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美国幸福指数首次跌出全球前20名 枪支暴力、代际贫富差距是主因 The US is no longer one of the 20 happiest countries. If you're young, you probably know why.

中国日报网 2024-03-21 17:06


据美国全国广播公司新闻网(NBC News)报道,联合国3月20日发布的《2024年度全球幸福指数报告》显示,受枪支暴力、代际贫富差距、政治两极分化等因素影响,美国儿童和年轻人越来越不快乐,导致美国的幸福指数排名下滑。




Happiness is a relative concept, but an annual index that tracks it in countries around the world has found that the United States and some Western European countries are falling in overall well-being because younger people are feeling less and less happy.



The US, in particular, dropped out of the top 20 for the first time, falling to 23rd place from 15th last year, driven by a large drop in the well-being of Americans under 30. The age disparity is stark: The US ranks in the top 10 for those over 60, but for those under 30, it ranks 62nd, pulling down the overall score.



The findings were announced Wednesday to mark the United Nations’ International Day of Happiness, It’s based on data collected by the research company Gallup and analysis by academics led by the University of Oxford in the UK.



For the first time this year, the report gave separate rankings by age group. The report found that Lithuania topped the list for people under 30, while Denmark is the world’s happiest country for those aged 60 and older.



"We had picked up in recent years from scattered sources of data that child and youth well-being, particularly so in the United States, had seen a drop,” said Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, professor of economics and behavioral science at Oxford, who is one of the editors of the report. “That has pushed us for the first time to really slice and dice the data by these age categories, which we normally don’t do.”



Well-being for people under 30 in the US ranks below the Dominican Republic, and is in line with countries such as Malaysia and Russia. Canada’s unhappy youth rank 58, four spots above the US.



When it comes to the tanking youth happiness in the US, De Neve said there is not a single smoking gun, but it is likely due to a combination of many factors ranging from political polarization to overuse of social media to uncertainty about the future and growing economic inequality between generations, with people under 30 struggling to get onto the real estate ladder.



Meanwhile, the report also found that in countries of central and Eastern Europe, younger people are much happier than the old. But these countries have also seen the largest increases in happiness, for all ages.



This year, Finland remained on top of the list, and was followed by Denmark, Iceland and Sweden. The lowest happiness scores were registered in war-ravaged Afghanistan.



The consistently high performance of Scandinavian nations is likely down to “a high sense of contentment” and high levels of trust in the society, De Neve said.






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