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“Take off” 的三种用法

BBC英语教学 2020-04-10 08:36

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一分钟英语

 

“Take off” 的三种用法

 

内容简介

你知道 “take off” 的意思是什么吗?这个动词短语看似简单,可实际的用处却不少。看 “一分钟英语”,学习 “take off” 的三个意思和用法。

文字稿

Kee

Hi, this is Kee from BBC Learning English. Today, I’m going to tell you three different ways of using the phrasal verb take off.

First, we use take off to describe removing clothing.

It’s really hot here, so I’m going to take off my jumper.

You can also separate take and off and say "take my jumper off".

Second, we use take off to describe something becoming successful.

I’m going to be rich. My business has taken off.

Third, we use take off to describe not going to work.

I’m going to take a day off work tomorrow.

So, we can say take off my jumper, or take my juper off, my business has taken off, and lastly take a day off.

用法总结

'Take off' is a phrasal verb. This means it is a verb (take) followed by a particle (off). Phrasal verbs are tricky because they can have many different meanings depending on the context.
“Take off” 是一个动词短语,它由动词 “take” 和小品词 “off” 组成。动词短语的用法较难,因为它们的意思可能会随着语境的变化而发生改变。

(1)Remove clothing
Take off can mean remove clothing. With this use, take off is separable. This means that the item of clothing can go between the verb and the particle.
“Take off” 可以表示 “脱衣服”。在表达这个意思时,动词短语 “take off” 可以被分开,即:动词 take + 衣物的名称 + 小品词 off 。

It's warm here. I'm going to take off my jumper.It's warm here. I'm going to take my jumper off.                                                                           

Please take off your shoes when you come inside.                             

Please take your shoes off when you come inside.

(2)Something becoming successful
Take off can also mean become successful, especially suddenly.
“Take off” 还可以表示 “突然变得成功,开始走红”。                                           

I'm going to be rich. My business has taken off.                                     

I never liked his music, but it's taken off quite recently. Everyone is listening to it.

(3)Not go to work
Take off can be used with a time word to mean have time away from work.
“Take off” 可以与表示时间的词语搭配使用,表示 “休假,不上班”。                       

I'm going to take a day off work tomorrow.                                         

She asked to take a week off next month for a holiday.

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