BBC Learning English 英语教学







动词 “expect”、“wait” 和 “hope” 都可以用来谈论将来要发生的事情,但它们的意思不同。动词 “expect” 表示 “某事可能会发生”;动词 “wait” 表示 “花时间等待某事发生”;动词 “hope” 表示 “盼望某事会发生”。看视频,学习这三个易混词语的用法。


Hi! I'm Phil from BBC Learning English. Today, I'm going to tell you the difference between expectwait and hope.

They all talk about things in the future, but they don't mean the same.

We use expect to say that we think something is likely. It's raining today, so I expect the traffic will be really bad.

When we talk about time passing, we don't use expect, we use wait. I'm waiting for the rain to stop.

When we talk about wanting something to happen, we don't use expect, we use hope. I hope it will be sunny tomorrow.

So, just remember: You expect what's likely. Wait for things that take time. And hope for things that you want to happen.

I expect you knew that, but I hope you'll practise it. I'm waiting for you to start... go on!


1 Expect
动词 “expect(预计)” 表示 “某事可能会发生”。“Expect” 后接不定式 “to do”、宾语或由 “that” 引导的从句。

expect to arrive by 4.

expect you to clean your room.

It's raining today, so I expect (that) the traffic will be really bad.

2 Wait
动词 “wait(等待)” 表示 “花时间等待某事发生”。“Wait” 后通常接介词 “for” (wait for something)或接不定式 “to do”(wait to do something)。

I'm waiting for the rain to stop.

He'll never wait for you to arrive if he wants to leave.

We should wait to see what happens.

3 Hope
动词 “hope (希望)” 表示 “盼望某事会发生” 。“Hope” 后接 “for”、不定式 “to do” 或由 “that” 引导的从句。 

Never give up. You have to hope for the best.

That was fun. I hope to see you again soon!

I hope (that) it will be sunny tomorrow.

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