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救助显效慢 全球经济信心下滑
Global confidence slumps as downturn deepens, job losses mount
[ 2009-02-12 10:53 ]


救助显效慢 全球经济信心下滑

救助显效慢 全球经济信心下滑

Confidence in the world economy waned in February as stimulus packages were slow to revive growth and unemployment climbed, a survey of Bloomberg users on six continents showed.

Confidence in the world economy waned in February as stimulus packages were slow to revive growth and unemployment climbed, a survey of Bloomberg users on six continents showed.

The Bloomberg Professional Global Confidence Index fell to 8.5 from 8.7 in January. A reading below 50 means pessimists outnumber optimists. Sentiment about Latin America deteriorated the most, while respondents in Asia were the least pessimistic about their region, the year-old survey showed.

Advanced economies are already in a depression and government spending alone won't succeed in dragging the global economy out of its mire, according to International Monetary Fund Managing Director Dominique Strauss-Kahn. Central bank officials say transmission channels for their policy actions are still clogged, delaying the effect of interest-rate cuts.

"People are coming to the recognition that even with additional government spending it's not going to be easy," said John Silvia, chief economist at Wachovia Corp. in Charlotte, North Carolina, who regularly participates in the survey. "They're thinking this recession is going to persist."

A measure of US participants' confidence in the world's largest economy dropped to 8.6 from 9.5, the survey showed. Sentiment declined in most other markets, with the index for Mexico plunging to 7.8 from 17.9. The gauge for Western Europe rose to 9.1 from 8.4.

The survey of more than 3,060 Bloomberg users was conducted between Feb 2 and Feb. 6. Since the January survey, the IMF lowered its 2009 global growth forecast to the weakest in the postwar period.

Confidence worsened in the US as concern grew that the recession will be longer and deeper than was anticipated at the start of the year, the survey showed. President Barack Obama is pushing to enact a stimulus plan as companies including General Electric Co and Wal-Mart Stores Inc cut jobs.

Employers cut 598,000 jobs from US payrolls in January and the unemployment rate reached 7.6 percent, the highest level since 1992, government figures showed last week. The job losses of 3.57 million since the US recession began in December 2007 marks the nation's biggest employment slump of any economic contraction in the post World War II era.

"The jobs situation has really upset a lot of people," Silvia said. "Consumers aren't going to turn around and spend" all the money they may get from tax cuts under the stimulus plan.

Latin America

In Latin America, confidence plunged to 10.4 in February from 16.1 percent last month as the global crisis spread beyond commodity exports.

Brazil, the region's biggest economy, lost a record 655,000 jobs in December as companies slashed production by the most in at least 17 years. Mexico, which depends on the US to buy 80 percent of its exports, may enter a recession this year for the first time since 2001, the central bank said Jan 27.

With credit having shrunk, and five of the region's seven currencies down by more than 10 percent since September, Morgan Stanley expects economic growth in the region to contract 0.4 percent this year and the jobless rate may rise for the first time since 2003, according to the United Nations.

"Domestic demand has also lost momentum and now is contracting very fast," said Rodrigo Valdes, chief Latin American economist for Barclays Capital. "That's caught many people by surprise."

German survey respondents were among the few groups that were less pessimistic. The index for Germany rose to 14 from 13.2.

German business confidence unexpectedly climbed for the first time in eight months in January after the government doubled its economic stimulus package, Ifo data show.

Respondents in Western Europe still expect short-term and central bank interest rates to fall further, the survey showed.

The European Central Bank kept interest rates unchanged last week after cutting its main refinancing rate by a total of 225 basis points since early October to 2 percent.


救助显效慢 全球经济信心下滑

(英语点津 Helen 编辑)

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