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chinadaily.com.cn 2021-12-30 17:54

Workers assemble vehicles in a smart factory of Chang'an Kuayue Automobile Co Ltd in Wanzhou district, Southwest China's Chongqing municipality, Sept 23, 2020. [Photo/Xinhua]

>Plan on digitalization, networking of manufacturing

China will see 70% of its major manufacturing firms basically digitalized and networked by 2025, according to a development plan on smart manufacturing. The plan, issued by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other departments on Tuesday, also states that all of China's manufacturing firms above a designated size will be digitalized and connected by 2035. China will also build more than 500 industry-leading smart-manufacturing demonstration plants by 2025, according to the plan.

Although China's smart manufacturing has progressed from the pilot test phase to application, it still lags behind the standard of high-quality development.

The plan proposes a range of special actions, including innovation, application, supply and support, to advance the development of smart manufacturing.


A cashier counts renminbi notes at a bank in Taiyuan, Shanxi province. [Photo/China News Service]

>Work-relief programs to benefit greatly in 2022

China's National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Finance have allocated 4.05 billion yuan from the 2022 central government funding to support programs that provide work for people in need as a form of relief, the commission said Tuesday. The advance allocation will mobilize 500 million yuan worth of local government funding, support over 1,200 work-relief programs, and help stabilize employment and increase income for nearly 100,000 rural residents who have shed poverty, and low-income earners, said a statement on the NDRC website.

More support will go to Henan, Shanxi, and other provinces hardest hit by torrential rains and floods this year. Rural residents who have shed poverty and low-income earners will be encouraged to participate in these work-relief programs to help them find jobs and boost incomes in places close to their homes.



>China leads world in 4 scientific fields

China is leading the world in four scientific fields in terms of the total number of citations generated by the country's international academic papers published over the past decade, according to annual reports published on Monday by the Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China.

These four fields are materials science, chemistry, engineering technology and computer science, with computer science being added to the list this year, the report said.

Last year, China published 1,833 research papers and articles in 15 of the world's top scientific publications, including Nature, Science and Cell. This feat placed China two spots higher on the rankings than in 2019, reaching second place behind the United States.

Last year, Chinese scientists co-wrote around 144,500 scientific papers, 14,400 more than in 2019, with collaborators from 169 countries and regions. China's total number of co-authored papers increased by 11.1 percent in 2020 compared with the previous year, with the US being China's biggest partner in scientific literature.



>1,500 languages could be lost

By the end of this century, an estimated 1,500 languages will have disappeared forever across the world, according to a new study.

Unveiling the findings in the journal Nature Ecology and Evolution, researchers warned that of the world's 7,000 recognized languages, around half are endangered. The study was led by the Australian National University.

The study found that greater road density was linked to higher risk of endangerment.

Greater endangerment was also associated with higher average years of schooling, suggesting that formal education contributes to loss of language diversity.

The study found that unless there is intervention, the world could lose at least one language per month.

The authors recommended "urgent investment" in community-based programs like bilingual education programs and language documentation.

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