BBC Learning English 英语教学




如何区分 “raise” 和 “rise”



你被 “raise” 和 “rise” 困扰过吗?它们都有 “上升” 的意思,但经常被错用。“太阳升起” 和 “提升税收” 怎么说?本期 “一分钟英语” 教你如何正确使用近义词 “raise” 和 “rise”。



Hi, I'm Sian for BBC Learning English. And today, we're going to look at the difference between 'raise' and 'rise'.

So 'raise' and 'rise' both refer to something going up, but there's a difference in how we use them.

'Raise' always needs a direct object – so if you raise something, you move it up. For example: I raise my eyebrows when I'm surprised!

And it doesn't have to be literal – so: The government plan to raise taxes.

Don't forget this is a regular verb, so the past and past participle are both 'raised'.

But with 'rise', there's no direct object. So if something rises, it goes up or increases by itself. The sun rises at 6 a.m. at the moment.
Careful, this is an irregular verb so the past is 'rose' and the past participle is 'risen'.


Raise vs rise

Both raise and rise refer to something going up, but there is a difference.
“Raise” 和 “rise” 作动词时都有 “上升” 的意思,但它们的用法不同。

1. Raise
Raise needs a direct object - if you raise something you move it up. It has both literal and non-literal meanings and it is a regular verb, so it's past and past participle forms are raised.
动词 “raise” 后需要加直接宾语,如:“raise something”,意思是 “把某物举起、抬起、提起”。“Raise” 既可以指 “抬起具体的事物”,也可以表示 “增加,提高某事物”。“Raise” 是规则动词,所以过去式和过去分词均为 “raised”。

raise my eyebrows when I'm surprised.

The government plan to raise taxes.

He raised his voice at me in anger, but I forgave him.

2. Rise
does not take a direct object - things rise or go up by themselves. Rise is an irregular verb so the past form is rose and the past participle is risen.
动词 “rise” 后不需要加直接宾语,如: “something rises”,意思是 “某物自己升起、升高”。“Rise” 是不规则动词,它的过去时为 “rose”,过去分词为 “risen”。

The sun rises at 6a.m.

The water level rises twice a day because of the tide.

The bird rose into the air and flew away.

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