BBC Learning English 英语教学




The secret recipe for ancient mummification 古埃及木乃伊的制作秘方


The secret recipe for ancient mummification 古埃及木乃伊的制作秘方


和 “抗腐蚀 stop deterioration” 有关的词汇


Which three ingredients are mentioned as part of the embalming recipe?


Fabric fragments of ancient history. These 6,000-year-old pieces of linen contain the chemical secret of mummification. The Egyptian mummy - the body preserved as a vessel for the eternal soul - is an icon of this ancient civilisation.


It's been resurrected in many a Hollywood film. But far from Egypt's great tombs, here in a storage facility for Bolton Museum in Northern England, the ancient Egyptians' embalming recipe has finally come to light, contained in textiles in the collection.

木乃伊在众多好莱坞大银幕上 “起死回生”。但在离埃及法老墓甚远的英格兰北部,在这个为博尔顿博物馆贮存藏品的设施里,古埃及人的进行防腐处理的方法终于得以揭晓,答案就藏在这批木乃伊的纺织物中。

Dr Stephen Buckley, University of York
With things like these textiles that don't look much to look at at all… but you do the chemistry, and suddenly they become hugely significant to our human past, and really gets to the heart of what they were about at this time through the science, which you simply can't tell by looking. So really, the science brings this material to life.

斯蒂芬·巴克利博士 英国约克大学

The recipe they revealed, an embalming liquid containing plant extracts, was probably mixed in a base of sesame oil.


You can actually still find some of those key ingredients from that embalming recipe today. So this is one of them - gum arabic, which is a plant-based confectioner's gum that's on sale in Egypt. And this - this is a really key ingredient - this is pine resin, antibacterial to prevent the body from decaying.


The same mixture of substances was found on this intact mummy from 3,500BC showing that the process is much older than previously thought.


Pierrette Squires, Bolton Museum
Pushing the timeline of mummification back by 1,500 years, it shows to us that it wasn't just at the point where mummification we know was very popular: it was happening much earlier.

皮艾尔瑞特·斯奎尔斯 英国博尔顿博物馆

So, who knows what secrets scientists will unearth next in the storeroom of a local museum? 



preserved 被保存

embalming (用化学物质)进行防腐处理

antibacterial 抗菌的、杀菌的

prevent something from decaying 防止某物被腐蚀

intact 完好无损的


While excavating ancient Egyptian pyramids, archaeologists have discovered 3,000-year-old honey in the tombs. It is still perfectly edible!



Gum arabic, pine resin and a base of sesame oil are the three ingredients mentioned.



Copyright ©