 60 million rural residents have access to safe drinking water. The new round of rural power grid upgrading will be completed. Roughly 200,000 kilometers of rural roads will be built or improved. We will continue to renovate dilapidated rural houses. We will work to improve rural living environments in light of local conditions, make progress in the Toilet Revolution, and improve garbage and sewage treatment to build a beautiful countryside.

 


全面深化农村改革。推广农村土地征收、集体经营性建设用地入市、宅基地制度改革试点成果。深化集体产权、集体林权、国有林区林场、农垦、供销社等改革。改革完善农业支持保护体系,健全粮食价格市场化形成机制,扩大政策性农业保险改革试点,创新和加强农村金融服务。持续深化农村改革,广袤乡村必将焕发新的生机活力。
We will deepen comprehensive rural reforms. We will expand the use of practices proven successful through trials of rural land requisitions, marketing rural collective land for development purposes, and reforming the system of rural residential land. We will deepen reforms relating to collective property rights, collective forest tenure, state forestry areas and farms, state farms, and supply and marketing cooperatives. We will reform and improve the agricultural protection and support system, refine the market-based pricing mechanism for grains, expand trial reforms on policy-based agricultural insurance, and create new and better ways of providing financial services in rural areas. Rural reforms will be deepened, and all these efforts will without doubt inject new vitality in China’s vast countryside.

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