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美国中情局再曝侵犯人权丑闻,用数百名儿童做人体实验 Documentarian reveals unethical CIA experiments on children

中国日报网 2022-02-07 15:59

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近日,丹麦播出的纪录片《寻找自我》曝光了美国中央情报局(CIA)在上世纪60年代针对311名丹麦儿童实施人体实验的“黑历史”。CIA曾秘密资助一项长达数十年的人体实验,311名儿童在不知情的情况下被用作精神分裂研究的试验品。

[Photo/Agencies]


A Danish radio documentary series, The Search for Myself, did not hold back in leveling claims against the US Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) that it had financially aided experiments on 311 Danish children in the early 1960s. A good number of them were orphans or adopted.
丹麦广播纪录片《寻找自我》向美国中情局提出指控,称其在20世纪60年代初资助了一项针对311名丹麦儿童的实验,其中很多受试者是孤儿或领养儿童。


One such victim was the documentary maker Per Wennick, who claims that he was subjected to tests with no knowledge of their background in the basement of the Municipal Hospital in Copenhagen. These tests were supposedly designed to investigate links between heredity and environmental factors in engendering schizophrenia.
纪录片作者佩尔·温尼克就是其中一位受害者,他声称自己在哥本哈根市医院的地下室里接受了对其背景一无所知的测试。据称这些测试旨在研究遗传和环境因素在导致精神分裂症方面的联系。


Of particular interest in the experiment in question were the children of schizophrenic mothers. Of the 311 children in question, 207 had such mothers, while the rest, who constituted the control group, did not.
在该实验中,主要研究目标是母亲患有精神分裂症的孩子。在311名儿童中,有207人的母亲有精神分裂,而其余人则没有,他们构成了对照组。


Wennick was of the latter group. As with previous experiments of such ilk, Wennick received shallow enticements without information.
温尼克属于后一组。与之前的类似实验一样,他在一无所知的情况下受到诱导。


He was promised something exciting at the Municipal Hospital. For the pleasure of it all, he would also get 16 kroner. He sat in a chair, had headphones placed upon him, and was subjected to statements, screams and noises designed to frighten. Electrodes were placed upon his body, his heart rate, body temperature and sweat level were measured.
温尼克被许诺在哥本哈根市医院做一些有意思的事情。他还会因此得到16克朗。他坐在椅子上,戴着耳机,被人用言语、尖叫和噪音吓唬。他的身体上放置了电极,用来测量心率、体温和出汗量。


The program Wennick participated in was almost certainly a violation of the Nuremberg Code of 1947, which stipulates that:
几乎可以肯定,温尼克参与的项目违反了1947年《纽伦堡法典》,该法典规定:


'The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential.'
“受试者的自愿同意绝对必要。”


Consent can only be ethically obtained where the person has the legal capacity to do so, has exercise of free power of choice, and has 'sufficient knowledge and comprehension of the elements of the subject matter involved as to enable them to make an understanding and enlightened decision'.
只有在该人具有法律行为能力、行使自由选择权,并且“对所涉主题的要素有充分了解和理解,以使他们能够做出清楚和明智的决定”的情况下,受试者的同意才合乎道德。


Danish Radio credited US psychologist Zarnoff A. Mednick, then a professor at the University of Michigan, with the idea behind the research project. Unable to find a suitable study group in the US, he sought out Fini Schulsinger, a Danish professor at the Municipal Hospital. Together, they established a decades-long Danish-US research collaboration on Danish soil.
丹麦广播电台称,时任密歇根大学教授、美国心理学家扎诺夫·A·梅德尼克是该研究项目的幕后主脑。由于无法在美国找到合适的研究小组,他找到了哥本哈根市医院的丹麦教授菲尼·舒尔辛格。他们在丹麦建立了长达数十年的跨国研究合作关系。


According to Wennick and the National Archives, the research project was co-financed by the US health service. Furthermore, it received funding from the Human Ecology Fund, operated on behalf of the CIA.
据温尼克和(丹麦)国家档案馆称,该研究项目由美国卫生部门共同资助。此外,该项目还获得由中情局运作的人类生态基金的资助。

 

来源:Independent Australia
编辑:董静

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